Concha Bullosa
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P. K. Roopa Rajavarthini ◽  
I. Venkatraman

Multi detector computed tomography (MDCT) scan of paranasal sinuses has become mandatory for all patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery. It depicts the anatomical variations in much simpler way and acts as a roadmap for endoscopic sinus surgery. In this study the maximum of participants were in the age group of 41- 50 years (32 %). The mean age of the study participants was observed to be 43.8 ± 15.6 years. HRCT PNS results shows nasal septum was found to be the most common anatomical variant (DNS- 94%). Concha Bullosa in right side were seen in 37.5% and left side were 21.9% (total unilateral cases- 59.4%) and bilateral Concha Bullosa were seen in 40.6% of the cases. Agger nasi were found to be present in 58% of the CRS cases among which right AN was 41%, left side was 30.8%, and bilateral AN were seen in 28.2% of the cases and Paradoxical Middle Turbinate were seen in 42% of cases in our study. Medialised uncinate was seen in 22% of the cases.

Yalagandula Vijaya Lakshmi ◽  
Thakur Dinesh Singh ◽  
Razia Fathima ◽  
Vaddi Hemanth Kumar

<p class="abstract"><strong>Background:</strong> Pneumatization of nasal turbinates is called concha bullosa. Most often it involves the middle turbinate and is one of the commonest variants of sinonasal anatomy. Bulbous and extensive type of concha bullosa may lead to narrowing or even complete blockage of osteomeatal complex. This alters the normal airflow and drainage pathways of mucous, resulting in mucosal edema which obstructs the ethmoidal infundibulum and osteomeatal obstruction leading to sinusitis. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of concha bullosa and assess its role in causation of chronic rhinosinusitis. The objective was to determine the incidence of concha bullosa and assess its role in chronic rhinosinusitis.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Methods:</strong> A retrospective study of 120 patients suffering from chronic sinusitis of age group 18 years to 70 years old were taken between March 2018 to January 2021 at Malla Reddy institute of medical sciences (MRIMS) who had nasal symptoms significant enough to warrant a CT paranasal sinus (CT PNS) with positive findings. All PNSs involved were identified for sinus disease. Concha bullosa identified and graded into small, moderate and large. Patients with history of previous nasal surgeries were excluded.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Results:</strong> Our study showed 54% cases of chronic sinusitis with concha bullosa.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Concha bullosa may be one of the predisposing factors of chronic rhinosinusitis and hence surgical manipulation by functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is important to prevent recurrence of sinusitis.</p>

2021 ◽  
pp. 194589242110294
Umberto D’Agostino Fiorenza ◽  
Chiara Spoldi ◽  
Liudmila Nekrasova ◽  
Carlotta Pipolo ◽  
Paolo Lozza ◽  

Background Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH), associated with enophthalmos and hypoglobus in the silent sinus syndrome (SSS), is a poorly studied condition. The real incidence of MSH and SSS in the adult population is not known. Our study aims at estimating the radiological prevalence of MSH and identifying undiagnosed cases of SSS in a retrospective cohort. Methods A cross-sectional retrospective cohort study was performed in adults, without a history of maxillofacial surgery or trauma, undergoing head CT scans. A radiological database of 1012 consecutive scans was reviewed independently by two authors to identify patients with signs of MSH and SSS and associated findings (septal deviation, uncinate deviation, concha bullosa, sinus opacification, bony rarefaction, and pterygopalatine fossa enlargement). The findings of MSH and SSS were compared with radiological reports. Results 891 eligible CT scans were analyzed. MSH and SSS prevalences were 6.17% (n = 55) and 0,56% (n = 5), respectively. The maxillary sinus was normally or partially ventilated in 96.36% of MSH patients. Lateralization of the uncinate process was detected in about 50% of MSH patients, while a septal deviation towards the affected sinus was detected in 21.82%. In 20% of MSH scans, a concha bullosa was identified. Radiological reports identified a single MSH case. Conclusions Our study confirmed the literature data on MSH prevalence, while it determined a precedently unknown prevalence for SSS, underestimated in the radiology reports. This prevalence needs further confirmation but suggests a routine accurate comparison of both maxillary sinuses in CT scans.

