Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Wei Sun ◽  
Xuehua Shen ◽  
Jing Wang ◽  
Shuangshuang Zhu ◽  
Yanting Zhang ◽  

Objective: This study aimed to: (1) evaluate the association between myocardial fibrosis (MF) quantified by extracellular volume fraction (ECV) and myocardial strain measured by two-dimensional (2D)- and three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) and (2) further investigate which strain parameter measured by 2D- and 3D-STE is the more robust predictor of MF in heart transplant (HT) recipients.Methods: A total of 40 patients with HT and 20 healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Left ventricular (LV)-global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), and global radial strain (GRS) were measured by 2D- and 3D-STE. LV diffuse MF was defined by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-ECV.Results: The HT recipients had a significantly higher native T1 and ECV than healthy controls (1043.8 ± 34.0 vs. 999.7 ± 19.7 ms, p < 0.001; 26.6 ± 2.7 vs. 24.3 ± 1.8%, p = 0.02). The 3D- and 2D-STE-LVGLS and LVGCS were lower (p < 0.005) in the HT recipients than in healthy controls. ECV showed a moderate correlation with 2D-LVGLS (r = 0.53, p = 0.002) and 3D-LVGLS (r = 0.60, p < 0.001), but it was not correlated with 2D or 3D-LVGCS, or LVGRS. Furthermore, 3D-LVGLS and 2D-LVGLS had a similar correlation with CMR-ECV (r = 0.60 vs. 0.53, p = 0.670). A separate stepwise multivariate linear analysis showed that both the 2D-LVGLS (β = 0.39, p = 0.019) and 3D-LVGLS (β = 0.54, p < 0.001) were independently associated with CMR-ECV.Conclusion: CMR marker of diffuse MF was present in asymptomatic patients with HT and appeared to be associated with decreased myocardial strain by echocardiography. Both the 2D- and 3D-LVGLS were independently correlated with diffuse LVMF, which may provide an alternative non-invasive tool for monitoring the development of adverse fibrotic remodeling during the follow-up of HT recipients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (11) ◽  
pp. 628-649
Marco Gatti ◽  
Tommaso D’Angelo ◽  
Giuseppe Muscogiuri ◽  
Serena Dell'aversana ◽  
Alessandro Andreis ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Ricardo A. Gonzales ◽  
Qiang Zhang ◽  
Bartłomiej W. Papież ◽  
Konrad Werys ◽  
Elena Lukaschuk ◽  

Background: Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 mapping has shown promise for advanced tissue characterisation in routine clinical practise. However, T1 mapping is prone to motion artefacts, which affects its robustness and clinical interpretation. Current methods for motion correction on T1 mapping are model-driven with no guarantee on generalisability, limiting its widespread use. In contrast, emerging data-driven deep learning approaches have shown good performance in general image registration tasks. We propose MOCOnet, a convolutional neural network solution, for generalisable motion artefact correction in T1 maps.Methods: The network architecture employs U-Net for producing distance vector fields and utilises warping layers to apply deformation to the feature maps in a coarse-to-fine manner. Using the UK Biobank imaging dataset scanned at 1.5T, MOCOnet was trained on 1,536 mid-ventricular T1 maps (acquired using the ShMOLLI method) with motion artefacts, generated by a customised deformation procedure, and tested on a different set of 200 samples with a diverse range of motion. MOCOnet was compared to a well-validated baseline multi-modal image registration method. Motion reduction was visually assessed by 3 human experts, with motion scores ranging from 0% (strictly no motion) to 100% (very severe motion).Results: MOCOnet achieved fast image registration (<1 second per T1 map) and successfully suppressed a wide range of motion artefacts. MOCOnet significantly reduced motion scores from 37.1±21.5 to 13.3±10.5 (p < 0.001), whereas the baseline method reduced it to 15.8±15.6 (p < 0.001). MOCOnet was significantly better than the baseline method in suppressing motion artefacts and more consistently (p = 0.007).Conclusion: MOCOnet demonstrated significantly better motion correction performance compared to a traditional image registration approach. Salvaging data affected by motion with robustness and in a time-efficient manner may enable better image quality and reliable images for immediate clinical interpretation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Rui Xia ◽  
Bo He ◽  
Tong Zhu ◽  
Yu Zhang ◽  
Yushu Chen ◽  

Abstract Background This study investigates the segmental myocardial strain of the early phase of intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) caused by reperfused myocardial infarction (MI) in rats by low-dose dobutamine (LDD) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking. Methods Nine sham rats and nine rats with 60-min myocardial ischemia followed by 48-h reperfusion were investigated using CMR, including T2*-mapping sequence and fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP)–cine sequence. Another FISP–cine sequence was acquired after 2 min of dobutamine injection; the MI, IMH, and Non-MI (NMI) areas were identified. The values of peak radial strains (PRS) and peak circumferential strains (PCS) of the MI, IMH and NMI segments were acquired. The efficiency of PRS and PCS (EPRS and EPCS, respectively) were calculated on the basis of the time of every single heartbeat. Results The PRS, PCS, EPRS, and EPCS of the sham group increased after LDD injection. However, the PRS, PCS, EPRS, and EPCS of the IMH segment did not increase. Moreover, the PRS and PCS of the MI and NMI segments did not increase, but the EPRS and EPCS of these segments increased. The PRS, PCS, EPRS, and EPCS of the IMH segment were lower than those of the MI and NMI segments before and after LDD injection, but without a significant difference between MI segment and NMI segment before and after LDD injection. Conclusions LDD could help assess dysfunctions in segments with IMH, especially using the efficiency of strain. IMH was a crucial factor that decreased segmental movement and reserved function.

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