Health And Safety
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Denny Agustiningsih ◽  
Meida Sofyana ◽  
Santosa Budiharjo ◽  
Sri Awalia Febriana ◽  
Hikmawati Nurokhmanti ◽  

(1) Background: Neglected occupational health and safety aspects in batik industries cause their workers to have an increased risk of lead exposure. The effect of occupational lead exposure on neurocognitive performance is inconclusive. Therefore, we conducted an observational study to examine the difference in simple reaction time between lead-exposed batik workers and non-exposed referents. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in seven batik enterprises in Lendah District, Indonesia, excluding workers with medical conditions impairing reaction time. Simple reaction time tests were conducted using an online tool. Two-way model ANCOVAs examined interactions between gender and job types on the mean differences in reaction time. (3) Results: After controlling for age and body mass index, we observed longer reaction times among lead-exposed batik workers than non-exposed referents with an adjusted mean difference of 0.19 (95% CI: 0.016–0.368) seconds. A more prominent detrimental effect of lead exposure on reaction time among female workers than among male workers was observed. (4) Conclusions: Our results suggest that occupational lead exposure could contribute to longer reaction time, notably among female workers. Thus, occupational health and safety precautions are vital to protect batik workers and preserve their important contributions to cultural heritage.

Olga Costa ◽  
João Matias ◽  
Carina Pimentel

Background: This study was conducted to demonstrate the importance of occupational health and safety (OHS) management in construction project environments, taking into account the successful development of those projects. The associated problems in OHS management projects were also studied, as substantial empirical research has shown this is a complex theme with a large number of associated factors. Methods: In this study three projects developed in the Portuguese petrochemical industry were analysed using documentary analysis, on-going interaction with workers and direct observations of work activity. A systematic literature review was also carried out. Results: Strengths and weaknesses related to OHS management of the three analysed projects were identified. Grounded on the case studies results a proposal of OHS management in construction projects, in a recommendations format, is also presented. Conclusion: Good results from OHS management in projects can be obtained as long as it is focused on success factors such as: top management commitment; line responsibility; involvement of all employees and, mainly, of direct and indirect managers. Well-defined OHS responsibilities; a well sized and structured organization and the creation of an honest, healthy, motivating and useful OHS environment team with a competent and dynamic coordinator leader are also important success factors.

2021 ◽  
pp. 030981682110615
Alan Hall

Studies in several national jurisdictions have highlighted the limitations of joint health and safety committees and worker representatives in affecting change in working conditions. Using Canadian data, this article focuses on the argument that many health and safety committees and worker representatives have been captured or substantially controlled through the State’s promotion of an internal responsibility system framed around a technocratic partnership. The historical development of this framing is first understood within a political economic framework which highlights several major influences, followed by a field theory analysis which explains how these control relations are established by management within workplace settings.

2021 ◽  
pp. 263380762110582
Marcella Siqueira Cassiano ◽  
Fatih Ozturk ◽  
Rosemary Ricciardelli

Prisons are poorly ventilated confined spaces with limited physical distancing opportunities, making an environment conducive to the spread of infectious diseases. Based on empirical research with correctional officer recruits in Canada, we analyze the reasons and sources of fear, and the measures that recruits adopt to counter their fear of contagion. Our study marks an advance in the correctional work literature, which, to date, has tended to view perceived contagion risks as a workplace challenge that can be overcome with occupational skill and experience. In contrast with the existing literature, we present fear and perceived contagion risk as an “operational stress injury” that affects all correctional officers; a structural occupational health and safety problem that needs redressing from the labor policy perspective.

Patrick McGuinn ◽  
Conor Buggy ◽  
Anne Drummond ◽  
Penpatra Sripaiboonkij

Background: Workers who are exposed to high levels of noise should consider wearing HPDs when elimination of noise cannot be put in place. There are several factors including health and safety management systems, peers and policy that could influence workers to either use or not use HPDs. Objectives: To determine worker’s perception of noise risk in a mining setting and to determine if there is an association between organisational rules, knowledge, and the wearing of Hearing Protection Devices (HPDs). Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted at a mining setting in Ireland in which 116 workers participated; a self-administered questionnaire survey was used. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics and binary regression analysis. Results: The study had a response rate of 94% of the entire population. The mean exposure to noise levels that require HPDs is 5.32 hours. The results showed an association between using HPDs and organisation rules; and no association between preventing abnormal hearing, perceived influences in the workplace, knowledge and information. Conclusion: Factors that can influence workers likelihood to wear HPDs are organisation rules; this is unaffected by the influence of colleagues. Each company should have a clear policy to encourage workers to wear HPDs for preventing Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Application: The findings highlighted that a company’s health and safety policy is important to encourage employees to wear HPDs. Mine settings or noisy workplaces should have transparent policies for employees to follow and benefit their hearing health, even if an employee is not aware of the full content of a policy, aspects are known.