2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (1) ◽  
Kamal Ebeid ◽  
Mohamed H. Askar

Abstract Background The concha bullosa is a pneumatized nasal turbinate commonly middle turbinate but that of the inferior turbinate is an uncommon entity. A giant inferior conchal pneumatization with mucocele formation is not reported in the literature till now. Case presentation A 17-year-old female patient presented with bilateral severe nasal obstruction. Anterior rhinoscopy and endoscopic examination revealed a giant mass which filled the left nasal cavity completely, pushing the septum to the contralateral side. The paranasal sinus CT showed a mass in the left nasal cavity ballooning the whole nasal cavity with compression of the nasal septum to the right side. MRI was done and the lesion was hyperintense in T2 MRI sequences and hypointense in T1 sequences consistent with a cystic lesion. The patient was consented and prepared for endoscopic resection under general anesthesia. The lesion was completely separated from the nasal septum and the orbit but attached to the lateral nasal wall at the site of origin of the inferior turbinate. Conchoplasty was done and patient follow-up for 9 years is excellent with complete disappearance of all patient symptoms. Conclusions Concha bullosa of the inferior turbinate should be considered in the differential diagnosis of nasal tumors, nasal cystic lesions, and preoperative evaluation of endoscopic sinus surgery. Also, a systematic approach for dealing with nasal lesions with thorough examination and radiological review will be of great value in decision-making. The anatomy of the paranasal should be thoroughly examined prior to endoscopic sinus surgery to develop treatment strategies and to prevent possible complications.

2021 ◽  
pp. 014556132110284
Mohammed Basurrah ◽  
Il Hwan Lee ◽  
Do Hyun Kim ◽  
Sung Won Kim ◽  
Soo Whan Kim

Objective: We investigated the anatomical and dental factors associated with unilateral maxillary sinus fungal ball (MSFB). Also, we evaluated the effect of combinations of those factors on the incidence of MSFB. Methods: Three hundred patients were divided into MSFB, normal, and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) groups. We reviewed paranasal computed tomography scans for the presence of deviated nasal septum, concha bullosa (CB), Haller cells, and various dental factors. Also, we measured the ethmoid infundibulum, maxillary natural ostium, and CB. Results: Maxillary sinus fungal ball showed a more significant association with CB compared to the other 2 groups (37%, P < .05). The MSFB group had a lower rate of Haller cells than the normal group (10% vs 22%, respectively; P < .05). Also, the MSFB group had a wider maxillary sinus ostium than the normal group (7.07 ± 1.8 vs 5.48 ± 1.3 mm; P < .01). Moreover, the combination of CB and Haller cells was significantly associated with a decreased rate of the fungal ball ( P = .047, odds ratio = 0.694). The dental factors were more prevalent in the MSFB and CRS groups (73% and 75%, respectively) than in the normal group (32%, P < .001). Conclusions: Maxillary sinus fungal ball is significantly associated with CB, Haller cells, an increased maxillary sinus ostium size, and dental factors.

Musleh Mubaraki ◽  
Radeif Shamakhi ◽  
Ramzi Dighriri ◽  
Ali Alzarei

<p class="abstract"><strong>Background:</strong> The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of middle turbinate pneumatization in patients of Southern region of Saudi Arabia.<strong> </strong> </p><p class="abstract"><strong>Methods:</strong> This study used a retrospective radiological design to analyze computed tomography scans of 117 patients aged between 18 and 80 years of Southern region in Saudi Arabia were used in this study. Patients with altered anatomy (iatrogenic or pathological) were excluded, CT scans were analysed to determine the prevalence of middle turbinate pneumatization in patients of Southern region of Saudi Arabia.  </p><p class="abstract"><strong>Results:</strong> There were forty percent (40%) male cases and sixty percent (60%) female cases. Concha bullosa (CB) was discovered in 17 (14.5%) of the cases, with 4 cases (23%) being bilateral and 13 (76%) being unilateral. 7 (53%) of unilateral cases were on the right side, while 6 (47%) were on the left.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> CB was discovered in 17 (14.5%) of the cases, in patients of Southern region of Saudi Arabia, most of them unilateral by 76%. That’s indicate there is significant number of patients have CB and surgeon should consider it one of his differential diagnosis in patient with nasal obstruction.</p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-60
Rani Rahmawati

This study aims to determine the correlation between the anatomical variations of nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and the quality of life based on SNOT-22 score in the patients who underwent paranasal sinuses CT scan. The samples are 36 patients with age ≥ 18 years. The method is Chi Square test / Fisher's test and Spearman’s rho test. The results showed that anatomical variations of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses from most of the patients who underwent paranasal sinuses CT scan had septal deviation n = 29, p = 0.007 (p <0.05) and concha bullosa n = 15, p = 0.029 (p <0.05). There was a significant correlation between total anatomical variation and quality of life based on SNOT-22 score in the patients who underwent paranasal sinuses CT scan p = 0.025 (p <0.05). There was no correlation between the anatomical variations of frontal cells, agger nasi cells, ethmoid bulla, uncinate process and haller cells and the quality of life based on SNOT-22 score in the patients who underwent paranasal sinuses CT scan.  

Cureus ◽  
2021 ◽  
Abdullah S Alkhaldi ◽  
Riyadh Alhedaithy ◽  
Yazeed Alghonaim

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