Cancer Tissues
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1053-1058
Shunfu Zhu ◽  
Neng Jiang ◽  
Jianjun Zhu

Objective: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis. Abnormal miR-375 level was related to thyroid cancer. Software predicted a relationship between miR-375 and YAP1. Our study investigated whether miR-375 regulates YAP1 expression and affects thyroid cancer cells. Methods: The tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of thyroid cancer patients were collected to measure miR-375 and YAP1 expression. The dual luciferase reporter experiment verified the regulation between miR-375 and YAP1. Thyroid cancer cell line B-CPAP and TPC-1 cells were divided into miR-NC group and miR-375 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation by flow cytometry, caspase-3 activity, and cell clone formation ability by plate cloning assay. Results: Compared with adjacent cancer tissues, miR-375 in thyroid cancer tissues was decreased and YAP1 was increased. miR-375 targets YAP1. Compared with Nthy-ori 3-1 cells, miR-375 in B-CPAP and TPC-1 cells was significantly reduced and YAP1 was increased. Transfection with miR-375 mimic significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increase caspase-3 activity, and reduced the ability of cells to form clones. Conclusion: miR-375 can inhibit YAP1 expression, decrease the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells, induce cell apoptosis, and reduce clone formation.

2022 ◽  
Ruixia Bai ◽  
Wanying Song ◽  
Yan Cui ◽  
Haining Gao ◽  
Yuxing Zhao ◽  

Abstract ObjectiveTo explore the autophagy effect of ghrelin on the ovarian cancer cell line SK-OV-3. And the lncRNA which regulate the ghrelin effect SK-OV-3 autophagy was showed.Methodsthe expression of ghrelin in the ovarian cancer tissues was analyzed according GEPIA database and HPA database. The CCK-8 was used to detect the the optimal concentration of ghrelin effect on the SK-OV-3. The influence on the SK-OV-3 cell autophagy by ghrelin was showed by detecting the expression of Beclin-1, LC3Ⅰand LC3Ⅱusing western blot. Linc00598 selected as the effecting the SK-OV-3 cells autophagy by ghrelin using RNA-Seq. And the Linc00598 which was silenced or overexressed promote the SK-OV-3 cells autophagy treated by ghrelin though western blot.ResultsGhrelin was expressed low in the ovarian cancer tissues. Ghrelin concentratio of 600 ng/ml was the optimal concentration o and 24 h was the optimal time. Ghrelin can promote the SK-OV-3 cell autophagy. Ghrelin mainly through linc00598 to promote the SK-OV-3 cells autophagy. When the linc00598 silenced, ghrelin promote SK-OV-3 cells autophagy was inhibited. And When the linc00598 overexpressed, ghrelin promote SK-OV-3 cells autophagy was inhanced.ConclusionsGhrelin promote SK-OV-3 cells autophagy. Additionally, we proved that ghrelin regulated the progression of SK-OV-3 cells autophagy by linc00598/ Beclin1 axis.

2022 ◽  
Yanlei Chen ◽  
Yu Gao ◽  
Xueqian Ma ◽  
Yanping Wang ◽  
Jinhao Liu ◽  

Abstract Background: M2 macrophages and regulatory T cells (Tregs) can promote tumors and development by inhibiting the anti-tumor immune response. This study investigated the number of CD163‐positive M2 macrophages and Foxp3-positive Tregs in the progression of colorectal cancer. It also investigated the correlation and of M2 macrophages and Tregs.Methods: Postoperative tissue specimens and clinical data were collected from 197 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent initial surgical treatment in The Second Ward of Colorectal Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University from March 2020 to December 2020. Use immunohistochemical methods to detect the expression levels of CD163 protein-labeled M2 macrophages and Foxp3 protein-labeled Tregs in colorectal cancer tissues, matched paracancer tissues and lymph node tissues. Analyze the correlation between CD163 and Foxp3 in cancer tissues and lymph node tissues, as well as the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics and preoperative tumor markers. Results: M2 macrophages and Tregs were significantly positively correlated in cancer and lymph node tissues, which significantly increased in cancer and metastatic lymph node tissues. Interestingly, M2 macrophages in non-metastatic lymph nodes also increased significantly in patients with metastatic lymph nodes. Tregs stage I+II is higher than stage III+IV in paraneoplastic tissues. In addition, both CD163 and Foxp3 were upregulated with increasing tumor TNM stage, depth of infiltration, lymphatic metastasis, and depth of infiltration, and both were positively correlated with CEA. Conclusion: M2 macrophages and Tregs are important indicators of colorectal cancer progression and lymph node metastasis. There is a certain correlation between the two types of cells. It is possible that M2 macrophages, together with suppressor cells Tregs, promote an immunosuppressive environment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 625
Jacopo Meldolesi

