scholarly journals Soluble CD163 and small dense LDL cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetes patients

2021 ◽  
Vol 129 (s2) ◽  
Hermina Novida ◽  
Soebagijo Adi Soelistijo ◽  
Ari Sutjahjo

Introduction: The sdLDL cholesterol proportion is a better marker for the prediction of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Macrophages play a crucial role in both the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis, the underlying mechanism of CVDs. This study investigated the correlation between soluble CD163 as a biomarker macrophage activation and sdLDL cholesterol in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects for the first time.

2018 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-21
Nilam Munakarmi ◽  
Amrit Pokharel ◽  
Om Krishna Malla ◽  
Chhabindra Lal Pradhananga

INTRODUCTION: Diabetic maculopathy is a complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was done to assess the prevalence and risk factors of Diabetic maculopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus in Nepalese patients presenting to our hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hospital-based, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the department of ophthalmology, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital (KMCTH), Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal from August, 2012 to October, 2014. 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus underwent a detailed interview and a comprehensive dilated ocular evaluation by an ophthalmologist. Diabetic maculopathy was defined according to the international classification and grading system.  RESULTS: 200 patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus included 90 men (45%) and 110 women (55%) of age ranging from 23 80 years (mean age = 56.23, median age = 57.5 and SD = 10.83). Diabetic maculopathy was detected in 22 patients (11%). The disease duration of 6 to 15 years had the highest prevalence of Diabetic maculopathy. Significant risk factors for diabetic maculopathy were higher levels of HbA1c (p = 0.005), higher values of blood pressure (p = 0.001), higher cholesterol levels (p = 0.000), higher LDL-cholesterol levels (p = 0.000), higher triglyceride levels (p = 0.000), higher creatinine values (p = 0.000), higher urea values (p = 0.000), higher FBS levels (p = 0.020), higher PPBS levels (p = 0.001) and lower hemoglobin values (p = 0.000). CONCLUSION: Significant risk factors for diabetic maculopathy were higher levels of HbA1c, higher values of blood pressure, higher cholesterol levels, higher LDL-cholesterol levels, higher triglyceride levels, higher creatinine values, higher urea values, higher FBS levels, higher PPBS levels and lower hemoglobin values. However, smoking, drinking alcohol, dietary habits, HDL and BMI contributed as insignificant risk factors.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences (2016) Vol.04 No.01 Issue 13, Page: 16-21

2015 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-36 ◽  
Lars Peter Sørensen ◽  
Tina Parkner ◽  
Esben Søndergaard ◽  
Bo Martin Bibby ◽  
Holger Jon Møller ◽  

Monocyte/macrophage-specific soluble CD163 (sCD163) concentration is associated with insulin resistance and increases with deteriorating glycemic control independently of BMI. This led to the proposal of the hypothesis that obesity-associated white adipose tissue inflammation varies between individuals. The objective was to examine the effect of male overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on associations between adiposity parameters and sCD163. A total of 23 overweight/obese non-diabetic men, 16 overweight/obese men with T2DM, and a control group of 20 normal-weight healthy men were included. Body composition and regional body fat distribution were determined by whole-body dual X-ray absorptiometry scan and abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan. Serum sCD163 concentrations were determined by ELISA. Associations between adiposity parameters and sCD163 were investigated using multiple linear regression analysis. In the normal-weight healthy men, there was no significant association between adiposity parameters and sCD163, whereas in the overweight/obese non-diabetic men, measures of general and regional adiposity were positively associated with sCD163. In the overweight/obese men with T2DM, only visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and the ratio of VAT to abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), a measure of relative body fat distribution between VAT and SAT depots, were positively associated with sCD163. In a multivariate analysis, including VAT, upper-body SAT, and lower-body fat, adjusted for BMI and age, VAT remained a significant predictor of sCD163 in the overweight/obese T2DM men, but not in the overweight/obese non-diabetic men. Our results indicate that VAT inflammation is exaggerated in men with T2DM, and that propensity to store excess body fat viscerally is particularly detrimental in men with T2DM.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 10-23
Faradea Ubaidurrohmah Savitri ◽  
Risma Andani Ayu Safitri ◽  
Wening Pangesthi Maharani ◽  
Lela Dwi Andriani ◽  

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease caused by abnormal working insulin, insulin secretion or both so that the body tends to have high glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes mellitus can cause elevated levels of LDL and cholesterol. Risks obtained by fetuses with type 2 diabetes can be in the form of macrosomia due to hyperglycemia and hyperinsulin in the body of the fetus. Insulin is the first choice pharmacological therapy for type 2 DM that can be given during pregnancy. Non-pharmacological therapy as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) on a healthy diet by increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables. Good fruit consumed for pregnant women with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 is tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L). The purpose of this study was to determine the administration of tomato extract (Solanum lycopersicum L) and insulin can affect glucose levels, LDL levels, cholesterol levels and birth weight of white wistar galur (Rattus norvegicus) pregnant women with type 2 diabetes mellitus models. experimental design using the pre post test only control group design and post test only control group design. Termination was done on the 17th day of pregnancy and then followed by measurements of LDL levels, cholesterol and birth weight. Data analysis using the One Way Anova test and Kruskal Wallis then continued with the Post Hoc test using. The results showed that there were significant differences between glucose levels, LDL levels, cholesterol levels and BW born in the insulin treatment group and the tomato juice treatment (p value = 0.00 <α = 0.05). The conclusion of giving insulin and tomato juice affects a decrease in glucose levels, LDL levels, cholesterol levels and birth weight.

