microbial activity
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
Edson Aparecido dos Santos ◽  
Uelson Sabino da Silva-Filho ◽  
Gabriela Madureira Barroso ◽  
Jordana Stein Rabelo ◽  
Edmar Isaías de Melo ◽  
...  

Abstract Trees occurring on the margins of agricultural areas can mitigate damage from residual herbicides. Rhizospheric microbial activity associated with trees is one of the main remedial capacity indicators. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rhizospheric microbiological activity in tree species subjected to the herbicides atrazine and sulfentrazone via the rhizosphere. The experiment was designed in four blocks and a 6 × 3 factorial scheme. The first factor consisted of six tree species from Brazil and the second of atrazine, sulfentrazone, and water solutions. Four herbicide applications were performed via irrigation. The total dry mass of the plants, mycorrhizal colonization, number of spores, basal respiration of the rhizospheric soil, and survival rate of bioindicator plants after phytoremediation were determined. Trichilia hirta had higher biomass when treated with atrazine and sulfentrazone. Herbicides decreased the microbial activity in Triplaris americana and did not affect the microbiological indicators of Myrsine gardneriana, Schizolobium parahyba, and Toona ciliata. Fewer bioindicator plants survived in soil with Triplaris americana and sulfentrazone. Microbiological indicators were influenced in different ways between species by the presence of herbicides in the rhizosphere.


2022 ◽  
Vol 294 ◽  
pp. 110781
Author(s):  
Ram Swaroop Bana ◽  
Minakshi Grover ◽  
Vipin Kumar ◽  
Gograj Singh Jat ◽  
Bhola Ram Kuri ◽  
...  

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 83
Author(s):  
Kai Guo ◽  
Zirui Song ◽  
Gaoxing Wang ◽  
Chengchun Tang

Microbial activity has gained attention because of its impact on the environment and the quality of people’s lives. Most of today’s methods, which include genome sequencing and electrochemistry, are costly and difficult to manage. Our group proposed a method using the redox potential change to detect microbial activity, which is rooted in the concept that metabolic activity can change the redox potential of a microbial community. The redox potential change was captured by a biosensor consisting of porous boron nitride, ATP-DNA aptamer, and methylene blue as the fluorophore. This assembly can switch on or off when there is a redox potential change, and this change leads to a fluorescence change that can be examined using a multipurpose microplate reader. The results show that this biosensor can detect microbial community changes when its composition is changed or toxic metals are ingested.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 66
Author(s):  
Jyothi Dhuguru ◽  
Eugene Zviagin ◽  
Rachid Skouta

Despite the scientific advancements, organophosphate (OP) poisoning continues to be a major threat to humans, accounting for nearly one million poisoning cases every year leading to at least 20,000 deaths worldwide. Oximes represent the most important class in medicinal chemistry, renowned for their widespread applications as OP antidotes, drugs and intermediates for the synthesis of several pharmacological derivatives. Common oxime based reactivators or nerve antidotes include pralidoxime, obidoxime, HI-6, trimedoxime and methoxime, among which pralidoxime is the only FDA-approved drug. Cephalosporins are β-lactam based antibiotics and serve as widely acclaimed tools in fighting bacterial infections. Oxime based cephalosporins have emerged as an important class of drugs with improved efficacy and a broad spectrum of anti-microbial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Among the several oxime based derivatives, cefuroxime, ceftizoxime, cefpodoxime and cefmenoxime are the FDA approved oxime-based antibiotics. Given the pharmacological significance of oximes, in the present paper, we put together all the FDA-approved oximes and discuss their mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics and synthesis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 169 ◽  
pp. 104256
Author(s):  
Pamela Chávez-Ortiz ◽  
Yunuen Tapia-Torres ◽  
John Larsen ◽  
Felipe García-Oliva

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 44-48
Author(s):  
Krishnamoorthy Karthika ◽  
Vimal Priya Subramanian

Solena amplexicaulis, (Cucurbitaceae) commonly known as the creeping cucumber, native to tropical southern Asia. It is generally prescribed for wound healing by the local healers in western districts of Tamil Nadu. The fruits, leaves, roots and shoots have used as food and it is traditionally used as astringent, appetizer, carminative, cardiotonic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, invigorating, purgative and stimulant. It have lot of medicinal uses such as antioxidant antidiabetic, antibacterial etc. The available reports on physicochemical, anti-microbial activity, anti-oxidant activity and pharmacological value of Solena amplexicaulis are discussed in this review.


Author(s):  
Melysa Putri ◽  
Hafnimardiyanti Hafnimardiyanti ◽  
Dian Savitri

Hand sanitizer is an antiseptic in gel form. The gel texture in hand sanitizers is caused by the carbomer which acts as a gelling agent. Therefore, this research was done to observe the effect of carbomer on the value of pH, viscosity, and microbial activity in hand sanitizers. As for testing pH using pH meters, testing viscosity was carried out using the viscometer method, while microbial activity was carried out using the Total Plate Number, Yeast Mold Number and microbial pathogen tests. Based on the data obtained, the carbomer greatly influences the increase in the viscosity of the hand sanitizer gel, the pH value was obtained at 6.0 - 7.06, while in the microbial activity test none of the microbes grew in each medium. Therefore, it can be concluded that the hand sanitizer with code P3 is the best sample


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