Stem cells, identified several decades ago, started to attract interest at the end of the nineties when families of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), concentrated in the stroma of most organs, were found to participate in the therapy of many diseases. In cancer, however, stem cells of high importance are specific to another family, the cancer stem cells (CSCs). This comprehensive review is focused on the role and the mechanisms of CSCs and of their specific extracellular vesicles (EVs), which are composed of both exosomes and ectosomes. Compared to non-stem (normal) cancer cells, CSCs exist in small populations that are preferentially distributed to the niches, such as minor specific tissue sites corresponding to the stroma of non-cancer tissues. At niches and marginal sites of other cancer masses, the tissue exhibits peculiar properties that are typical of the tumor microenvironment (TME) of cancers. The extracellular matrix (ECM) includes components different from non-cancer tissues. CSCs and their EVs, in addition to effects analogous to those of MSCs/EVs, participate in processes of key importance, specific to cancer: generation of distinct cell subtypes, proliferation, differentiation, progression, formation of metastases, immune and therapy resistance, cancer relapse. Many of these, and other, effects require CSC cooperation with surrounding cells, especially MSCs. Filtered non-cancer cells, especially macrophages and fibroblasts, contribute to collaborative cancer transition/integration processes. Therapy developments are mentioned as ongoing preclinical initiatives. The preliminary state of clinical medicine is presented in terms of both industrial development and future treatments. The latter will be administered to specific patients together with known drugs, with the aim of eradicating their tumor growth and metastases.

ACS Omega ◽  
2022 ◽  
Amna M. I. Rabie ◽  
Ahmed S. M. Ali ◽  
Munir A. Al-Zeer ◽  
Ahmed Barhoum ◽  
Salwa EL-Hallouty ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  
Lingjiao Meng ◽  
Sheng Chang ◽  
Yang Sang ◽  
Pingan Ding ◽  
Liuxin Wang ◽  

Abstract Background A growing body of evidence indicates that abnormal expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) plays a crucial role by acting as molecular sponges of microRNAs (miRNAs) in various diseases, including cancer. In this study, we explored whether circCCDC85A could function as a miR-550a-5p sponge and influence breast cancer progression. Methods We detected the expression of circCCDC85A in breast cancer tissues and cells using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). CCK-8 and colony formation assay were used to detect the proliferative ability of breast cancer cells. Wound healing assay and transwell migration and invasion assays were used to detect the migrative and invasive abilities of breast cancer cells. We also examined the interactions between circCCDC85A and miR-550a-5p using FISH, RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP), and luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, we performed luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and Western blot to confirm the direct targeting of miR-550a-5p to MOB1A. Results The expression of circCCDC85A in breast cancer tissues was obviously lower than that in normal breast tissues. Over-expression of circCCDC85A substantially inhibited the proliferative, migrative, and invasive ability of breast cancer cells, while knocking down of circCCDC85A enhanced the aforementioned properties of breast cancer cells. Moreover, enforced expression of circCCDC85A inhibits the oncogenic activity of miR-550a-5p and increases the expression of MOB1A targeted by miR-550a-5p. Further molecular mechanism research showed that circCCDC85A may act as a molecular sponge for miR-550a-5p, thus restoring miR-550a-5p-mediated targeting repression of tumor suppressor MOB1A in breast cancer cells. Conclusion Our findings provide novel evidence that circCCDC85A inhibits the progression of breast cancer by functioning as a molecular sponge of miR-550a-5p to enhance MOB1A expression.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Li Geng ◽  
Zhongqiu Wang ◽  
Yongju Tian

