Examination of Chinese Teachers' Attitudes Towards Inclusive Education

Jun (AJ) Ai ◽  
Jihong Zhang ◽  
Eva Horn ◽  
Hao Liu ◽  
Jingjing Huang ◽  

Abstract The purpose of this study was to understand the status and influential factors of preschool teachers' attitudes towards inclusive education, given the evidence that attitudes predict successful inclusion for young children with or at risk for developmental delays or disabilities. We translated the Multidimensional Attitudes Toward Inclusive Education Scale (MATIES, Mahat, 2008) to Simplified Chinese (MATIES-C). We then administered the MATIE-C to a representative sample of in-service preschool teachers (N = 481) in Beijing, China. The confirmative factor analysis and reliability tests suggested an acceptable construct validity and internal reliability of the MATIES-C. We also found preschool teachers in Beijing held positive attitudes towards inclusion across cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions of attitudes. The ANOVA results indicate teachers' experience and knowledge about children with disabilities had statistically positive associations with favorable attitudes. Preschool area, teacher age, and educational background were also found to have a statistically significant impact on teacher attitudes.

2020 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 11
Alenezi Nouf ◽  
Alqallaf Bader ◽  
Zainab Abbas

Inclusive education has become a global trend in the provision of services for students with disabilities. While attitudes towards inclusion have been studied widely in some countries, little research in this area has been conducted in Kuwait. This study responds to this need by researching pre-service teachers’ attitudes towards inclusive education. This study examined Kuwaiti pre-service teachers’ attitudes towards including students with Moderate Learning Difficulties (MLD) in general education classrooms. Questionnaires were distributed to 452 Kuwaiti pre-service male and female teachers at the College of Basic Education. Several factors, such as teachers’ knowledge, were found to be related to pre-service teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion. The results of the study indicated that, overall, Kuwaiti pre-service teachers hold positive attitudes towards inclusion.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 58
Irene Lacruz-Pérez ◽  
Pilar Sanz-Cervera ◽  
Raúl Tárraga-Mínguez

Inclusive education is currently one of the main aspirations of the Spanish educational system and one of the key aspects for its achievement is teachers’ attitudes toward educational inclusion. In recent years, many studies worldwide have analyzed this aspect, but so far, any systematic review has specifically focused on the Spanish educational framework. For this reason, the purpose of this paper is to review the studies published from 2010 to 2019 whose aim was to analyze teachers’ attitudes towards educational inclusion in Spain. After a literature search in four different databases (PsycInfo, ERIC, Dialnet Plus, and Google Scholar), 34 studies were selected and reviewed. The results suggest that Spanish teachers’ attitudes toward educational inclusion are generally positive, although in some cases they are ambiguous. Teachers’ attitudes are mainly influenced by the amount of training and their contact or not with students with special educational needs. The discussion highlights that more studies with a greater methodological diversity are required in order to provide a complete analysis of teachers’ attitudes toward inclusion and that teacher training is one of the best tools to generate positive attitudes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
pp. 2300
Constanza San Martin ◽  
Chenda Ramirez ◽  
Rubén Calvo ◽  
Yolanda Muñoz-Martínez ◽  
Umesh Sharma

Teachers play an important role in the success of inclusive practices for diverse learners in regular classrooms. It is, therefore, important to examine their beliefs and preparation to teach in inclusive classrooms. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the attitude of active Chilean teachers (n = 569) towards inclusion, their self-efficacy regarding inclusive practices, and their intention to teach in inclusive classrooms. Our secondary objectives were to explore the relationship between their attitudes and self-efficacy and to determine the influence of demographic and professional variables on these two constructs. A positive and significant relationship between teachers’ attitude and self-efficacy was found. Teacher qualification was not significantly related to attitudes towards inclusion but was negatively associated with their self-efficacy beliefs concerning inclusive practices. Secondary education teachers reported lower teaching efficacy beliefs for inclusion than pre-school, primary, and special education teachers. The type of school emerged as a significant predictor of teachers’ attitude and self-efficacy beliefs. The implications of this research and need for additional teacher and in-service training to improve educators’ attitudes and self-efficacy are discussed.

2017 ◽  
Vol 42 (2) ◽  
pp. 29-36 ◽  
Deborah Tamakloe ◽  
Joseph Seyram Agbenyega

THIS QUALITATIVE CASE STUDY explored the professional philosophies and experiences of preschool teachers and their support staff regarding the use of assistive technology devices (ATDs) in an early intervention inclusive preschool class. Using face-to-face individual interviews as data collection measures, the researchers aimed to understand these practitioners' teaching philosophies and experiences in terms of how they use ATDs with young children with disabilities in their class. A framework analysis of data identified three themes: establishing values for inclusive education, maintaining positive attitudes to overcoming challenges and orchestrating inclusive learning. The paper concluded that in order for the use of ATDs to thrive and make full impact on all children's learning and development, stronger frameworks for developing the inclusive values, philosophies, professional knowledge and practice principles of preschool teachers and their support staff are needed.

