Determining the Priorities of American Secondary Education A Consideration of the State of Secondary Schools

1982 ◽  
Vol 66 (453) ◽  
pp. 1-2
Author(s):  
Felicitas Acosta

This article focuses on the origins of secondary education in Argentina. Inparticular, it explores the possible relations between the modelling of educationalinstitutions intended for the formation of political elites and the fabrication of thenation-state. In Argentina, the creation of free, compulsory elementary educationwas preceded by the development of secondary education through the setting up ofthe colegio nacional. These schools were formed during the political unification ofthe national territory after domestic post-independence wars. Note the name givento these institutions: national schools. How did the nation and the state appear inthe organization of national schools? The article explores this question analyzingschool curricula and rectors’ reports during the configuration of the colegio nacionalbetween 1863 and 1890.Key words: curricula; configuration; national; territory; secondary schools.


2021 ◽  
pp. 241-255
Author(s):  
S. V. Darchieva ◽  
A. V. Darchiev

The role of the first Russian parliament in the formation and development of the education system in the country is considered. The activity of deputies on the solution of the most pressing issues in the period from 1906 to 1917 is analyzed. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the consideration of the State Duma as the most important legislative body in the creation of the educational system in Russia. The discrepancy between the interests of the authorities and society, their different understanding of the goals and objectives of objectively overdue transformations, which is reflected in the legislative activity of the State Duma is revealed. It is indicated that a significant place in the national policy of the state was occupied by issues of education and the status of national languages. It is shown that as a result of active legislative initiative and the position of deputies in the development of bills “On the introduction of universal education”, “On the reform of secondary schools”, government spending on secondary and primary education increased several times. It is noted that as a result of the activities of the deputies of the State Duma of the III convocation, significant amendments and additions were made to the bill “On higher primary schools”, which was adopted in 1912.


2020 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 80-110
Author(s):  
Aigoul Abdoubaetova

This research aims to describe how parents navigate secondary education choices in Bishkek in the context of diverse school choice options. The paper uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, which include interviews and a complementary survey with parents. The paper provides an overview of the state of school options in Bishkek, explores parental motivations in choosing schools, and engages in a wider debate about educational inequality. By examining parental school choices and motivations, the research reveals that inequality in secondary education in Bishkek is multi-layered and depends on how families can utilize their resources: parents with larger resources in the form of financial, social, and cultural capital are most advantaged, while the majority of under-resourced families are left with little choice and schools of poor quality. This state of affairs has strong implications for the growing socio-economic inequality and creates additional cleavages between social groups.


Author(s):  
Daniela Mališová ◽  
◽  
Jana Štrangfeldová ◽  

The state of Slovak education is influenced by several negative factors. In terms of human capital, we have seen the decline of pupils for demographic reasons and lack of interest in the work of teachers. This paper aims to evaluate the efficiency of secondary education on the example of selected secondary schools. The main method of the paper is multicriteria analysis. The subject of research is the efficiency of selected secondary schools. The 10 Business Academies attended by pupils aged 15-19 years and established in the Banská Bystrica and Žilina self-governing regions will be the subject of research. For the analysis we use panel data collected for the school years 2013/2014 - 2017/2018. The contribution of the paper is to create an evaluation of the efficiency of the surveyed schools and to propose solutions for schools that achieved below-average results. The findings may serve as a basis for assessing the efficiency of the Business Academies for comparison with competitors, as well as for the founders of these secondary schools.


2019 ◽  
Vol XV ◽  
pp. 355-371
Author(s):  
Larysa Platash

The article is devoted to the analysis of such urgent problem as the in-clusive education in the institutions of secondary education in Cherniv-tsi region. The importance of inclusion for Ukraine and of the participa-tion of the state in solving organizational issues of inclusive education is determined. Statistical data for the period of 2011–2019 provided by in-clusive educational institutions for pupils and children of preschool age is analyzed. The importance of establishing “fundamental” secondary schools is substantiated, the dynamics of this process in Ukraine is pre-sented. The organizational principles of inclusive resource centers’ func-tioning as important institutions, which ensure the right for education to children aged 2 to 18 years are analyzed. The dynamics of involvement of teacher’s assistants, psychologists, speech therapists, social workers, oligophrenopedagogist, defectologist is presented. In the course of sur-vey conducted within the framework of Chernivtsi City educational seminar “Special child in regular school. Inclusive education” was de-termined that the attitude practitioners working in educational institu-tions is ambiguous and depends on their level of psycholo-gical and pro-fessional readiness. The main strategies of the effectiveness of inclusive education in Ukraine are determined.


2011 ◽  
Vol 52 ◽  
Author(s):  
Antanas Apynis ◽  
Edmundas Mazėtis

The article reviews the ties between secondary schools/gymnasia and universities, and also discusses complementary mathematics education. Major attention is directed to the general mathematics curricula of general education and secondary education. A proposal of developing an integral mathematics education curriculum for gymnasium as well as withdrawing the state school graduation curriculum (by organising the examination under the general mathematics education curriculum) has been put forward.  


Author(s):  
Wenwen Wang

Background: The Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo (1932-1945) set up a specialized curriculum and published textbooks specifically for girls, with the purpose of training girls to become “good wives and wise mothers”. Over the course of the state’s existence, the regime adjusted its curriculum, following the policies and needs of the Japanese Empire. This paper assesses how the government changed the curriculum, focusing on and what kind of female roles they tried to teach to the Chinese girls. Methodology: This paper compares and analyzes the content and classroom hours of the curriculum of public women’s secondary schools in Manchuria in three periods: 1) 1926-1937, 2) 1938-1941, and 3) 1941-1945. The data of this study was collected from material published by the Fengtian Female Normal School, and the Manchukuo provincial education magazine Fengtian Education. Results: From the state’s earliest period, Manchukuo education officials emphasized females’ “natural duty” as “Good Wives, Wise Mothers.” Over time, however, they also increasingly emphasized learning the Japanese language, vocational skills, and patriotic content, in order to serve the goals of Japan during the World War II. Conclusion: Despite the consistent rhetoric which emphasized women becoming mothers, and possibly teachers, the curriculum and contents of the education changed according to the interests of the state and the needs of the war, encouraging women to serve the state by taking up some of the roles that men had played.


2009 ◽  
Vol 53 (2) ◽  
pp. 249-275
Author(s):  
Akingbolahan Adeniran

AbstractThe objective of this article is to analyse critically a government proposal to privatize the management of federally-run secondary schools in Nigeria. Although they have performed relatively well over the years, recent problems have led to a decline in academic standards in these schools. The article examines the potential merits and demerits of the proposed public-private partnership with a view to assessing whether the partnership can add value to the current public model. Although the analysis falls short of endorsing the proposed reform, the article recommends its phased implementation subject to the application of specific legal and practical considerations. It argues that there are enforceable limits to changes in secondary education policy and that the government has an obligation progressively to implement free and compulsory secondary education. It also highlights a number of practical matters meant to ensure that the best interests of any affected children will be taken into account.


1975 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 37-61
Author(s):  
L. C. Furnell

In broad terms education is available to Aboriginal children in the same way as to non-Aboriginal children. That is to say that in most settled areas there are facilities for pre-school kindergartens, primary schools, secondary schools and of course, for the whole of Western Australia there are now 2 Universities, a Technical College, and 2 Teachers’ Training Colleges. Like all other amenities, however, they are more accessible to Aboriginal pupils in certain areas of the State than in others.


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