scholarly journals Associations between long-term exposure to low-level air pollution and risk of chronic kidney disease—findings from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort

2022 ◽  
Vol 160 ◽  
pp. 107085
Yiyi Xu ◽  
Eva M Andersson ◽  
Hanne Krage Carlsen ◽  
Peter Molnár ◽  
Susanna Gustafsson ◽  
2016 ◽  
Vol 2016 (1) ◽  
Szu-Ying Chen* ◽  
Da-Chen Chu ◽  
Jui-Huan Lee ◽  
Chang-Chuan Chan

2020 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 55-60
Khabib Barnoev ◽  
Sherali Toshpulatov ◽  
Nozima Babajanova ◽  

The article presents the results of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of antiaggregant therapy on the functional status of the kidneys in 115 patients with stage II and III chronic kidney disease on the basis of a comparative study of dipyridamole and allthrombosepin. Studies have shown that long-term administration of allthrombosepin to patients has led to improved renal function.

2020 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-54
Khabib Barnoev ◽  

The article presents the results of a study to assess the functional reserve of the kidneys against the background of a comparative study of antiaggregant therapy dipyridamole and allthrombosepin in 50 patients with a relatively early stage of chronic kidney disease. Studies have shown that long-term administration of allthrombosepin to patients has resulted in better maintenance of kidney functional reserves. Therefore, our research has once again confirmed that diphtheridamol, which is widely used as an antiaggregant drug in chronic kidney disease, does not lag behind the domestic raw material allthrombosepin

2018 ◽  
Vol 21 (6) ◽  
pp. 1142-1149 ◽  
Meghan J. Elliott ◽  
Joanna E. M. Sale ◽  
Zahra Goodarzi ◽  
Linda Wilhelm ◽  
Andreas Laupacis ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 96 (1) ◽  
pp. 40-51 ◽  
Massini A. Merzkani ◽  
Aleksandar Denic ◽  
Ramya Narasimhan ◽  
Camden L. Lopez ◽  
Joseph J. Larson ◽  

John R. Prowle ◽  
Lui G. Forni ◽  
Max Bell ◽  
Michelle S. Chew ◽  
Mark Edwards ◽  

AbstractPostoperative acute kidney injury (PO-AKI) is a common complication of major surgery that is strongly associated with short-term surgical complications and long-term adverse outcomes, including increased risk of chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular events and death. Risk factors for PO-AKI include older age and comorbid diseases such as chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus. PO-AKI is best defined as AKI occurring within 7 days of an operative intervention using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definition of AKI; however, additional prognostic information may be gained from detailed clinical assessment and other diagnostic investigations in the form of a focused kidney health assessment (KHA). Prevention of PO-AKI is largely based on identification of high baseline risk, monitoring and reduction of nephrotoxic insults, whereas treatment involves the application of a bundle of interventions to avoid secondary kidney injury and mitigate the severity of AKI. As PO-AKI is strongly associated with long-term adverse outcomes, some form of follow-up KHA is essential; however, the form and location of this will be dictated by the nature and severity of the AKI. In this Consensus Statement, we provide graded recommendations for AKI after non-cardiac surgery and highlight priorities for future research.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Pablo E. Pergola ◽  
Diogo Belo ◽  
Paul Crawford ◽  
Moustafa Moustafa ◽  
Wenli Luo ◽  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> Ferric citrate (FC) is indicated as an oral iron replacement for iron deficiency anemia in adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not on dialysis. The recommended starting dose is one 1-g tablet three times daily (TID). This study investigated long-term efficacy and safety of different FC dosing regimens for treating anemia in nondialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD). <b><i>Methods:</i></b> In this phase 4, randomized, open-label, multicenter study, patients with anemia with NDD-CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate, ≥20 mL/min and &#x3c;60 mL/min) were randomized 1:1 to one FC tablet (1-g equivalent to 210 mg ferric iron) TID (3 g/day) or 2 tablets twice daily (BID; 4 g/day). At week 12, dosage was increased to 2 tablets TID (6 g/day) or 3 tablets BID (6 g/day) in patients whose hemoglobin (Hb) levels increased &#x3c;0.5 g/dL or were &#x3c;10 g/dL. Primary endpoint was mean change in Hb from baseline to week 24. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Of 484 patients screened, 206 were randomized and 205 received FC. Mean (standard deviation) changes from baseline in Hb at week 24 were 0.77 (0.84) g/dL with FC TID 3 g/day and 0.70 (0.98) g/dL with FC BID 4 g/day. <b><i>Discussion/Conclusions:</i></b> FC administered BID and TID for 48 weeks was safe and effective for treating anemia in this population, supporting potentially increased dosing flexibility.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Maren Goetz ◽  
Mitho Müller ◽  
Raphael Gutsfeld ◽  
Tjeerd Dijkstra ◽  
Kathrin Hassdenteufel ◽  

