graph neural networks
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2022 ◽  
Vol 191 ◽  
pp. 116240
Yuzhi Song ◽  
Hailiang Ye ◽  
Ming Li ◽  
Feilong Cao

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-46
Hao Peng ◽  
Ruitong Zhang ◽  
Yingtong Dou ◽  
Renyu Yang ◽  
Jingyi Zhang ◽  

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have been widely used for the representation learning of various structured graph data, typically through message passing among nodes by aggregating their neighborhood information via different operations. While promising, most existing GNNs oversimplify the complexity and diversity of the edges in the graph and thus are inefficient to cope with ubiquitous heterogeneous graphs, which are typically in the form of multi-relational graph representations. In this article, we propose RioGNN , a novel Reinforced, recursive, and flexible neighborhood selection guided multi-relational Graph Neural Network architecture, to navigate complexity of neural network structures whilst maintaining relation-dependent representations. We first construct a multi-relational graph, according to the practical task, to reflect the heterogeneity of nodes, edges, attributes, and labels. To avoid the embedding over-assimilation among different types of nodes, we employ a label-aware neural similarity measure to ascertain the most similar neighbors based on node attributes. A reinforced relation-aware neighbor selection mechanism is developed to choose the most similar neighbors of a targeting node within a relation before aggregating all neighborhood information from different relations to obtain the eventual node embedding. Particularly, to improve the efficiency of neighbor selecting, we propose a new recursive and scalable reinforcement learning framework with estimable depth and width for different scales of multi-relational graphs. RioGNN can learn more discriminative node embedding with enhanced explainability due to the recognition of individual importance of each relation via the filtering threshold mechanism. Comprehensive experiments on real-world graph data and practical tasks demonstrate the advancements of effectiveness, efficiency, and the model explainability, as opposed to other comparative GNN models.

2022 ◽  
Vol 168 ◽  
pp. 108653
Tianfu Li ◽  
Zheng Zhou ◽  
Sinan Li ◽  
Chuang Sun ◽  
Ruqiang Yan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Hanlu Wu ◽  
Tengfei Ma ◽  
Lingfei Wu ◽  
Fangli Xu ◽  
Shouling Ji

Crowdsourcing has attracted much attention for its convenience to collect labels from non-expert workers instead of experts. However, due to the high level of noise from the non-experts, a label aggregation model that infers the true label from noisy crowdsourced labels is required. In this article, we propose a novel framework based on graph neural networks for aggregating crowd labels. We construct a heterogeneous graph between workers and tasks and derive a new graph neural network to learn the representations of nodes and the true labels. Besides, we exploit the unknown latent interaction between the same type of nodes (workers or tasks) by adding a homogeneous attention layer in the graph neural networks. Experimental results on 13 real-world datasets show superior performance over state-of-the-art models.

2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (9) ◽  
pp. 1-38
Sergi Abadal ◽  
Akshay Jain ◽  
Robert Guirado ◽  
Jorge López-Alonso ◽  
Eduard Alarcón

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have exploded onto the machine learning scene in recent years owing to their capability to model and learn from graph-structured data. Such an ability has strong implications in a wide variety of fields whose data are inherently relational, for which conventional neural networks do not perform well. Indeed, as recent reviews can attest, research in the area of GNNs has grown rapidly and has lead to the development of a variety of GNN algorithm variants as well as to the exploration of ground-breaking applications in chemistry, neurology, electronics, or communication networks, among others. At the current stage research, however, the efficient processing of GNNs is still an open challenge for several reasons. Besides of their novelty, GNNs are hard to compute due to their dependence on the input graph, their combination of dense and very sparse operations, or the need to scale to huge graphs in some applications. In this context, this article aims to make two main contributions. On the one hand, a review of the field of GNNs is presented from the perspective of computing. This includes a brief tutorial on the GNN fundamentals, an overview of the evolution of the field in the last decade, and a summary of operations carried out in the multiple phases of different GNN algorithm variants. On the other hand, an in-depth analysis of current software and hardware acceleration schemes is provided, from which a hardware-software, graph-aware, and communication-centric vision for GNN accelerators is distilled.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-23
Zhiqiang Tian ◽  
Yezheng Liu ◽  
Jianshan Sun ◽  
Yuanchun Jiang ◽  
Mingyue Zhu

Personalized recommendation has become more and more important for users to quickly find relevant items. The key issue of the recommender system is how to model user preferences. Previous work mostly employed user historical data to learn users’ preferences, but faced with the data sparsity problem. The prevalence of online social networks promotes increasing online discussion groups, and users in the same group often have similar interests and preferences. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate group information for personalized recommendation. The existing work on group-information-enhanced recommender systems mainly relies on the item information related to the group, which is not expressive enough to capture the complicated preference dependency relationships between group users and the target user. In this article, we solve the problem with the graph neural networks. Specifically, the relationship between users and items, the item preferences of groups, and the groups that users participate in are constructed as bipartite graphs, respectively, and the user preferences for items are learned end to end through the graph neural network. The experimental results on the and Douban Movie datasets show that considering group preferences can improve the recommendation performance and demonstrate the superiority on sparse users compared

