patient compliance
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2022 ◽  
Amal Francis Sam ◽  
Anil Yogendra Yadav

Conventionally, oxygen is given at 4 to 6 L/min through nasal cannula for supplementation of oxygen. The FiO2 achieved through this can be up to 0.4. Flows more than this can cause dryness to the nasal mucosa without much increase in the FiO2. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) uses flow up to 60 L/min. Positive end-expiratory pressure is created in the nasopharynx and it is also conducted to the lower airways. Studies have shown HFNC improves washout of CO2 and decreases respiratory rate. Patient compliance also improves due to the comfort of the cannula compared to the non-invasive ventilation through a mask.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Britta Grüne ◽  
Hanna Menold ◽  
Maximilian Lenhart ◽  
Julia Mühlbauer ◽  
Margarete T. Walach ◽  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> This study aimed to assess patient compliance with a newly established electronic patient-reported outcome measure (ePROM) system after urologic surgery and to identify influencing factors. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Digital surveys were provided to patients undergoing cystectomy, radical or partial nephrectomy, or transurethral resection of bladder tumor via a newly established ePROM system. Participants received a baseline survey preoperatively and several follow-up surveys postoperatively. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify factors predicting compliance. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Of <i>N</i> = 435 eligible patients, <i>n</i> = 338 completed the baseline survey (78.0%). Patients who did not participate were significantly more likely male (<i>p</i> = 0.004) and older than 70 years (<i>p</i> = 0.005). Overall, 206/337 patients (61.3%) completed the survey at 1-month, 167/312 (53.5%) at 3-month, and 142/276 (51.4%) at 6-month follow-up. Lower baseline quality of life (odds ratio: 2.27; <i>p</i> = 0.004) was a significant predictor for dropout at 1-month follow-up. Low educational level was significantly associated with low compliance at 3- (OR: 1.92; <i>p</i> = 0.01) and 6-month follow-up (OR: 2.88; <i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.001). <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Acceptable compliance rates can be achieved with ePROMs following urologic surgery. Several factors influence compliance and should be considered when setting-up ePROM surveys.

2022 ◽  
pp. 72-97
Sara Wilcox ◽  
Olha Huzo ◽  
Annu Minhas ◽  
Nicole Walters ◽  
Joel Ehis Adada ◽  

Health-related Internet searches have been associated with cyberchondria and can impact how patients receive and react to medical advice. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between patient compliance and the experiences of 191 Internet information seekers from >12 countries and 27 occupations, surveyed online between 2015 and 2016 using the ‘Dr. Net' questionnaire. After Internet search, 75% agreed with the diagnosis given by their doctor and 83% remained compliant with their doctor's orders. Statistical analysis using Kruskal-Wallis H test (“one-way ANOVA on ranks”) and Spearman correlation coefficient revealed strong positive correlations (p < 0.001) between compliance and each of the following: finding the search helpful (86%), being satisfied with Internet information (71%), becoming more cautious about health (60%), finding the information provided by their doctor comprehensible (71%), and agreement with physician. Recommendations are discussed for increasing ehealth literacy and patient-physician trust with improved online medical information.

2022 ◽  
pp. 169-193
Sonia Singh ◽  
Yogesh Murti ◽  
Nitin Agrawal

Tuberculosis is commonly called TB and considered to be the most contagious disease. This disease is caused by a causative agent known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the host body cells. Emergence incidence of XDR and MDR of tuberculosis are due to high dose intake and prolonged treatment of antibiotics. In this era, only one vaccine called as BCG is available which is ineffective against infected tuberculosis adults. Though several antibiotics have been produced to overcome drug resistance and even enhance the patient compliance towards treatment and reduce the treatment regimen, we require a novel strategy that can improve the potency of therapeutic synthetic drugs. This approach can be achieved by the application of nanotechnology associated with conventional therapy. Nanotechnology has attributed the promising effects associated with optimized treatment against chronic diseases. This novel technology has the ability to reduce the dose frequency and even resolves the poor patient compliance.


Objective: The present research work of Amphotericin B Proniosomal gel focuses on improving patient compliance by reducing the side effects of conventional intravenous injections and minimizing the problem of physical stability and to localize drug at site of action. Methods: Proniosomal gels are prepared by coacervation phase separation technique using different concentration of non-ionic surfactants (Span and Tween) for uniform vesicle formation, lecithin as permeation enhancer/membrane stabilizer and cholesterol as a vesicle cement providing prolonged release. Prepared gels were evaluated for their viscosity, pH, spreadability, entrapment efficiency, drug content uniformity, extrudability, in vitro drug release, permeability and stability studies. Results: Among the nine formulations, F2 (containing 10 mg drug, 250 mg Span 60, 50 mg Soya lecithin) was found to be promising. Fourier Transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectra studies represented no interaction and physicochemical characteristics were found within the limits. The percentages of drug content and entrapment efficiency were determined to be 95.16%±0.40 and 94.20%±0.20, respectively. In vitro drug release was about 95.72%±0.30. Conclusion: Proniosomal gel could constitute a promising approach for topical delivery of Amphotericin B by encapsulating it in non-ionic surfactant to provide patient compliance with cutaneous fungal infection, which was found to be safe, tolerable and efficacious.

