Establishing an Equivalent Circuit of a Quasihomogeneous Discharge Atmospheric-Pressure Plasma Jet with a Breakdown-Voltage-Controlled Breaker and Power-Supply Circuit

Shih-Sen Huang ◽  
Hsing-Che Tsai ◽  
Jerry Chang ◽  
Po-Chun Huang ◽  
Yun-Chien Cheng ◽  

Abstract To simulate the I-V diagram of plasma homogeneous and filamentary discharge with equivalent circuit model more accurately, this study employed a breaker and passive circuit components and calculated the discharge parameters, such as equivalent discharge resistances and potential distribution etc., in atmospheric-pressure plasma jet (APPJ). In addition, this study calculated the gas-gap and dielectric capacitances of the APPJ and added a power supply equivalent circuit. Compared with other circuit models that adopted switches or a time-controlled current source to simulate the discharges, our present circuit model used a breakdown-voltage-controlled breaker for the homogeneous discharge and resistors with high-frequency switches for the filamentary discharge. We employed potential simulation to obtain the equivalent dielectric capacitance in the APPJ and then derived the gas-gap capacitance. We also replaced the ideal sine wave power supply with the equivalent circuit of the common double-peak-waveform power supply. The MATLAB Simulink was used to construct an equivalent circuit model and the discharge area ratio, breakdown voltage and filamentary equivalent resistance were obtained via I-V waveform fitting. We measured the plasma I-V waveform with a 20-kHz frequency, various voltages (6, 12, and 15 kV), a gas flow rate of 30 SLM, and two types of gas (Ar and He). The simulated and experimental I-V waveforms were very close under different conditions. In summary, the proposed equivalent circuit model more meaningfully describes the plasma physics to simulate homogenous and filamentary discharge, achieving results that were compatible with our experimental observations. The findings can help with investigating plasma discharge mechanisms and full-model simulations of plasma.

Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (17) ◽  
pp. 2119
Chi-Feng Su ◽  
Chih-Tung Liu ◽  
Jong-Shinn Wu ◽  
Ming-Tzu Ho

This paper presents the design and implementation of a miniaturized high-voltage power supply with power factor correction (PFC) for atmospheric-pressure plasma jet (APPJ) applications. The sinusoidal output frequency and voltage of the power supply can be controlled independently from 16 to 24 kHz and from 1 to 10 kVpeak, respectively. A helium APPJ load is used to assess the performance of the developed power supply. It is shown that the developed high-voltage power supply operates effectively, and the designed PFC converter improves the input current distortion of the power supply. Not only the power factor of the power supply is increased from 0.41 to 0.95, but it also provides a low-ripple DC voltage, which reduces the high-voltage ripple of the output from 730 to 50 Vp-p. In this paper, the proposed design integrates the PFC converter into the high-voltage power supply so that the developed power supply has better electrical characteristics and the overall power supply can be significantly miniaturized.

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. S1-S14
Hom Bahadur Baniya ◽  
Rajesh Prakash Guragain ◽  
Binod Baniya ◽  
Deepak Prasad Subedi

The cold plasma technology is gaining popularity as one of the most effective tools for a wide range of applications. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet (CAPPJ) has attracted considerable attention in recent times for materials processing such as surface modification and biomedical applications. The cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet sustained in pure argon has been used here to modify the surface properties of polypropylene. CAPPJ has been generated by a high voltage power supply 5 kV at an operating frequency of 20 kHz. This paper reports the diagnostics of CAPPJ in argon environment by electrical and optical methods and its application in the surface modification of polypropylene (PP). The surface properties of the untreated and plasma-treated PP samples were characterized by contact angle measurements, surface free energy determination, scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis. Most of the previous work has used RF power supply which is more expensive compared to the power supply used in the present study. The plasma jet is designed with locally available materials and can be used for continuous treatment for long time. We have successfully developed a plasma device that is able to generate a non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure argon plasma jet of low temperature. Therefore, a cost-effective system of generating a plasma jet at atmospheric pressure with potential applications in materials processing and biomedical research has been developed.

Micromachines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (6) ◽  
pp. 683
Huiliang Jin ◽  
Caixue Tang ◽  
Haibo Li ◽  
Yuanhang Zhang ◽  
Yaguo Li

The continuous phase plate (CPP) is the vital diffractive optical element involved in laser beam shaping and smoothing in high-power laser systems. The high gradients, small spatial periods, and complex features make it difficult to achieve high accuracy when manufacturing such systems. A high-accuracy and high-efficiency surface topography manufacturing method for CPP is presented in this paper. The atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) system is presented and the removal characteristics are studied to obtain the optimal processing parameters. An optimized iterative algorithm based on the dwell point matrix and a fast Fourier transform (FFT) is proposed to improve the accuracy and efficiency in the dwell time calculation process. A 120 mm × 120 mm CPP surface topography with a 1326.2 nm peak-to-valley (PV) value is fabricated with four iteration steps after approximately 1.6 h of plasma processing. The residual figure error between the prescribed surface topography and plasma-processed surface topography is 28.08 nm root mean square (RMS). The far-field distribution characteristic of the plasma-fabricated surface is analyzed, for which the energy radius deviation is 11 μm at 90% encircled energy. The experimental results demonstrates the potential of the APPJ approach for the manufacturing of complex surface topographies.

2019 ◽  
Vol 675 ◽  
pp. 34-42 ◽  
Md. Mokter Hossain ◽  
Quang Hung Trinh ◽  
Duc Ba Nguyen ◽  
M.S.P. Sudhakaran ◽  
Young Sun Mok

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