Multiple Ulcers
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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 419-421
Author(s):  
Fatima Azzahra Elgaitibi ◽  
Soumaya Hamich ◽  
Noureddine Mahiou

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon systemic disease characterized by the infiltration of one organ or more by Langerhans cells. Its clinical presentation is heterogeneous and depends on the affected organs. We report the rare case of a 43-year-old female presenting herself with central diabetes insipidus and receiving nasal desmopressin spray. Later, the patient developed multiple papules and pustules progressing to multiple ulcers affecting the retroauricular and axillary folds, as well as the oral and genital mucosas. The skin lesions had been evolving for several months. A histopathological examination of a skin biopsy confirmed the clinical suspicion of LCH.


Author(s):  
Shahrizan Majid Binti Allapitchai

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, predominantly affecting the skin and peripheral nerves. Lucio phenomenon is a rare reactional state presenting in patient with lepromatous leprosy and described as acute cutaneous necrotising vasculitis. We discussed the case of a 38-year-old male patient presenting with oedematous and dusky discolouration of bilateral hands and feet associated with diffuse facial involvement. His skin condition gradually worsened to form multiple ulcers with bizarre shaped purpuric lesion over bilateral upper and lower limbs, trunk, and face. Histopathological examination of the skin biopsy showed multiple acid-fast bacilli and diagnosis of Lucio’s phenomenon was made in the background of lepromatous leprosy. He was treated with multi drug therapy (MDT) as recommended by the WHO guidelines. A better understanding of rarer manifestation of this illness is important for early diagnosis and to prevent significant morbidity associated with it.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue-2: 2021 Page: S20


Author(s):  
Javier Bueno ◽  
Laura García-Martínez ◽  
Susana Redecillas ◽  
Oscar Segarra ◽  
Manuel López

Abstract Background The Serial Transverse Enteroplasty Procedure (STEP) Registry has reported a 47% success to achieve enteral autonomy in pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS). We have performed the STEP with a technical modification (MSTEP) consisting in stapler application without mesenteric defects that can also be applied to the duodenum. Our experience with this technique is described. Materials and Methods In this study, 16 children with SBS underwent MSTEP (2005–2019). Indications were nutritional autonomy achievement (n = 11, with duodenal lengthening in 5/11) and bacterial overgrowth treatment (n = 5). Results With a median follow-up of 5.8 years (0.7–13.7 years), 5 of 11 (45%) patients achieved enteral autonomy, 4 of them with duodenal lengthening. Four of four who preserved > 50% colon, while only one of seven with < 50% of colon achieved enteral autonomy (p < 0.05). After redo procedures, three of four attained enteral autonomy. Thus, 8 of 11 (73%) progressed to enteral autonomy, including all with duodenal lengthening. One child, already parenteral nutrition free, died due to central line sepsis. All the patients from the bacterial translocation group improved their metabolic/nutritional status, but one required subsequent enterectomy of the lengthened intestine due to multiple ulcers in the staple lines. Conclusion The effectiveness of MSTEP to achieve enteral autonomy seems similar to the classical STEP. It can be applied to the duodenum. The retained colon length may influence the post-STEP enteral autonomy achievement.


2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 96-96

This operation is the best type of surgical intervention for fresh burns of the esophagus and stomach. In older calloused, perforating gastric ulcers, especially those lying closer to the cardia, as well as in case of multiple ulcers and severe bleeding it is equal to resection in its therapeutic value, especially in severely weakened patients.


Author(s):  
Maynie Bambi Lugasan ◽  
Jennifer Aileen Tangtatco ◽  
Karla Phoebe Castaños ◽  
Andrea Isabel Contreras

2020 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Al-Qaraghuli AMS ◽  
Abdel Wahab EMN ◽  
Al-Ani IM ◽  
Faisal GG

Introduction: Xiang Sha Yang Wei Wan (XSYWW) is a Chinese traditional medicine that is used for gastrointestinal disorders, specifically gastric ulcer in many countries of South-East Asia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effects of XSYWW on ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats by means of histological Study. On a similar basis of treatment, ranitidine, a conventional medication was used as gold standard. Methods: Fifty five male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 gm) were divided into four groups. Group I (ethanol treated group) was the control group and gastric ulcers were induced by administering 100% ethanol (1 ml/200 g). Group II (Pre-treatment group) was divided into two subgroups; they were orally fed with 1.0 gm/kg and 2.0 gm/kg respectively of XSYWW solution. Thirty minutes later they were administered with absolute ethanol as in group I. Group III, was given an oral dose of 2gm/kg of XSYWW solution after one hour of ethanol administration. Group IV was given an oral dose of 200mg/kg ranitidine solution after one hour of ethanol administration. Five rats from groups I, III and IV were sacrificed on day 1, 2 and 3 while the animals of group II were sacrificed one hour after ethanol administration. Results: Histological study of the stomachs from ethanol treated rats showed multiple ulcers of various depths that reached the muscularis and the serosa. Conclusion: Pre or post-treated rats with XSYWW showed that XSYWW has protective effect against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesion. However, there was a faster and more complete healing process in the ranitidine treated group when compared to the XSYWW treated subjects.