KYAMC Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 138-141
Md Kafil Uddin ◽  
Muhammad Zubaidur Rahman ◽  
Md Nasir Uddin Gazi ◽  
Md Mizanur Rahman ◽  
Manasi Saha ◽  

Background: Homicide is the significant issues of major public health crisis in relation to health and safety of all individuals. The number of homicide is increasing in Bangladesh at alarming rate day by day. Objectives:Considering this context, we aimed to study and explore the demography of homicidal deaths occurred at Rajshahi districtin 2020. Materials and methods: The statistics presented here isbased on the post-mortem of the dead bodies that were submitted from different police station in the Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology (DFMT) at Rajshahi Medical College. This present data based on the observed mark which might be analogous with corresponding manner of homicide. Results: A total 37 homicides were occurred in January 2020 to December 2020. Among them, 59% were male and 41% were female. Almost 50% victims were between 16 and 30 years old. Maximum of the male victims were farmer in profession, whereas all of the females were house wife. Surprisingly, 24% cases were from area of Charghat police station. Conclusion: The overall situation suggests taking proper action that may decrease the homicidal deaths. KYAMC Journal. 2021;12(3): 138-141

Fandita Tonyka Maharani ◽  
Zena Lynch

Introduction: In 2009, UNESCO declared Batik Indonesia as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. This study examines the occupational health and safety hazards and risks that arise in a Batik company based on a case example of a Batik company in Surakarta, Indonesia. In Indonesia, Batik is categorized as traditional attire. Two kinds of Batik are produced - Batik tulis (traditionally handcrafted) and Batik printing, which uses specific printing tools. The UK Health Safety Executive (HSE) risk assessment framework is referred to in this study, which consists of: hazard identification, population exposure, risk evaluation, precaution development, recording findings, and regular appraisal of systems. Methods: Both observation and interviews (of workers) at the Batik company were utilized for this study as well as an independent risk assessment. Results: The findings highlighted physical, ergonomic, chemical, mechanical, and biological hazards, originating from the materials, tools, and working methods utilized in the batik production. Conclusion: Many of the issues highlighted by this study can be addressed via in-depth risk assessment, using the POPMAR model to frame the activities. This approach can create a positive pathway, leading to a continuous cycle of improvement which puts the workers’ health at the forefront of the business activities.Keywords: Batik, workers, hazard identification, HSE Model, risk management

Khaerani Suci Lestari ◽  
Aditya Fadilah Muhamad ◽  
Arif Susanto ◽  
Edi Karyono Putro ◽  
John Charles Wilmot ◽  

Introduction: In the era of the Covid-19 pandemic, psychosocial issues as part of health and safety have become a popular mental health issue, particularly among gold and copper miners. This situation has led some companies to fire their unskilled and unproductive workers to minimize the production costs. However, there is no specific regulation for the workers that could be a barrier of this unpredicted situation. This condition mostly becomes a negative stressor for the workers at the jobsite. At some point, it develops to a critical health and safety condition known as risky and unhealthy behavior that brings to fatality. The aim of this research is to analyze the psychosocial risk factors that adversely affect the psychology of copper and gold mining workers during the pandemic. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with COPSOQ III, used to identify factors contributing to workers’ psychology, while Dolan & Arsenault’s questionnaire was used to analyze stress symptoms, with a Cronbach α value of 0.83-0.84. Results: Multivariate tests were conducted on the variables of work experience, body mass index, marital status, emotional demands, vertical trust, and organizational justice. Significance values were obtained for the variables of work experience (0.590 body mass index (0.517), marital status (0.122), emotional demands (0.187), vertical trust (0.000), and organizational justice (0.119). Of the six variables, only vertical trusthad a significant value. Conclusion: Psychological risk factors on copper and gold mining workers during the pandemic are only influenced by a vertical trust.Keywords: COPSOQ III, leadership, pandemic, psychosocial, vertical trust

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (12) ◽  
Bayu Ilham Pradana ◽  
Pusvita Yuana ◽  
Risca Fitri Ayuni ◽  
Annisa Maharani Amir ◽  
Aisha Karunia Kartika

COVID-19 occurred in early 2020 which led to social restrictions, physical distancing, and even large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) in Malang City. This impact has massively shattered the social and economic foundations of Indonesia. This research is aimed to investigate the impact of health surveillance trust, perceived safety and restaurant brand, solidarity with the food services towards revisiting intention, intention to visit other restaurants, and word of mouth through satisfaction in Malang restaurants. Two hundred and fifty respondents participated in this study. To achieve the aim of this study, SmartPLS3 software was used. The research method used is a survey through the distribution of questionnaires. Survey results through questionnaires were inputted, tabulated, and processed for later analysis using SmartPLS3 software. As predicted, health surveillance trust, perceived safety and restaurant brand, solidarity with the food services had a significant effect on satisfaction. In addition, the effect of satisfaction on revisit intention, intention to visit other restaurants, and word of mouth has been proven in this study. From a practical standpoint, it is obvious that to help restaurants survive, the government and the community can work together to build empathy and solidarity with the restaurants as well as comply with health and safety protocols.

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