tumor proliferation and metastasis
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Qianqian Zhang ◽  
Xiaohong Deng ◽  
Xiuxin Tang ◽  
Ying You ◽  
Meihua Mei ◽  

PurposeHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a worldwide leading cause of morbidity and mortality, is the most frequent primary liver tumor. Most HCC patients are diagnosed with advanced liver cancer, resulting in a very low 5-year survival rate. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development of targeted therapies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of the miR-20a/EZH1 axis on the proliferation and metastasis of HCC and the inhibitory effect of the EZH1/EZH2 inhibitor UNC1999 on HCC.Materials and MethodsThe expression of miR-20a in human HCC tissues and cell lines was detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The expressions of proteins were analyzed with immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Luciferase assay was used to verify whether miR-20a targets EZH1 or EZH2. The effect of miR-20a on HCC progression was studied in vivo and in vitro. The tumor inhibitory effect of UNC1999 was confirmed in vivo. CCK8 assay, wound healing assay, cell migration and invasion assay were used to evaluate the synergistic effect of UNC1999 with sorafenib. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to screen the differentially expressed genes in the Huh7 and SMMC7721 cell lines after UNC1999, sorafenib, and combination treatments.ResultsIn this study, miR-20a showed a lower expression in both HCC tissues and cell lines. MiR-20a inhibited the proliferation and migration of SMMC7721 and Huh7 cells. The results of the luciferase assay and Western blot analysis revealed that miR-20a directly targeted EZH1, a histone methyltransferase. We demonstrated that miR-20a negatively regulated the expression of EZH1 and inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of HCC by reducing H3K27 methylation. We found UNC1999 inhibited tumor cells proliferation and enhanced the inhibitory effect of sorafenib.ConclusionWe demonstrated that miR-20a suppresses the tumor proliferation and metastasis in HCC by directly targeting EZH1. UNC1999 can inhibit tumor proliferation in vivo and increase the sensitivity of hepatoma cell lines to sorafenib.

Xiao-Peng Gao ◽  
Jie-Jie Dong ◽  
Tian Xie ◽  
Xiaoqing Guan

MUC4, a transmembrane mucin, plays important roles in epithelial renewal and differentiation. Recent studies suggest that MUC4 has been implicated in pancreatic cancer pathogenesis and is expressed in various normal and cancer tissues. The underlying features of MUC4 across various cancer types may allow us to ensure appropriate treatment and patient monitoring. However, the contributions of MUC4 to pan-cancer have not been well characterized. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern and prognostic value of MUC4 across multiple databases. We further explored genomic and epigenetic alterations of MUC4, its association with proliferation and metastasis, and the correlation with immune infiltration in different cancers. Our results characterized the distinct expression profile and prognostic values of MUC4 in pan-cancer. Through examining its association with genomic alteration, tumor proliferation, and metastasis, as well as tumor infiltration, we revealed multiple function effects of MUC4. MUC4 may influence prognosis, proliferation, metastasis, and immune response in opposite directions. In conclusion, our findings suggested the necessity to more carefully evaluate MUC4 as a biomarker and therapeutic target and develop the new antibodies for cancer detection and intervention.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Kandi Xu ◽  
Huize Han ◽  
Yexin Luo ◽  
Hong Ye ◽  
Hongxia Lin ◽  

Tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumor proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis. Local RAS is a key factor to tumor proliferation and metastasis in NSCLC microenvironment, but its role on angiogenesis and VM formation remains unclear. Although overwhelming majority of previous studies suggested that VM is well established in aggressive tumor and facilitates tumor growth and metastasis, we put forward different views from another angle. We proved that status of tumor blood supply patterns, including VM channels and endothelial vessels, can dynamically exchange with each other along with local RAS fluctuations in microenvironment. Quantitatively, ACE2/ACEI promotes VM formation via Nodal/Notch4 activation; while structurally, ACE2/ACEI leads to a strong and solid structure of VM via inhibition of VE-cadherin internalization. These changes induced by ACE2/ACEI relate to relatively low metastasis rate and comforting prognoses of NSCLC patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
Lina Qi ◽  
Jiani Chen ◽  
Biting Zhou ◽  
Kailun Xu ◽  
Kailai Wang ◽  