2020 ◽  
Vol LXXXI (2) ◽  
pp. 85-98
Elżbieta Paradowska

Despite the fact that the process of inclusive education implementation has been taking place in Poland for a few years now, it still encounters a lot of obstacles relating to, among other things, the readiness of mainstream settings, including teachers, for inclusion. For this process to be successful, teachers’ attitudes to the idea of inclusive education are also important. The primary purpose of the study was to explore the opinions of mainstream preschool teachers on selected aspects of inclusive education for students with disabilities. The study covered 76 preschool teachers. A diagnostic survey was used in the study. The findings showed that mainstream preschool teachers (generally) supported the idea of inclusive education for students with disabilities to a small extent only (i.e., a little bit below the average). This opinion correlated positively with a sense of readiness for specific tasks relating to the education of students with disabilities and providing it in an educational setting as well as with having formal teacher education in this area. The study also showed that mainstream preschool teachers were relatively most favorably inclined (however, only around the average) toward inclusive preschool education for students with mild intellectual disabilities, and least favorably - for students with multiple disabilities and blind students. The findings confirmed the reports found in the literature regarding significant gaps in preparation for tasks relating to the education of students with disabilities felt by mainstream preschool teachers. They also confirmed the fact that the vast majority of teachers saw many obstacles to the implementation of inclusive education in preschool, in particular relating to: specialists (mainly lack of specialists), too large preschool groups, and school space (mainly architectural barriers). Moreover, the findings showed that only a small number of teachers saw advantages of inclusive education - subject to specific conditions, though. The study findings suggest that it is necessary to provide more effective, specialist support for mainstream preschool teachers in their work with students/children with disabilities and to introduce changes in preschool teacher training at the college level.

1989 ◽  
Vol 64 (3_suppl) ◽  
pp. 1192-1194 ◽  
Anthony Worsley ◽  
Andrea J. Worsley

A 29-item attitude inventory, reflecting technical and naturalistic aspects of modern life, was administered by post to a random sample of 700 women in Adelaide, South Australia. The response rate was 65%. The total scale had adequate internal reliability (Cronbach α = 0.78). Cronbach alpha values for two subscales, Nature and Technology, were 0.66 and 0.55, respectively. The scores were negatively related to McClosky and Schaar's 1965 measure of anomy and to educational background, early school leavers having higher scores. The Nature subscale was negatively related to positive attitudes toward food processing, and Technology was inversely related to pronaturalistic food attitudes. Regular users of dietary supplements had higher Nature scores and lower Technology scores than nonsupplementers.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 580-593
Mohamed Hamid ◽  
Nagwa Ibrahim A. Mohamed

Disabled students are capable of learning and growing equally to normal students, therefore the educational infrastructure of many developed countries is inclined towards an inclusive educational system. However, such students, unfortunately, are not treated well in developing countries where teachers’ attitudes are a key hindrance to an inclusive education system. This study assesses future faculty attitudes towards inclusive education in Qatari independent schools. A mixed population from Arabic studies, Islamic studies, English language, social studies, mathematics, and science sections of both primary and secondary programmes are selected from the College of Education at Qatar University. The Questionnaire of Attitudes towards Inclusion (QAI) is designed for populations of all genders and sections. Data are analysed statistically initially using the t-test and, later with descriptive statistics in SPSS software. The research findings suggests that future faculty show a positive attitude concerning with inclusive education. However, this attitude toward teaching special children varies which depends on the severity of disability and the nature. Further, teachers prefer to teach mild special children for instance those with learning disabilities. Additionally, the findings reveal no substantial differences in future faculty attitudes to special children in inclusive education with respect to gender or specialization. The study emphasizes the importance of academic and psychological preparation of teachers in Qatari independent schools to understand the nature of disability and motivate them to enhance their acceptance of children with disabilities.   Keywords: Disabled students, inclusive education, Qatari independent schools, special education, teaching attitude

2020 ◽  
Yachna Saxena

Teachers’ attitudes and beliefs are known to influence their teaching practices and management strategies in the classroom, and therefore directly influencing students’ learning. The existing research indicates that the teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion are inconsistent. The educationalists point out that these inconsistencies are due to differences among the attitudes of various types of educators toward students with disabilities. There are various types of educators like regular education teachers, special education teachers, administrators, and others and according to research each one's attitude is different when it comes to teaching students with disabilities. This quantitative study was designed to investigate teachers’ attitudes towards Children with Special Needs (CWSN) with an exclusive comparison between General Educator and Special Educator. Data was collected from 260 teachers of Bhopal by using a self-developed survey instrument entitled 'Multidimensional Attitudinal Measurement of Teachers towards Children with Disability Scale' (MAMTCD-Scale). The findings revealed significant difference in attitude between general educators and special educators.

Janelle Cambridge-Johnson ◽  
Yvonne Hunter-Johnson ◽  
Norissa Newton

There has been a paradigm shift globally regarding the adoption of inclusive education policies and procedures. However, teachers still have varying views, anxieties, and preconceive misconceptions about the successful implementation of inclusive education practices in the general education classroom. This study utilized a qualitative approach to provide an informative exploration of teachers’ attitudes toward inclusive education and its implementation, possible factors that influence teachers' attitude, and recommendations for promoting best practices in inclusive education. Data was collected utilizing semi-structured interviews from eight teachers throughout the New Providence District in the Bahamas. The results of the study revealed that teachers generally had positive attitudes toward inclusion. However, lack of funding, administrative support and minimal opportunities for training and development were identified as negative influential factors regarding teachers’ attitude towards inclusive education.

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