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-28
Wei Zhang ◽  
Zeyuan Chen ◽  
Hongyuan Zha ◽  
Jianyong Wang

Sequential product recommendation, aiming at predicting the products that a target user will interact with soon, has become a hotspot topic. Most of the sequential recommendation models focus on learning from users’ interacted product sequences in a purely data-driven manner. However, they largely overlook the knowledgeable substitutable and complementary relations between products. To address this issue, we propose a novel Substitutable and Complementary Graph-based Sequential Product Recommendation model, namely, SCG-SPRe. The innovations of SCG-SPRe lie in its two main modules: (1) The module of interactive graph neural networks jointly encodes the high-order product correlations in the substitutable graph and the complementary graph into two types of relation-specific product representations. (2) The module of kernel-enhanced transformer networks adaptively fuses multiple temporal kernels to characterize the unique temporal patterns between a candidate product to be recommended and any interacted product in a target behavior sequence. Thanks to the seamless integration of the two modules, SCG-SPRe obtains candidate-dependent user representations for different candidate products to compute the corresponding ranking scores. We conduct extensive experiments on three public datasets, demonstrating SCG-SPRe is superior to competitive sequential recommendation baselines and validating the benefits of explicitly modeling the product-product relations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-30
Qianqian Xie ◽  
Yutao Zhu ◽  
Jimin Huang ◽  
Pan Du ◽  
Jian-Yun Nie

Due to the overload of published scientific articles, citation recommendation has long been a critical research problem for automatically recommending the most relevant citations of given articles. Relational topic models (RTMs) have shown promise on citation prediction via joint modeling of document contents and citations. However, existing RTMs can only capture pairwise or direct (first-order) citation relationships among documents. The indirect (high-order) citation links have been explored in graph neural network–based methods, but these methods suffer from the well-known explainability problem. In this article, we propose a model called Graph Neural Collaborative Topic Model that takes advantage of both relational topic models and graph neural networks to capture high-order citation relationships and to have higher explainability due to the latent topic semantic structure. Experiments on three real-world citation datasets show that our model outperforms several competitive baseline methods on citation recommendation. In addition, we show that our approach can learn better topics than the existing approaches. The recommendation results can be well explained by the underlying topics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-54
Yu Zhou ◽  
Haixia Zheng ◽  
Xin Huang ◽  
Shufeng Hao ◽  
Dengao Li ◽  

Graph neural networks provide a powerful toolkit for embedding real-world graphs into low-dimensional spaces according to specific tasks. Up to now, there have been several surveys on this topic. However, they usually lay emphasis on different angles so that the readers cannot see a panorama of the graph neural networks. This survey aims to overcome this limitation and provide a systematic and comprehensive review on the graph neural networks. First of all, we provide a novel taxonomy for the graph neural networks, and then refer to up to 327 relevant literatures to show the panorama of the graph neural networks. All of them are classified into the corresponding categories. In order to drive the graph neural networks into a new stage, we summarize four future research directions so as to overcome the challenges faced. It is expected that more and more scholars can understand and exploit the graph neural networks and use them in their research community.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Lianghao Xia ◽  
Chao Huang ◽  
Yong Xu ◽  
Huance Xu ◽  
Xiang Li ◽  

As the deep learning techniques have expanded to real-world recommendation tasks, many deep neural network based Collaborative Filtering (CF) models have been developed to project user-item interactions into latent feature space, based on various neural architectures, such as multi-layer perceptron, autoencoder, and graph neural networks. However, the majority of existing collaborative filtering systems are not well designed to handle missing data. Particularly, in order to inject the negative signals in the training phase, these solutions largely rely on negative sampling from unobserved user-item interactions and simply treating them as negative instances, which brings the recommendation performance degradation. To address the issues, we develop a C ollaborative R eflection-Augmented A utoencoder N etwork (CRANet), that is capable of exploring transferable knowledge from observed and unobserved user-item interactions. The network architecture of CRANet is formed of an integrative structure with a reflective receptor network and an information fusion autoencoder module, which endows our recommendation framework with the ability of encoding implicit user’s pairwise preference on both interacted and non-interacted items. Additionally, a parametric regularization-based tied-weight scheme is designed to perform robust joint training of the two-stage CRANetmodel. We finally experimentally validate CRANeton four diverse benchmark datasets corresponding to two recommendation tasks, to show that debiasing the negative signals of user-item interactions improves the performance as compared to various state-of-the-art recommendation techniques. Our source code is available at

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