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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 770-777
Author(s):  
Siyuan Chen ◽  
Weixiong Guo ◽  
Jinsong Wei ◽  
Han Lin ◽  
Fengyan Guo

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the role of has_circ_0010452 in the progression of osteoporosis (OP) targeting miR-543, as well as their functions in regulating proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). Methods: The expression levels of circ_0010452 and miR-543 in hBMSCs at different time points of osteogenic differentiation were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). After transfection of circ_0010452 siRNA or miR-543 inhibitor in hBMSCs, the relative expression levels of osteogenic marker proteins, including oat spelt xylan (OSX), osteocalcin (OCN) and collagen I (Col-1), were determined by western blot. Cell proliferation of hBMSCs was valued by Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8) assay. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to verify the relationship between circ_0010452 and miR-543. Subsequently, the regulatory effects of circ_0010452 and miR-543 on osteogenic differentiation and the capability of mineralization were evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) determination and alizarin red staining, respectively. Results: The expression of circ_0010452 decreased gradually and miR-543 increased in hBMSCs with the prolongation of osteogenic differentiation. circ_0010452 could bind to miR-543, which was negatively regulated by miR-543 in hBMSCs. Moreover, knockdown of circ_0010452 inhibited proliferation and osteogenic differentiation by upregulating miR-543, as well as upregulating expressions of OSX, OCN and Col-1. Furthermore, knockdown of circ_0010452 markedly promoted the capability of mineralization of hBMSCs, which was further reversed by transfection of miR-543 inhibitor. The knockdown of miR-543 partially reversed the inhibitory effect of circ_0010452 on the osteogenesis of hBMSCs. Conclusions: Silence of circ_0010452 promotes the development of OP via binding to miR-543 regulating proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs, thus promoting the progression of osteoporosis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 747-755
Author(s):  
Shengyong Liu ◽  
Xiangcheng Li

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwide with a poor prognosis. Amounting studies revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) show important roles in various biological processes. The purpose of this study was to explore the biological function and potential molecular mechanism of CASC7 in HCC. Methods: CASC7 expression in HCC cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR. The expressions of CASC7 and miR-340-5p were changed by transfection of miR-340-5p mimic, the CASC7 overexpression and knockdown plasmids. The interaction between CASC7 and miR-340-5p was assessed by a Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. The biological functions of CASC7 were evaluated by CCK-8, colony formation assay, ROS assay kit, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry (FCM). Results: CASC7 was upregulated in HCC cell lines. CASC7 overexpression significantly promoted cell proliferation, as well as inhibited apoptosis and oxidative stress. In contrast, CASC7 knockdown could reverse these above changes. The result of the Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that CASC7 directly targeted miR-340-5p and negatively regulated its expression. In addition, CASC7 promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of HCC cells through activating Nrf2 pathway by downregulating miR-340-5p. Conclusions: In summary, CASC7 promotes HCC tumorigenesis and progression through the Nrf2 pathway by targeting miR-340-5p, which may provide a new target for therapy of HCC.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 848-853
Author(s):  
Peng Sun ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
...  

Abnormal MEK1 expression is associated with tumor cell EMT, invasion and metastasis. Decreased miR-16 level is associated with glioma. Bioinformatics analysis showed a relationship between miR-16 and MEK1. This study assessed whether miR-16 regulates MEK1 expression and affects glioma cell EMT and invasion. The tumor tissues and adjacent glioma tissues were collected to measure miR-16 and MEK1 mRNA. The dual luciferase assay validated the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. U251 cells were cultured and assigned into NC group and mimic group, followed by analysis of cell biological behaviors, and MEK1, p-ERK1/2, E-cadherin, N-Cadherin expression. Compared with adjacent tissues, miR-16 expression was significantly decreased and MEK1 was elevated in glioma tissues. Compared with HEB, miR-16 in glioma U251 and SHG44 cells was decreased and MEK1 was increased. Dual luciferase reporter gene experiments confirmed the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. Transfection of miR-16 mimic significantly down-regulated MEK1, p-ERK1/2 and N-cadherin in U251 cells, upregulated E-cadherin, inhibited cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and attenuated EMT and invasion of glioma cells. In conclusion, decreased miR-16 expression and increased MEK1 expression is related to glioma pathogenesis. Overexpression of miR-16 can inhibit MEK1 expression, ERK/MAPK signaling, glioma cell proliferation, promote apoptosis, and attenuate EMT and invasion.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-470
Author(s):  
Gang Quan ◽  
Bo Ren ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Guo Wu ◽  
...  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> This study was designed to probe the influence and mechanism of lncRNA HOTAIR on migration, apoptosis and proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> We evaluated LncRNA HOTAIR expression in HCC tissues and adjacent tissues, and serum of HCC patients and healthy controls. Later, we knocked down lncRNA HOTAIR, and utilized CCK-8 to determine Hep3B cell proliferation, flow cytometry for prospecting Hep3B cell apoptosis, and cell scratch assay for observing Hep3B cell migration.We anticipated the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR, and adopted luciferase reporter assay to verify. Moreover, we inhibitedmiR-126-5p expression, and rescue experiment for evaluating the influence of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitors on Hep3B cell migration, apoptosis as well as proliferation. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Our results showed that lncRNA HOTAIR expression in tumor tissues and serum was significantly increased. Moreover, lncRNA HOTAIR inhibition significantly decreased the Hep3B cell proliferation rate, elevated Hep3B cell apoptosis rate, and inhibited Hep3B cell migration. Luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-126-5p was the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR. Furthermore, co-transfection of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitor could diminishthe effects of HOTAIR silencing on apoptosis, proliferation and migration. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Silencing of lncRNA-HOTAIR can inhibit the HCC cell migration and proliferation, and increase the apoptosis by up-regulating miR-126-5p expression. </sec>


