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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-29
Author(s):  
Becky Allen ◽  
Andrew Stephen McGough ◽  
Marie Devlin

Artificial Intelligence and its sub-disciplines are becoming increasingly relevant in numerous areas of academia as well as industry and can now be considered a core area of Computer Science [ 84 ]. The Higher Education sector are offering more courses in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence than ever before. However, there is a lack of research pertaining to best practices for teaching in this complex domain that heavily relies on both computing and mathematical knowledge. We conducted a literature review and qualitative study with students and Higher Education lecturers from a range of educational institutions, with an aim to determine what might constitute best practices in this area in Higher Education. We hypothesised that confidence, mathematics anxiety, and differences in student educational background were key factors here. We then investigated the issues surrounding these and whether they inhibit the acquisition of knowledge and skills pertaining to the theoretical basis of artificial intelligence and machine learning. This article shares the insights from both students and lecturers with experience in the field of AI and machine learning education, with the aim to inform prospective pedagogies and studies within this domain and move toward a framework for best practice in teaching and learning of these topics.


Author(s):  
Yuliusman ◽  
◽  
Dr. H. Afrizal, S.E. ◽  
Dr. H. Mukhzarudfa ◽  
Dr. H. Tona Aurora Lubis ◽  
...  

This study entitled the influence of corporate governance mechanism on firm value with intellectual capital disclosure as an intervening variable. This study aims to examine the direct and indirect effect of board size, gender diversity, educational background, block holder ownership, and foreign ownership both simultaneously and partially on intellectual capital disclosure and firm value. This study examines the mediating effect of intellectual capital disclosure in the relationship between corporate governance mechanism and firm value. This study used the companies included in intellectual capital intensive industries in Indonesia Stock Exchange as the sample for 2017-2019. The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling, with 243 data from 81 companies. Analysis techniques used in this study were statistic descriptive, multiple regression, and path analysis used SPSS 23 for windows. The hypothesis testing results show that corporate governance mechanisms simultaneously influence intellectual capital disclosure (ICD) and firm value. Partially, only board size influences both ICD and substantial value, and educational background only influences strong value. The Sobel test shows that ICD doesn't mediate the effect of all variables related to corporate governance mechanism on firm value.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 115-131
Author(s):  
Lulus Irawati

The present study reports potential factors influencing the rhetorical patterns of research articles (RA) discussion sections. The study was conducted by utilizing descriptive qualitative research. The researcher purposefully focused on investigating 10 bilingual writers who wrote both one English and one Indonesian research article. The selected writers were those who had an educational background in language and language teaching. The interviews covered the interviewees’ background information, current activities, writing activities, and their rhetorical patterns of discussion sections. The interviews were conducted by utilizing the snowball technique to search for more information. The interview data were analyzed into some steps namely, transcribing the interview data, organizing data, summarizing data, and interpreting data. All data transcription was then categorized and coded. Research findings revealed that the writers’ choice of move structure could be as a result of learning from other people’s rhetorical patterns, believing themselves, having high self-confidence, having high writing frequency, and having high awareness in the micro and macrostructure of writing discussion sections. The Indonesian writers have opened their minds to learn and read other researchers’ articles and then determine whether the patterns are suitable for them or not. The writers’ starting point of experiencing to have their RA published made them believe in themselves and felt self-confident. Thus, the more they wanted to write RA, the higher they had writing frequency and awareness in the micro and macrostructure of writing discussion sections. 


2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 92-96
Author(s):  
Roshan Kumar Roy ◽  
Deepak Kumar Roy ◽  
Sabal Ghimire ◽  
Aayush Bist ◽  
Anuranjan Maharaj

Introduction: A global pandemic threat HIV/AIDS is also matter of concern of developing countries like Nepal where the first case was identified in July 1988 and later became epidemic and then concentrated epidemic among risk group for HIV. Several studies reflected HIV is associated to many factors, Literacy and Socio-economic conditions being at the highest rank. Members of Nepal army are generally with less educational background and few with higher educational status are at higher post. Thus knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among this group need to be assessed. Aims: The overall objective of our study was to assess knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among Nepal army in Banke district. Methods: A Cross-sectional descriptive study with population size of 146 Army was performed which covered the entire population of Shree Shreemehar Army Camp in Banke, starting from 18th June to 27th August, 2018. A pre-tested questionnaire containing structural, semi-structural and open ended questions were made as data collection tool. All the soldiers in Army camp were interviewed after receiving consent as an ethical clearance. Results: All 146 Army of our study were aware about HIV/AIDS mainly via mass media (83.56%). 33 respondents still didn’t know about availability of its treatment. Misconception about its complete cure and vaccination was seen in 12 and 39 respondents respectively. 58 respondents were found knowing about the free health services by government. 141 respondents knew certain things about prevention. 28 respondents admitted of having multiple sex partners and only 24 among them used preventive measure. Conclusion: Though all the respondents of our study had known about HIV/AIDS still they had misconception regarding its treatment and prevention. Many respondents do not even know about the free health services of government. Few of them still don’t use preventive measure.