2011 ◽  
Vol 57 (4) ◽  
pp. 32-36
L A Kuznetsova ◽  
S A Plesneva ◽  
O V Chistiakova ◽  
T S Sharova ◽  
M N Pertseva

This study showed for the first time the stimulating action of peptides of the insulin family, insulin-like growth factor-1, relaxin, and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the activity of the adenilate cyclase signal system (ACSS) in lymphocytes from the subjects of the control group. These hormonal effects were enhanced in the presence of guanylimidodiphosphate (GIDP). Moreover, leptin was for the first time shown to increase adenilate cyclase activity in lymphocytes from the control subjects and inhibition of this action by antibodies against leptin receptors. The patients presenting with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) showed the enhanced baseline activity of adenilate cyclase in their lymphocytes whereas its stimulation by the above hormones, both in the presence and absence of GIDP, sharply declined. The influence of leptin on adenilate cyclase activity in patients with DM2 was apparent only at its concentrations above 10–8 M; it was inhibited by antibodies to leptin receptors. The results of this study indicate that disturbances of hormonal stimulation of adenilate cyclase activity in lymphocites of diabetic patients may be due to functional defects located at the receptor level in the case of leptin and at the level of Gs protein and its coupling to adenulate cyclase in case of peptides of the insulin family and GF. These findings confirm the concept being developed by the author according to which molecular defects in the hormone-dependent ACSS system constitute one of the main causes underlying the development of DM2.

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 66-72
Angiesta Pinakesty ◽  
Restu Noor Azizah

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease that has increased from year to year. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is not caused by lack of insulin secretion, but is caused by the failure of the body's cells to respond to the hormone insulin (insulin resistance). Insulin resistance was found to be a major contributor to atherogenic dyslipidemia. Dyslipidemia in DM risks 2 to 4 times higher than non-DM. Although dyslipidemia has a great risk for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, this conventional risk factor only explains a portion (25%) of excess cardiovascular risk in type 2 DM. Discussion: In uncontrolled type 2 DM patients, LDL oxidation occurs faster which results from an increase in chronic blood glucose levels. Glycemic control as a determinant of DM progressivity is determined through HbA1c examination. HbA1c levels are associated with blood triglyceride levels. Meanwhile, triglyceride levels are associated with total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels. HbA1c levels are also associated with LDL cholesterol levels. Conclusion: There is a relationship between lipid profile and the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus.   Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, HbA1c, glycemic control, lipid profile

2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (11) ◽  
pp. 1186-1195 ◽  
Tingting Jia ◽  
Ya-nan Wang ◽  
Dongjiao Zhang ◽  
Xin Xu

Diabetes-induced advanced glycation end products (AGEs) overproduction would result in compromised osseointegration of titanium implant and high rate of implantation failure. 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25VD3) plays a vital role in osteogenesis, whereas its effects on the osseointegration and the underlying mechanism are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate that 1,25VD3 might promote the defensive ability of osseointegration through suppressing AGEs/RAGE in type 2 diabetes mellitus. In animal study, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats accepted implant surgery, with or without 1,25VD3 intervention for 12 weeks. After killing, the serum AGEs level, bone microarchitecture and biomechanical index of rats were measured systematically. In vitro study, osteoblasts differentiation capacity was analyzed by alizarin red staining, alkaline phosphatase assay and Western blotting, after treatment with BSA, AGEs, AGEs with RAGE inhibitor and AGEs with 1,25VD3. And the expression of RAGE protein was detected to explore the mechanism. Results showed that 1,25VD3 could reverse the impaired osseointegration and mechanical strength, which possibly resulted from the increased AGEs. Moreover, 1,25VD3 could ameliorate AGEs-induced damage of cell osteogenic differentiation, as well as downregulating the RAGE expression. These data may provide a theoretical basis that 1,25VD3 could work as an adjuvant treatment against poor osseointegration in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

2020 ◽  
Vol 21 (6) ◽  
pp. 2029
Fangfang Tie ◽  
Jifei Wang ◽  
Yuexin Liang ◽  
Shujun Zhu ◽  
Zhenhua Wang ◽  

Proanthocyanidins are the major active compounds extracted from Iris lactea Pall. var. Chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz (I. lactea). Proanthocyanidins exhibit a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, and lowering blood lipids. However, the underlying mechanism of its regulating effect on lipid metabolism in diabetic conditions remains unclear. The present study investigated the effects of I. lactea-derived proanthocyanidins on lipid metabolism in mice of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Results demonstrated a beneficial effect of total proanthocyanidins on dysregulated lipid metabolism and hepatic steatosis in high-fat-diet/streptozocin (STZ)-induced T2DM. To identify the mechanisms, six flavan-3-ols were isolated from proanthocyanidins of I. lacteal and their effects on adipogenesis and dexamethasone (Dex)-induced mitochondrial dysfunctions in 3T3-L1 adipocytes were determined. In vitro studies showed flavan-3-ols inhibited adipogenesis and restored mitochondrial function after Dex-induced insulin resistance, being suggested by increased mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular ATP contents, mitochondrial mass and mitochondrial biogenesis, and reduced reactive oxygen species. Among the six flavan-3-ols, procyanidin B3 and procyanidin B1 exhibited the strongest effects. Our study suggests potential of proanthocyanidins as therapeutic target for diabetes.

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