deep infiltrating endometriosis
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Carlo Alboni ◽  
Ludovica Spanò Bascio ◽  
Ludovica Camacho Mattos ◽  
Graziana Gallo ◽  
Laura Botticelli ◽  

2022 ◽  
Carlo Alboni ◽  
Veronica Sampogna ◽  
Mirvana Airoud ◽  
Stefania Malmusi ◽  
Antonino Farulla ◽  

Abstract Objective: Complete eradication of parametrial nodules of Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE) is associated with a high risk of iatrogenic nerves damage and pelvic organs dysfunction. The aim of this study is to evaluate via validated questionnaires the effect of laparoscopic excision of parametrial DIE on quality of life as first outcome and on pain symptoms and post- operative voiding function (bladder and rectal) as secondary outcome.Study design: All patients undergoing laparoscopic excision of posterior or lateral parametrial DIE by a single expert surgeon between January 2013 and March 2017 were included in the study. A nerve-sparing approach was adopted in all patients. Quality of life (QoL) and Functional outcomes were evaluated using validated questionnaires (EHP-30 for the health profile, NBD score for intestinal function, ICIQ-FLUTS for urinary function), administered preoperatively and after surgery. Pain scores were collected before and after surgery using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).Results: During the study period a total of fifty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. Fifty-one patients agreed to fill out questionnaires for post-operative outcomes. EHP-30 scores had a significant improvement in all the domains analyzed even in the relationship with children and fertility module despite to the small number of patients answering those questions. No differences were found in terms of urinary function between pre and post-operative questionnaires (ICIQ-FLUTS). Bowel function improved in patients’ subjective perception. The NBD score showed that intestinal dysfunction related only to constipation and was reported as very minor by 76.4% of patients, minor by 11.8%, moderate by 5.9% by and severe by 5.95% of patients. Pain symptoms (VAS score) decreased significantly after surgery with the exception of chronic pelvic pain. (p value < 0,05). Conclusions: Laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical excision of parametrial DIE is safe and effective when performed by an expert surgical equipe. This approach can favorably impact on patients QoL. Moreover, it has proved to result in pain score and voiding function improvements.

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 (01) ◽  
pp. 85-92
Michelle Wetzk ◽  
Nannette Grübling ◽  
Almuth Forberger ◽  
Jörg Klengel ◽  
Jan Kuhlmann ◽  

Abstract Objectives Endometriosis is a chronic disease which is diagnosed by surgical intervention combined with a histological work-up. Current international and national recommendations do not require the histological determination of the proliferation rate. The diagnostic and clinical importance of the mitotic rate in endometriotic lesions still remains to be elucidated. Methods In this retrospective study, the mitotic rates and clinical data of 542 patients with histologically diagnosed endometriosis were analyzed. The mean patient age was 33.5 ± 8.0 (17 – 72) years, and the mean reproductive lifespan was 21.2 ± 7.8 (4 – 41) years. Patients were divided into two groups and patientsʼ reproductive history and clinical endometriosis characteristics were compared between groups. The study group consisted of women with confirmed mitotic figures (n = 140, 25.83%) and the control group comprised women without proliferative activity according to their mitotic rates (n = 402, 74.27%). Results Women with endometriotic lesions and histologically confirmed mitotic figures were significantly more likely to have a higher endometriosis stage (p = 0.001), deep infiltrating endometriosis (p < 0.001), ovarian endometrioma (p = 0.012), and infertility (p = 0.049). A mitotic rate > 0 was seen significantly less often in cases with incidental findings of endometriosis (p = 0.031). The presence of symptoms and basic characteristics such as age, age at onset of menarche, reproductive lifespan and parity did not differ between the group with and the group without mitotic figures. Conclusion This study shows that a simple histological assessment of the mitotic rate offers additional diagnostic value for the detection of advanced stages of endometriosis. The possible role as a predictive marker for the recurrence of endometriosis or the development of endometriosis-associated cancer will require future study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 157
Teresa Mira Gruber ◽  
Laura Ortlieb ◽  
Wolfgang Henrich ◽  
Sylvia Mechsner