2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (1) ◽  
pp. 35-41
John M. Edwards ◽  
Hallie Evans ◽  
Stace D. Dollar ◽  
Jan Odom-Forren ◽  
Bill Johnson

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 1538-1543
Raghav Mishra

Due to the complexity of gastric emptying, as well as its considerable variability, the in vivo efficacy of drug delivery devices cannot be predicted. When it pertains to drugs with an absorption window in the upper small intestine, a controlled drug delivery system with a longer residence period in the stomach may be of considerable practical significance. Recent developments have shown that floating microspheres are particularly well suited for mixing sustained and delayed releases to achieve a variety of release models with a minimal risk of dumping. The aim of present investigation is to develop and analyze the floating microspheres of amethopterin, which after oral administration could increase the gastric residence time and enhance the bioavailability of the drug by sustained release and minimize the dose dependent side effects as well as improves patient compliance. Floating microspheres of ethyl cellulose, Polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone-K90 were formulated by emulsification solvent evaporation technique. The various parameters of prepared microspheres were studied for SEM, flow properties, buoyancy, yield, percent drug loading, in vitro dissolution studies, stability in different pH and FTIR studies. Microspheres prepared with different concentrations of polymers were spherical in shape with smooth surface. The size of microspheres was in range of 256.02 µm and 362.84 µm. Good drug entrapment and buoyancy were observed for formulation F2. The in vitro drug release after 6h was found to be in range from 58.15% to 96.28%. It was established that the newly created floating microspheres of Amethopterin provide an appropriate and practical solution for the sustained release of medication over a longer period of time, resulting in increased oral bioavailability, effectiveness, as well as better patient compliance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 ◽  
Fang Yu ◽  
Tingting Zhang ◽  
Fenghua Fu ◽  
Aiping Wang ◽  
Xinyong Liu

Abstract: Hormonal drugs are essential treatment options for some hormone-dependent or hormone-sensitive tumors. The common dosage forms of hormonal drugs have a short half-life. Hence, frequent administration is needed, which results in poor patient compliance. Nevertheless, using drug delivery technology, somatostatin analogues (SSAs) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues are prepared into long-acting formulations that can significantly prolong the action time of these drugs, reducing medication frequency and increasing patient compliance. Such drugs are advantageous when treating acromegaly, gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), breast cancer, prostate cancer, and other diseases having a relatively long course. SSAs and GnRH analogues are two typical hormonal drugs, the long-acting formulations of which are essential in clinical practice. This review summarized the preparation methods and clinical application of long-acting formulations in cancer. Further, the action mechanism and new research of SSAs and GnRH analogues were discussed, and suggestions related to the development of long-acting SSAs and GnRH analogues were provided.

C. Tamilselvan ◽  
M. Swamivelmanickam ◽  
S. Sivakrishnan ◽  
R. Vinoth

Oral drug delivery system of Mouth Dissolving Tablets (MDTs) is using a new concept that have been mostly accepted in the pharmaceutical industry in recent days. This system is the most comfortable, safest and inexpensive of drug delivery system, enhancing the patient compliance and extending the patient life. Mouth dissolving formulations using an important ingredient or active agent due to allow release of drug is rapidly after that produce faster dissolution process. The mouth dissolving tablets contain a unique property of tablets like quickly disintegrating or easily dissolving and releasing the active drug within a few minutes and its contact with saliva. In pediatric, geriatric, bed ridden, psychic, dysphagic patients are using the MDTs because of these tablets are easily engulfing or swallowing is most convenient and patient compliance is better to compared than other Delivery systems. The tablets are formulated with an aid of super disintegrant. It's more reliable because of better compliance in patients. There are several technologies used in the MDTs manufacturing process such as patented technology & conventional technology. The important patented technologies are Durasolve Technology, Orasolve Technology, Zydis Technology, Wow Tab Technology, Flash Dose Technology, Flash Tab Technology and Quick Solv Technology. The MDTs are improving the demand for rapidly growing areas in the pharmaceutical industry and other fields are also in demand on these formulations. The recent progress of pharmaceutical fields is allowing the improvement of a better route of health care management with avoidance of numerous difficulties are connected to the other Drug Delivery System (DDS).

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