Weak Signal
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2021 ◽  
Kaifeng Dong ◽  
Kun Xu ◽  
Youyou Zhou ◽  
Chao Zuo ◽  
Leiming Wang ◽  

Abstract A new type of weak signal detection system that combines the memristor and Van der pol-Duffing chaotic system has been proposed in this paper, and the dynamic characteristics of the system are studied. It is observed that the system can change from a chaotic state to a periodic state under different driving force amplitudes. Moreover, as compared with several classical chaotic oscillators, the numerical simulation results show that the system has stronger anti-noise performance with the detectable signal-to-noise ratio reaches -163dB, and has a wider detection range. Its detection accuracy is up to 1 × 10 −9 . More importantly, this paper provides the circuit implementation scheme of the system, and the weak signal can be detected with our designed circuit. This may offer a possible way for weak signal detection system with good performance in anti-noise performance, detection range and accuracy.

Diagnostics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2390
Antonino Proto ◽  
Daniele Conti ◽  
Erica Menegatti ◽  
Angelo Taibi ◽  
Giacomo Gadda

Cerebral venous outflow is investigated in the diagnosis of heart failure through the monitoring of jugular venous pulse, an indicator to assess cardiovascular diseases. The jugular venous pulse is a weak signal stemming from the lying internal jugular vein and often invasive methodologies requiring surgery are mandatory to detect it. Jugular venous pulse can also be extrapolated via the ultrasound technique, but it requires a qualified healthcare operator to perform the examination. In this work, a wireless, user-friendly, wearable device for plethysmography is developed to investigate the possibility of monitoring the jugular venous pulse non-invasively. The proposed device can monitor the jugular venous pulse and the electrocardiogram synchronously. To study the feasibility of using the proposed device to detect physiological variables, several measurements were carried out on healthy subjects by considering three different postures: supine, sitting, and upright. Data acquired in the experiment were properly filtered to highlight the cardiac oscillation and remove the breathing contribution, which causes a considerable shift in the amplitude of signals. To evaluate the proper functioning of the wearable device for plethysmography, a comparison with the ultrasound technique was carried out. As a satisfactory result, the acquired signals resemble the typical jugular venous pulse waveforms found in literature.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (24) ◽  
pp. 6393-6421
Rob Wilson ◽  
Kathy Allen ◽  
Patrick Baker ◽  
Gretel Boswijk ◽  
Brendan Buckley ◽  

Abstract. We evaluate a range of blue intensity (BI) tree-ring parameters in eight conifer species (12 sites) from Tasmania and New Zealand for their dendroclimatic potential, and as surrogate wood anatomical proxies. Using a dataset of ca. 10–15 trees per site, we measured earlywood maximum blue intensity (EWB), latewood minimum blue intensity (LWB), and the associated delta blue intensity (DB) parameter for dendrochronological analysis. No resin extraction was performed, impacting low-frequency trends. Therefore, we focused only on the high-frequency signal by detrending all tree-ring and climate data using a 20-year cubic smoothing spline. All BI parameters express low relative variance and weak signal strength compared to ring width. Correlation analysis and principal component regression experiments identified a weak and variable climate response for most ring-width chronologies. However, for most sites, the EWB data, despite weak signal strength, expressed strong coherence with summer temperatures. Significant correlations for LWB were also noted, but the sign of the relationship for most species is opposite to that reported for all conifer species in the Northern Hemisphere. DB results were mixed but performed better for the Tasmanian sites when combined through principal component regression methods than for New Zealand. Using the full multi-species/parameter network, excellent summer temperature calibration was identified for both Tasmania and New Zealand ranging from 52 % to 78 % explained variance for split periods (1901–1950/1951–1995), with equally robust independent validation (coefficient of efficiency = 0.41 to 0.77). Comparison of the Tasmanian BI reconstruction with a quantitative wood anatomical (QWA) reconstruction shows that these parameters record essentially the same strong high-frequency summer temperature signal. Despite these excellent results, a substantial challenge exists with the capture of potential secular-scale climate trends. Although DB, band-pass, and other signal processing methods may help with this issue, substantially more experimentation is needed in conjunction with comparative analysis with ring density and QWA measurements.

2021 ◽  
Yifan Yang ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Yun Kuang ◽  
Hanfen Tu ◽  
Haoran Wei ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (15) ◽  
Bing Liu ◽  
Xiaolin Ye ◽  
Gang Hu

This paper proposes a new 3D chaotic system, which can produce infinitely many coexisting attractors. By introducing a boosted control of cosine function to an original chaotic system, as the initial conditions periodically change, the proposed chaotic system can spontaneously output infinitely many chaotic sequences of different amplitudes in two directions in the phase plane. This means that the proposed system can output more key information as a pseudo-random signal generator (PRSG). This is of great significance in the research of weak signal detection. In comparison with the original chaotic system, the chaotic behavior of the proposed system is obviously enhanced due to the introduction of the boosted control function. Then, by adding the mathematical models of a weak signal and a noise signal to the proposed chaotic system, a new chaotic oscillator, which is sensitive to the weak signal, can be restructured. With the change of weak signal amplitude and angular frequency, the dynamical state of the detection system will generate a big difference, which indicates that the weak signal can be detected successfully. Finally, the proposed chaotic system model is physically realized by DSP (Digital Signal Processing), which shows its feasibility in industrial implementation. Especially, since a third-order chaotic system is the lowest-dimensional continuous system that can generate infinitely many coexisting attractors, the proposed chaotic system is of great value in the basic research of chaos.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (23) ◽  
pp. 11480
Hongjiang Cui ◽  
Ying Guan ◽  
Wu Deng

Aiming at the problems of poor decomposition quality and the extraction effect of a weak signal with strong noise by empirical mode decomposition (EMD), a novel fault diagnosis method based on cascaded adaptive second-order tristable stochastic resonance (CASTSR) and EMD is proposed in this paper. In the proposed method, low-frequency interference components are filtered by using high-pass filtering, and the restriction conditions of stochastic resonance theory are solved by using an ordinary variable-scale method. Then, a chaotic ant colony optimization algorithm with a global optimization ability is employed to adaptively adjust the parameters of the second-order tristable stochastic resonance system to obtain the optimal stochastic resonance, and noise reduction pretreatment technology based on CASTSR is developed to enhance the weak signal characteristics of low frequency. Next, the EMD is employed to decompose the denoising signal and extract the characteristic frequency from the intrinsic mode function (IMF), so as to realize the fault diagnosis of rolling bearings. Finally, the numerical simulation signal and actual bearing fault data are selected to prove the validity of the proposed method. The experiment results indicate that the proposed fault diagnosis method can enhance the decomposition quality of the EMD, effectively extract features of weak signals, and improve the accuracy of fault diagnosis. Therefore, the proposed fault diagnosis method is an effective fault diagnosis method for rotating machinery.

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