AbstractPatients with right-sided colon cancer (RCC) generally have a poorer prognosis than those with left-sided colon cancer (LCC). We previously found that homeobox C6 (HOXC6) was the most significantly upregulated gene in RCC compared to LCC. However, it remains unclear whether HOXC6 plays a role in tumor proliferation and metastasis. Our study aimed to explore the potential oncogenic role and the detailed molecular mechanism of HOXC6 in RCC. In this study, HOXC6 was validated to be overexpressed in RCC and associated with poor prognosis. Furthermore, overexpression of HOXC6 promoted the migration and invasion of colon cancer cells through inducing EMT by activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and inhibition of DKK1 secretion. Lastly, we preliminary explored the translational effect of HOXC6 and found that silencing of HOXC6 made HCT116 and HT29 cells more sensitive to irinotecan.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. 153303382097752
Ronghua Wang ◽  
Xiuyun Wang ◽  
Jingtao Zhang ◽  
Yanpei Liu

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play important roles in the progression of human cancers. Herein, bioinformatic analysis identified that LINC00942 was a highly overexpressed lncRNA in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). The present study aimed to explore the roles and possible molecular mechanisms of LINC00942 in LUAD. Methods: First, on the basis of TCGA database, the expression and prognosis of LINC00942 were analyzed in LUAD tissues. Then, si-LINC00942 was transfected into A549 and H1299 cells to knockdown the expression of LINC00942. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell apoptosis. The expressions of PCNA, Bax, Bcl-2, and wnt/β-catenin pathway proteins were detected by western blotting. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate the regulatory relationship between LINC00942 and miR-5006-5p, or miR-5006-5p and FZD1. Results: We discovered that LINC00942 was up-regulated in LUAD tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Besides, we found the increased LINC00942 expression was associated with poor survival. In addition, silencing of LINC00942 suppressed the proliferation, migration, invasion and facilitated the apoptosis of A549 and H1299 cells. Moreover, silencing of LINC00942 repressed the expression of PCNA, Bcl-2, and enhanced Bax expression in A549 and H1299 cells. Mechanically, LINC00942 exerted its effects via enhancing Wnt signaling. LINC00942 functioned as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) by binding to miR-5006-5p, upregulating the expression of FZD1, which was a direct target of miR-5006-5p. Conclusion: Our findings indicated that LINC00942/miR-5006-5p/FZD1 axis played important roles in LUAD growth through enhancing Wnt signaling. LINC00942/miR-5006-5p/FZD1 axis might serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for LUAD treatment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Zeyan Li ◽  
Shuo Zhao ◽  
Shiqin Zhu ◽  
Yidong Fan

AbstractMicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to affect the biological processes of cancers and showed great potential for prognostic biomarkers. In this study, we screened differentially expressed miRNAs in ccRCC based on three dimensions of metastasis, prognosis, and differential expression compared to normal tissue using bioinformatics algorithms. MiR-153-5p was identified as a candidate miRNA to promote ccRCC occurrence and progression. Clinically, we found that miR-153-5p was significantly upregulated and related to unfavorable clinical features in ccRCC. Besides, miR-153-5p served as an independent prognostic biomarker. Functionally, miR-153-5p depletion remarkably inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of ccRCC via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling. Furthermore, AGO1 was proved to be a direct target of miR-153-5p. AGO1 is associated with favorable clinical features and exhibited independent prognostic value in ccRCC. Besides, we observed that AGO1 knockdown significantly promoted tumor proliferation and metastasis. Downregulation of AGO1 partly abolished the oncogenic effects of miR-153-5p knockdown. Furthermore, miR-153-5p combined with AGO1 showed more robust prognostic significance in ccRCC. In conclusion, we found that the newly identified miR-153-5p/AGO1 axis was responsible for tumor occurrence and progression via PI3K/Akt signaling, which may therefore provide promising therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers for patients with ccRCC.

Nanoscale ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (13) ◽  
pp. 6605-6623
Chuchu Lin ◽  
Xuan Yang ◽  
Huatian Li ◽  
Yiqing Zou ◽  
Imran Shair Mohammad ◽  

A self-assembled nanomedicine combining Ber and Dox with high drug loading was developed, which could translocate Dox from the nucleus to mitochondria and finally inhibit tumor proliferation and metastasis simultaneously via mitochondrial pathways.

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