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1053-1058
Author(s):  
Shunfu Zhu ◽  
Neng Jiang ◽  
Jianjun Zhu

Objective: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis. Abnormal miR-375 level was related to thyroid cancer. Software predicted a relationship between miR-375 and YAP1. Our study investigated whether miR-375 regulates YAP1 expression and affects thyroid cancer cells. Methods: The tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of thyroid cancer patients were collected to measure miR-375 and YAP1 expression. The dual luciferase reporter experiment verified the regulation between miR-375 and YAP1. Thyroid cancer cell line B-CPAP and TPC-1 cells were divided into miR-NC group and miR-375 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation by flow cytometry, caspase-3 activity, and cell clone formation ability by plate cloning assay. Results: Compared with adjacent cancer tissues, miR-375 in thyroid cancer tissues was decreased and YAP1 was increased. miR-375 targets YAP1. Compared with Nthy-ori 3-1 cells, miR-375 in B-CPAP and TPC-1 cells was significantly reduced and YAP1 was increased. Transfection with miR-375 mimic significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increase caspase-3 activity, and reduced the ability of cells to form clones. Conclusion: miR-375 can inhibit YAP1 expression, decrease the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells, induce cell apoptosis, and reduce clone formation.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 681-689
Author(s):  
Zhou Hongyi ◽  
Yan Zhiqiang ◽  
Zhu Leilei ◽  
Li Maolin ◽  
Shao Jianfeng ◽  
...  

Objection: Our research wanted to discuss miR-29b-3p in PCa occurrence and development and relative mechanisms. Methods: Collecting adjacent and cancer tissues from prostate cancer patients and measuring miR-29b-3p expressions by RT-qPCR and ISH assay. Using DU145 and PC3 cell lines which the miR-29b-3p were high expression in our study. Using miR inhibitor to knockdown miR-29b-3p in DU145 and PC3. Using CCK-8 and flow cytometry to measure cell proliferation and cell apoptosis, invasion cell number by transwell and wound healing rate by wound healing assay. The relative proteins expressions were measured using WB assay. p-AKT nuclear levels were evaluated using Cell immunofluorescence test. Using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay to analysis correlation miR-29b-3p and PTEN. Results: miR-29b-3p gene significantly increased. miR-29b-3p knockdown had effects to depress cell proliferation, increase cell apoptosis, depress invasion cells number and wound healing rates. PTEN proteins were significantly up-regulation and p-AKT and MMP-9 proteins expressions were significantly down-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively). And p-AKT nuclear volume were significantly depressed. And miR-29b-3p could target PTEN. Conclusion: miR-29b-3p played an oncology gene in prostate cancer via regulation PTEN/AKT pathway in vitro study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 417-421
Author(s):  
Zhanxiang Yang ◽  
Lihong Zhang

This study intends to elucidate MiRNA-335’s role in hepatoma cell lines (HCC). Real-time PCR was used to detect MiRNA-335 expression in HCC, flow cytometry and MTT were used to detect apoptosis and proliferation. Luciferase reporting system analyzed the targeting relationship between Foxo3a and MiRNA-335. HCC (SMMC7721 cell) exhibited significantly reduced MiRNA-335 compared to normal hepatocyte cell (HL7702). MiRNA-335 mimic inhibited HCC proliferation and enhanced apoptosis, which were reversed by MiRNA-335 inhibitor. Luciferase reporter gene system showed that MiRNA-335 significantly inhibited the fluorescent activity of Foxo3a 3′-UTR, indicating that MiRNA-335 could target Foxo3a RNA. In conclusion, the decrease of MiRNA-335 can promote the proliferation of hepatoma cells and inhibit apoptosis possibly through regulating Foxo3a, which provides a new direction for the treatment of liver cancer.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 306-315
Author(s):  
Jie Song ◽  
Cheng Chen ◽  
Hui Zhang