Endometriosis (EM), especially deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) and adenomyosis (AM), are known to cause pain and sterility in young women. More recently, they have also been described as risk factors for obstetric complications. While the pathophysiology is not yet completely understood, they seem to share a common origin: archimetrosis. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted to summarize the existing evidence on DIE and AM as risk factors for obstetric complications. Results: Preterm birth, caesarean section delivery (CS) and placental abnormalities are associated with the diagnosis of DIE and AM. Women with AM seem to experience more often hypertensive pregnancy disorders, premature rupture of membranes and their children are born with lower birth weights than in the control groups. However, many of the studies tried to evaluate AM, EM and DIE as separate risk factors. Moreover, often they did not adjust for important confounders such as multiple pregnancies, parity, mode of conception and maternal age. Therefore, prospective studies with larger numbers of cases and appropriate adjustment for confounders are needed to explore the pathophysiology and to prove causality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
Tomas Pérez ◽  
Romina Lorena Alsina Farreta ◽  
María Laura González ◽  
Analía Verónica Pasqua ◽  
María Josefina Sobrero ◽  

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands in extrauterine sites. Intestinal deep infiltrating endometriosis is considered when the endometriotic lesion is located more than 5 mm below the peritoneum. Intestinal obstruction due to endometriosis is rare, occurring in approximately 1% of cases. We present three cases with intestinal occlusion as deep infiltrating endometriosis debut. Its symptomatic presentation can mimic multiple gastroenterological entities, mainly irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease so its diagnosis can be difficult. However, suspecting this pathology and diagnosing it is important to define therapeutic behavior and improve the quality of life of our patients.

2021 ◽  
Derya Ece Iliman ◽  
Aysegul Akdogan Gemici ◽  
Cihan Kaya

Abstract Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative findings of deep infiltrating endometriosis using the #ENZIAN score. Methods This retrospective study included 64 patients who underwent surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis between January 2017 and August 2020. Preoperative abdominopelvic MRI assessment was evaluated and scored using the #ENZIAN classification. Operative scores were considered the gold standard, and the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) of MRI for each category were calculated. Results MRI has higher sensitivity and specificity in showing the lesions of the compartments O (ovarian lesions), A (rectovaginal septum and posterior vaginal fornix), and B (uterosacral ligaments and parametrium) (100–100%, 100–100%, and 97–100%, respectively, p<0.001) compared to the other compartments. The lowest sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and PPV of the MRI was found in compartment P (14%, 76%, 70%, and 7%, respectively). Conclusion We demonstrated that the #ENZIAN classification in MRI reports has significant sensitivity and specificity in compartments A, B (uterosacral ligaments and parametrium), and O. Furthermore, the determination of peritoneal lesions via MRI is inadequate.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (6) ◽  
pp. 3102-3109
Visalaxi Sankaravadivel ◽  
Sudalaimuthu Thalavaipillai

Endometriosis a painful disorder that stripes the uterus both inside and outside. Endometriosis can be diagnosed by the medical practitioners with the help of traditional scanning procedures. Laparoscopic surgery is the authentic method for identifying the advanced stages of endometriosis. The statistical approach is a state-of-art method for identifying the various stages of endometriosis using laparoscopic images. The paper focuses on a well-known statistical method known as chi-square and correlation coefficients are implemented for identifying the symptoms that are correlated with various stages of endometriosis. Chi-square analysis performs the association between symptoms and stages of endometriosis. With these analysis, an algorithm was proposed known as endometriosis prediction factor algorithm (EPF). The EPF algorithm predicts the presence of endometriosis if the derived value is greater than 1. From the chi-square analysis, it is identified that mild endometriosis is influenced 34% by menstrual flow, minimal endometriosis is influenced 40% by dysmenorrhea, where moderate endometriosis is influenced 31% by tenderness and deep infiltrating endometriosis is influenced 22% by adnexal mass.

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