2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Youhong Fang ◽  
Weizhong Gu ◽  
Youyou Luo ◽  
Jie Chen

Abstract Background SLCO2A1 was recently reported to cause nonspecific ulcers at small bowel, it was named as chronic enteropathy associated with SLCO2A1 (CEAS). It was rarely reported beyond the Japanese population. Case presentation A 4-year-5-month old girl presented with intractable anemia since 1-year-3-month. Her stool occult blood test was positive and the result of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. She was considered as obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. The magnetic resonance enterography and ultrasound of small intestinal revealed segmental thickening of small bowel. The capsule endoscopy detected ulcers, erosion and slightly stenosis near the site of junction of jejunum and ileum. She was considered chronic non-specific multiple ulcers of the small intestine and was advised to have whole exon sequencing. She was treated with exclusive enteral nutrition and iron supplement for two months. However, she was not responsive to this treatment, then she had three doses of infliximab. At the same time, the next-generation sequencing of this patient revealed two novel compound heterozygous mutations in SLCO2A1. She was diagnosed with CEAS and was treated with oral mercaptopurine. Her hemoglobin level was stable and the serum albumin level was slightly decreased during the follow up. Conclusion CEAS may present as nonspecific small bowel ulcers, and misinterpret as small bowel Crohn’s disease. Genetic tests may help with the precise diagnosis of small bowel ulcers.


2020 ◽  
Vol 70 (11) ◽  
pp. 899-905
Author(s):  
Hirofumi Watanabe ◽  
Yuto Yamazaki ◽  
Fumiyoshi Fujishima ◽  
Yusuke Ohashi ◽  
Hirofumi Imoto ◽  
...  

2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jung Yeon Joo ◽  
Jin Min Cho ◽  
In Hyuk Yoo ◽  
Hye Ran Yang

Abstract Background: While Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) ulcers has declined recently, H. pylori-negative and/or gastrotoxic drug-negative peptic ulcers (HNGN-PU) has increased. This study aimed to analyze the etiology of peptic ulcers in children and the differences in clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, and histopathologic findings of peptic ulcers according to etiology, including eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EoGE).Methods: In total, 255 children (157 boys and 98 girls) with peptic ulcers were recruited. The subjects were categorized into 5 groups according to the etiology of the ulcer: 1) H. pylori infection (n = 51); 2) gastrotoxic drugs (n = 18); 3) idiopathic (n = 144); 4) systemic disease (n = 23); 5) EoGE (n = 19). Clinical data were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.Results: Age at diagnosis, ulcer recurrence, atopic dermatitis history, white blood cell count, blood eosinophil count, platelet count, serum albumin level, iron level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein level differed significantly among the 5 groups (all p < 0.05). Regarding endoscopic findings, multiple ulcers and gastric mucosal nodularity differed among the 5 groups (all p < 0.05). When comparing the EoGE ulcer group with the others, EoGE group revealed older ages (p = 0.022), higher rates of ulcer recurrence (p = 0.018), atopic dermatitis history (p = 0.001), and both blood and tissue eosinophilia (both p = 0.001).Conclusions: EoGE ulcers constituted 10.2% of HNGN-PU in pediatric patients. In children with HNGN-PU, peripheral eosinophilia, ulcer recurrence, and atopic dermatitis history might imply EoGE, necessitating thorough investigation of tissue eosinophils during endoscopic biopsy.Trial registration: A total of 255 children was retrospectively registered between between July 2003 and April 2017.


2020 ◽  
Vol 48 (5) ◽  
pp. 030006052092237
Author(s):  
Chiao-Wen Cheng ◽  
Cheng-Min Feng ◽  
Chian Sem Chua

Amebiasis is a frequently occurring parasitic infection in South East Asia. We present a case of a 54-year-old man with right lower quadrant abdominal pain that persisted for longer than 1 year. He had been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease in Indonesia. His abdominal pain persisted, despite therapy, and he visited Malaysia for transnational medical advice. Abdominal ultrasound showed fatty liver, gallbladder polyps, and a small left renal stone. Colonoscopy showed multiple ulcers in the cecum and a histopathological examination confirmed amebic infection of the cecum. The colonic ulcers subsided after anti-amebic treatment. This case highlights the need to consider the differential diagnosis of amebic colitis in patients presenting with manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease, especially in patients who live in or have traveled to endemic areas.


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