Abstract Background Ovarian cancer is a common gynecological malignant disease in women. Our work aimed to study the specific functions of ZNF252P antisense RNA 1 (ZNF252P-AS1) in ovarian cancer. Methods ZNF252P-AS1, miR-324-3p, and lymphocyte antigen 6 family member K (LY6K) expression were analyzed by bioinformatics tools in ovarian cancer tissues and was quantified by qRT-PCR in ovarian cancer cells. The effect of ZNF252P-AS1 knockdown, miR-324-3p suppression, and LY6K over-expression on apoptosis, cell viability, invasion, migration, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) was determined in vitro by using colony formation and EdU assays, flow cytometry, transwell assay, and Western blot. The interactions between ZNF252P-AS1 and miR-324-3p and between miR-324-3p and LY6K were validated by luciferase assays. The effects of restraining ZNF252P-AS1 in vivo were studied using BALB/c male nude mice. Results ZNF252P-AS1 and LY6K levels were up-regulated, while miR-324-3p was declined in ovarian cancer tissues and cells. ZNF252P-AS1 knockdown reduced ovarian cancer cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and EMT, whereas promoted its apoptosis. Besides, ZNF252P-AS1 interacted with miR-324-3p and reversely regulated its level, and miR-324-3p was directly bound to LY6K and negatively regulated its expression. Moreover, ZNF252P-AS1 knockdown reversed the effect of miR-324-3p on cancer cell apoptosis, growth, migration, invasion, and EMT. Similar results were discovered in the rescue experiments between miR-324-3p and LY6K. Additionally, mouse models in vivo experiments further validated that ZNF252P-AS1 knockdown distinctly inhibited tumor growth. Conclusion ZNF252P-AS1 mediated miR-324-3p/LY6K signaling to facilitate progression of ovarian cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 85-98
K. Jakubowska ◽  
M. Koda ◽  
W. Kisielewski ◽  
K. Lomperta ◽  
M. Grudzińska ◽  

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide. Immune response is appear to be inseparable component of each part of tumorigenesis. Moreover, several studies have shown that some populations of neutrophils, called tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) can be also actively involved in the tumor growth, anggenesis and development of the distant metastases in various cancer tissues.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 208
Jie-Ning Li ◽  
Pai-Sheng Chen ◽  
Ching-Feng Chiu ◽  
Yu-Jhen Lyu ◽  
Chiao Lo ◽  

TAR (HIV-1) RNA binding protein 2 (TARBP2) is an RNA-binding protein participating in cytoplasmic microRNA processing. Emerging evidence has shown the oncogenic role of TARBP2 in promoting cancer progression, making it an unfavorable prognosis marker for breast cancer. Hypoxia is a hallmark of the tumor microenvironment which induces hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) for transcriptional regulation. HIF-1α is prone to be rapidly destabilized by the ubiquitination–proteasomal degradation system. In this study, we found that TARBP2 expression is significantly correlated with induced hypoxia signatures in human breast cancer tissues. At a cellular level, HIF-1α protein level was maintained by TARBP2 under either normoxia or hypoxia. Mechanistically, TARBP2 enhanced HIF-1α protein stability through preventing its proteasomal degradation. In addition, downregulation of multiple E3 ligases targeting HIF-1α (VHL, FBXW7, TRAF6) and reduced ubiquitination of HIF-1α were also induced by TARBP2. In support of our clinical findings that TARBP2 is correlated with tumor hypoxia, our IHC staining showed the positive correlation between HIF-1α and TARBP2 in human breast cancer tissues. Taken together, this study indicates the regulatory role of TARBP2 in the ubiquitination–proteasomal degradation of HIF-1α protein in breast cancer.

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