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and inflammatory disease, leading to pain or even disability in severe cases. LncRNA PCGEM1 (PCGEM1) is reported to be dysregulated, serving as critical regulators in various human diseases, including OA. However, the biological role of PCGEM1 and its underlying mechanisms during OA remained unclear. In the present study, CHON-001 cells were exposed to interleukin (IL)-1β to construct the OA cell model. Expression of PCGEM1 and miR-152-3p in cells was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. Corresponding commercial kits were used to measure the expressions of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), inter-leukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Protein levels of apoptosis-related proteins, cleaved-Caspase3 and Caspase3, were detected by Western blotting. 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) tetrazolium (MTT) and flow cytometry assays were utilized for the determination of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The association between PCGEN1 and miR-152-3p was confirmed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. From the results, PCGEM1 expression was significantly increased while miR-152-3p was inhibited in CHON-001 cells after IL-1β treatment. In addition, silencing of PCGEM1 could promote proliferation, inhibit the apoptosis, suppress LDH level and alleviate inflammation response caused by IL-1β in CHON-001 cells by sponging miR-152-3p. In a word, PCGEM1 down-regulation suppressed OA progression by the regulation of miR-152-3p expression, functioning as a potential therapeutic target for OA clinical treatment.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 373-380
Author(s):  
Xuecheng Sun ◽  
Tao Wang ◽  
Bo Huang ◽  
Gaobo Ruan ◽  
Jun Huang ◽  
...  

Background: Vitiligo, a chronic, autoimmune destruction of melanocytes, caused by the disappearance of epidermal melanocytes, but the mechanism is not fully understood. Although emerging evidence demonstrated that abnormal regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) were associated with the pathogenesis of diseases, the functions of miR-637 in vitiligo remain unclear. Objective: This research was designed to explore the potential roles of miR-637 in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced human primary melanocytes in vitiligo. Methods: Human primary melanocytes were induced by 250 μmol/L H2O2 for 4 h to establish oxidative injury of melanocytes model. Cell viability and apoptosis analyzed by MTT and flow cytometry assay, respectively. The relevance between miR-637 and transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) was checked using TargetScan and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression of miR-637 and TRPM2 was evaluated using qRT-PCR and/or Western blot analysis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities were measured using specific assay kits. In addition, the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were evaluated using Western blot assay. Results: TRPM2 was up-regulated, while miR-637 was down-regulated in H2O2-stimulated human primary melanocytes. TRPM2 directly interacted with miR-637. Up-regulation of miR-637 memorably increased miR-637 level and inhibited TRPM2 expression. Furthermore, miR-637 mimic fortified cell viability, reduced apoptotic cells, enhanced Bcl-2 expression, reduced Bax level, as well as inhibited the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 in H2O2-induced melanocytes. Meanwhile, miR-637 mimic obviously suppressed the accumulation of ROS and increased SOD and CAT activity. Nevertheless, all these findings were inverted by TRPM2-plasmid. Likewise, TRPM2-siRNA led to increased cell viability, reduced apoptotic cells, enhanced Bcl-2 expression, reduced Bax level, inhibited Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, inhibited ROS production, but increased SOD and CAT activity in H2O2-induced melanocytes. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that TRPM2 was up-regulated, while miR-637 was down-regulated in injurious melanocytes of vitiligo. Up-regulation of miR-637 relieved oxidative stress-stimulated melanocyte injury via down-regulating TRPM2 expression. Our results provide new insights into the functions of miR-637 in the development of vitiligo, indicating that miR-637 may be a latent target for vitiligo therapy.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 335-345
Author(s):  
Xiaoyan Zhang ◽  
Wei Zhu ◽  
Junjie Lu

MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been identified to serve a key role in the development of tumors. However, the role of miR-133b in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains largely unclear. This study will investigate the role and mechanism of miR-133b in CRC. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to detect the level of miR-133b in CRC cell lines. Bioinformatics software TargetScan predicted the potential target genes of miR-133b, and a dual luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm this. To investigate the role of miR-133b in CRC cells, miR-133b was upregulated or downregulated in CRC cell lines (SW620 and HT-29) by transfecting with a miR-133b mimic or inhibitor, respectively. Subsequently, cell viability was analyzed using MTT assay, whereas cell apoptosis and the cell cycle distribution were analyzed by flow cytometry. In addition, the associated protein levels were detected using western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that miR-133b was significantly downregulated in CRC cell lines when compared with the normal colonic epithelial NCM-460 cell line. Human antigen R (HuR; also termed ELAVL1) was demonstrated to be a direct target of miR-133b and was negatively regulated by miR-133b. HuR was also notably upregulated in the CRC cell lines when compared with the normal control. Transfection of SW620 and HT-29 cells with the miR-133b mimic significantly inhibited cell viability, and induced cell apoptosis and G1 phase arrest, while upregulation of HuR demonstrated the opposite effects. Furthermore, the present data demonstrated that the miR-133b mimic significantly enhanced the protein levels of p21 and p27, and downregulated cyclin D1 and cyclin A levels in SW620 and HT-29 cells; the opposite effects were observed following treatment with the miR-133b inhibitor. In conclusion, the data indicate that miR-133b suppressed CRC cell growth by targeting HuR.


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