2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 21-27
Author(s):  
Neni Sholihat ◽  
Indra Gunawan ◽  
Nia Restiana ◽  
Rosy Rosnawanty ◽  
Saryomo Saryomo

Based on Riskedas data in 2013, the prevalence of mental disorders in Indonesia is about 6% of the population has emotional disorders and 1.7% of serious mental disorders. In West Java the prevalence reaches 1.6%, while in Tasikmalaya City there are 171 sufferers. Mental disorders can be caused by biological, psychological and socio-cultural factors, it can also be caused by inadequate provision of patient care, especially in small towns and villages. Patients with chronic mental disorders need care management that involves various elements in the healing process, such as family, community and caregivers. The role of care giver which is very influential in the patient's healing process, they are in charge of providing emotional support and the necessities of life. The complex problems in patient care caused many of them not to be well cared for. One of the phenomena was found at the Mentari Hati Social Institusion. The caregiver's low educational background, and lack of knowledge in care, are among the factors causing the ineffective treatment provided. For this reason, a mental nursing service management program is needed which is managed in a Community Mental Health Nursing (CMHN) program which aims to empower caregivers by providing consultation and education services, and providing information on mental health principles. The purpose of this community service activity is to improve the care giver's ability to care for mental patients.


Diversity ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 52
Author(s):  
Damayanti Buchori ◽  
Akhmad Rizali ◽  
Windra Priawandiputra ◽  
Rika Raffiudin ◽  
Dewi Sartiami ◽  
...  

There is a high diversity of bees in the tropics, including honey bees and stingless bees, which are the main sources for honey and other ecosystem services. In Indonesia, beekeeping practices have been developed for centuries, and they have been part of many cultural practices in many traditional communities. The objective of this research was to study the beekeeping status and managed bee diversity in Indonesia and to investigate beekeepers’ perspectives on the factors and obstacles related to beekeeping. Direct interview and online interview were conducted to gain data on bees and beekeepers. In total, 272 beekeepers were interviewed across 25 provinces. Samplings of honey bees and stingless bees were also done during direct interviews for further identification and, when possible, pollen identification. All data and specimens were then sent to IPB Bogor for compilation and identification. We recorded 22 species of bees, including 3 species of honey bees and 19 species of stingless bees, that are reared by Indonesian beekeepers, with Apis cerana and Tetragonula laeviceps as the most common species. Our research also found that the majority of beekeepers fall into the category of the younger generation (30–39 years old) with educational background mostly from senior high school. Based on the beekeepers’ perspectives, there are several obstacles to beekeeping, especially the occurrence of death of bee foragers attributed to climate, food source, and pesticides. In conclusion, there is a need to develop a strategy for beekeeping and bee conservation in Indonesia, especially for adaptation and mitigation from environmental changes with a particular focus on climate and land-use change.


Sarwahita ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (01) ◽  
pp. 220-233
Author(s):  
Suherman ◽  
Andriyanto Adhi Nugroho ◽  
Yuliana Yuli ◽  
Wahyo Santoso ◽  
Human Santoso

Abstract Most of the residents of Baros village work in the agricultural and plantation sectors with most of the residents having education up to junior high and high school levels. Thus, they do not understand the law and technology that is currently developing due to their low educational background. Therefore, Baros Village needs socialization about the online legal assistance of nonlitigation in order towards a modern and justice village. The method used is in the form of socialization accompanied by counseling to the community, namely by providing explanations and discussions with the aim of activities that Baros villagers understand the importance of online legal assistance through non-litigation using current technology such as computers, laptops and hand phones. The results of the activities in the socialization turned out to be many Baros villagers who did not understand the existence of online legal assistance to resolve their cases outside the court such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation, and consultation. The village office must provide an internet network, computer or laptop for its citizens to learn technology in order to become a modern village.   Abstrak Sebagian besar penduduk desa Baros bekerja di sektor pertanian dan perkebunan dengan  sebagian besar warganya mempunyai pendidikan sampai tingkat SMP dan SMA. Sehingga mereka  kurang memahami hukum dan teknologi yang berkembang saat ini dikarenakan latar belakang pendidikan yang masih rendah. Oleh karenanya,  Desa Baros perlu adanya sosialisasi tentang pentingnya memahami teknologi dan hukum untuk dapat menyelesaikan sengketanya secara online dan melalui alternative penyelesaian sengketa diluar pengadilan atau non litigasi.  Metode yang digunakan berupa sosialisasi disertai penyuluhan kepada masyarakat yaitu dengan memberikan penjelasan dan diskusi dengan tujuan kegiatan agar warga desa Baros memahami pentingnya bantuan hukum online melalui non litigasi dengan menggunakan teknologi saat ini seperti computer, laptop dan Hand phone. Hasil kegiatan dalam sosialisasi  ternyata banyak warga desa Baros yang tidak memahami adanya bantuan hukum online untuk menyelesaikan perkaranya melalui diluar pengadilan seperti negosiasi, mediasi, konsiliasi, konseltasi. Kantor desa harus menyediakan jaringan internet, computer atau laptop untuk warganya belajar teknologi agar menjadi desa yang modern.  