AbstractWomen with complications of pregnancy such as preeclampsia and preterm birth are at risk for adverse long-term outcomes, including an increased future risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). This observational cohort study aimed to examine the risk of CKD after preterm delivery and preeclampsia in a large obstetric cohort in Germany, taking into account preexisting comorbidities, potential confounders, and the severity of CKD. Statutory claims data of the AOK Baden-Wuerttemberg were used to identify women with singleton live births between 2010 and 2017. Women with preexisting conditions including CKD, ESKD, and kidney replacement therapy (KRT) were excluded. Preterm delivery (< 37 gestational weeks) was the main exposure of interest; preeclampsia was investigated as secondary exposure. The main outcome was a newly recorded diagnosis of CKD in the claims database. Data were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression models. The time-dependent occurrence of CKD was analyzed for four strata, i.e., births with (i) neither an exposure of preterm delivery nor an exposure of preeclampsia, (ii) no exposure of preterm delivery but exposure of at least one preeclampsia, (iii) an exposure of at least one preterm delivery but no exposure of preeclampsia, or (iv) joint exposure of preterm delivery and preeclampsia. Risk stratification also included different CKD stages. Adjustments were made for confounding factors, such as maternal age, diabetes, obesity, and dyslipidemia. The cohort consisted of 193,152 women with 257,481 singleton live births. Mean observation time was 5.44 years. In total, there were 16,948 preterm deliveries (6.58%) and 14,448 births with at least one prior diagnosis of preeclampsia (5.61%). With a mean age of 30.51 years, 1,821 women developed any form of CKD. Compared to women with no risk exposure, women with a history of at least one preterm delivery (HR = 1.789) and women with a history of at least one preeclampsia (HR = 1.784) had an increased risk for any subsequent CKD. The highest risk for CKD was found for women with a joint exposure of preterm delivery and preeclampsia (HR = 5.227). These effects were the same in magnitude only for the outcome of mild to moderate CKD, but strongly increased for the outcome of severe CKD (HR = 11.90). Preterm delivery and preeclampsia were identified as independent risk factors for all CKD stages. A joint exposure or preterm birth and preeclampsia was associated with an excessive maternal risk burden for CKD in the first decade after pregnancy. Since consequent follow-up policies have not been defined yet, these results will help guide long-term surveillance for early detection and prevention of kidney disease, especially for women affected by both conditions.

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (14) ◽  
pp. 3617
Fabrizio Fabrizi ◽  
Roberta Cerutti ◽  
Carlo M. Alfieri ◽  
Ezequiel Ridruejo

Chronic kidney disease is a major public health issue globally and the risk of cancer (including HCC) is greater in patients on long-term dialysis and kidney transplant compared with the general population. According to an international study on 831,804 patients on long-term dialysis, the standardized incidence ratio for liver cancer was 1.2 (95% CI, 1.0–1.4) and 1.5 (95% CI, 1.3–1.7) in European and USA cohorts, respectively. It appears that important predictors of HCC in dialysis population are hepatotropic viruses (HBV and HCV) and cirrhosis. 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates are lower in HCC patients on long-term dialysis than those with HCC and intact kidneys. NAFLD is a metabolic disease with increasing prevalence worldwide and recent evidence shows that it is an important cause of liver-related and extra liver-related diseases (including HCC and CKD, respectively). Some longitudinal studies have shown that patients with chronic hepatitis B are aging and the frequency of comorbidities (such as HCC and CKD) is increasing over time in these patients; it has been suggested to connect these patients to an appropriate care earlier. Antiviral therapy of HBV and HCV plays a pivotal role in the management of HCC in CKD and some combinations of DAAs (elbasvir/grazoprevir, glecaprevir/pibrentasvir, sofosbuvir-based regimens) are now available for HCV positive patients and advanced chronic kidney disease. The interventional management of HCC includes liver resection. Some ablative techniques have been suggested for HCC in CKD patients who are not appropriate candidates to surgery. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization has been proposed for HCC in patients who are not candidates to liver surgery due to comorbidities. The gold standard for early-stage HCC in patients with chronic liver disease and/or cirrhosis is still liver transplant.

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