Author(s):  
Jun (AJ) Ai ◽  
Jihong Zhang ◽  
Eva Horn ◽  
Hao Liu ◽  
Jingjing Huang ◽  
...  

Abstract The purpose of this study was to understand the status and influential factors of preschool teachers' attitudes towards inclusive education, given the evidence that attitudes predict successful inclusion for young children with or at risk for developmental delays or disabilities. We translated the Multidimensional Attitudes Toward Inclusive Education Scale (MATIES, Mahat, 2008) to Simplified Chinese (MATIES-C). We then administered the MATIE-C to a representative sample of in-service preschool teachers (N = 481) in Beijing, China. The confirmative factor analysis and reliability tests suggested an acceptable construct validity and internal reliability of the MATIES-C. We also found preschool teachers in Beijing held positive attitudes towards inclusion across cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions of attitudes. The ANOVA results indicate teachers' experience and knowledge about children with disabilities had statistically positive associations with favorable attitudes. Preschool area, teacher age, and educational background were also found to have a statistically significant impact on teacher attitudes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 22-25
Author(s):  
Nabhira Aftabi Binte Islam ◽  
Sharika Shahrin ◽  
Md Hamdullah

Background: To assess maintenance of consent paper in daily dental practices. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. To assess maintenance of consent paper in daily dental practice at the chambers of the dentist. Data were collected through face to face interview. Dental chambers were selected by simple random sampling technique and respondents were selected purposively in Mymensingh sadar. 50 chambers and 70 dental surgeons were interviewed. Study period was January to March, 2019. Results: In respect of distribution of the chamber owners by sex, female owners comprised 16% and 84% was male owners. By educational background of chamber owners, 40% owners had no B.D.S degree. It was found that 16% dental chambers had two dental surgeons and 84% dental chambers had one dental surgeon. Of all, 92.90% dental surgeons had knowledge about consent paper. The study showed that 80% dental surgeon sometimes, 7.1% dental surgeon always maintained consent paper in daily practice. Among the dental surgeons, 44.3% sometimes faced problem for taking consent paper in daily practice. Among all, 71.4% maintained verbal consent, 7.1% written and 21.4% maintained implied consent. Of all, 94. 3% dental surgeons maintained written consent paper only for costly treatment and specialized cases while 18.6% thought that it was not important and 40% thought that time consuming and 34.3% thought that patients were not interested. It was also found that 42% ancillary of the dental chambers had diploma degree and 58% had no degree. Conclusion: It is a general legal and ethical principle that one must get valid consent because it is the patients' rights before starting treatment or physical investigation. JOPSOM 2021; 40(1): 22-25


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaoxiao Zhou ◽  
Yan Wang ◽  
Jing Yu ◽  
Yujie Liu ◽  
Shousheng Xu

BACKGROUND - OBJECTIVE To explore and discuss the influences on 7~9-year-old children’s physical activity and cardiopulmonary endurance. METHODS Recruiting 1st and 2nd-grade elementary school students and their parents at an elementary school in Changping District, Beijing. The study made an investigation of PA level, economic and educational status on the subject families, and the other main contents including medical history and family history. The PA data of the parents were measured by the ActiGraph GT3X + accelerometer (Actigraph, Pensacola, FL, USA), and the children’s PA data were obtained by the revised PAQ-A. 50m*8 shuttle run were carried out to test the children’s cardiopulmonary endurance. RESULTS 36 families were recruited and completed the examination. There was a significant difference in the children’ PA scores between sPAf(PA sufficient family) (3.02±0.53) and iPAf(PA insufficient family) (2.61±0.58)(P<0.05), and the BMI of the two groups (15.63±1.95 vs17.77±3.67) showed great difference(P<0.01). The child from sPAf had better cardiopulmonary endurance than those from iPAf. The parent of high income, a high educational background had higher moderate to vigorous PA, and so did their child. There was a high positive correlation of the sedentary time and light PA every day of the husband and wife in a family. CONCLUSIONS The influence factors that affected the 7~9-year-old children’s PA level and cardiopulmonary endurance included their parent’s PA level, economic income, educational background, especially the mother’s PA played a prominent part. The study found there existed interaction of respective PA levels inside the couple.


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