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Retos ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 45 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Antonio José Cardona Linares ◽  
Julio Ángel Herrador Sánchez ◽  
África Calvo Lluch

  Los inicios de la Expresión Corporal (EC) han sido y están siendo analizados desde diferentes perspectivas. Este trabajo ha pretendido profundizar en los comienzos acaecidos a lo largo del siglo XX, en donde esta disciplina emergente se nutrió de múltiples fuentes: de lo social, las artes, la educación, la psicología, etc. Patricia Stokoe (1919-1996), dedicó su vida al estudio de la Expresión Corporal-Danza (ECy D). Considerada como una de las iniciadoras en este campo (Kalmar, 2005; Cardona, 2009; Ruano & Sánchez, 2009). Su obra sigue siendo referente en la actualidad y está presente en gran parte de la producción científica que se genera en esta disciplina. Es la investigación de Cardona (2009), en donde se ha profundizado en el estudio de la vida y la obra de la autora. Exponemos aquí cómo se llevó a cabo dicha investigación cualitativa. Se hizo un tratamiento descriptivo transversal, utilizando el análisis de documentos y las entrevistas. Realizamos más de treinta entrevistas entre Buenos Aires y España. Estableciéndose 4 dimensiones/campos que aportaron estructura y claridad al estudio: análisis de la vida; análisis de las influencias en la vida y la obra; análisis de la obra; ensayo bibliográfico de la obra. Se obtuvieron unos resultados y conclusiones que convierte a Patricia Stokoe en una de las pioneras en la construcción y génesis de la Expresión Corporal.  Abstract: The beginnings of corporal expression have been and are being analyzed from different perspectives. This work has attempted to delve into the beginnings that occurred throughout the 20th century, when this emerging discipline was nourished by multiple sources: society, arts, education, psychology, etc. Patricia Stokoe (1919-1996), devoted her life to the study of body language-dance. Considered one of the initiators in this field (Kalmar, 2005; Cardona, 2009; Ruano & Sánchez, 2009), her work continues to be a reference nowadays and it is present in a large part of the scientific production generated in this discipline. It is in the research by Cardona (2009), who carried out a doctoral thesis, where the study of the life and work of the author has been deepened. We present here how this qualitative research was carried out. A cross-sectional descriptive treatment was carried out, using the analysis of documents and interviews. We conducted more than thirty interviews between Buenos Aires and Spain, establishing 4 dimensions / fields that provided structure and clarity to the study: life analysis; analysis of the influences on life and work; analysis of the work; bibliographic essay of the work. We obtained results that make the life and work of Patricia Stokoe one of the pioneers in the construction and genesis of corporal expression.  

2022 ◽  
Michael Joe Munyua Gachomba ◽  
Joan Esteve-Agraz ◽  
Kevin Caref ◽  
Aroa Sanz-Maroto ◽  
Helena Bortolozzo-Gleich ◽  

Animals often display prosocial behaviours, performing actions that benefit others. Although prosociality is essential for social bonding and cooperation, we still know very little about how animals integrate behavioural cues from those in need to make decisions that increase their wellbeing. To address this question, we used a two-choice task where rats can provide rewards to a conspecific in the absence of self-benefit, and interrogated which conditions promote prosociality by manipulating the social context of the interacting animals. While sex or degree of familiarity did not affect prosocial choices in rats, social hierarchy revealed to be a potent modulator, with dominant decision-makers showing faster emergence and higher levels of prosocial choices towards their submissive cage-mates. Leveraging quantitative analysis of multimodal social dynamics prior to choice, we identified that pairs with dominant decision-makers exhibited more proximal interactions in social distance. Interestingly, these more coordinated interactions were driven by submissive animals that modulated their position and movement towards their dominants and increased 50kHz vocalisation rate when their partners were going to behave selfishly. This display of multimodal cues by submissive animals while signalling need promoted social saliency and a faster emergence of prosocial choices from dominant rats. Multivariate analysis highlighted non-canonical body language as the main information dominants use on a trial-by-trial basis to learn that their actions have effects on others. Our results provide a refined understanding of the behavioural dynamics that rats use for action-selection upon perception of socially relevant cues and navigate social decision-making.

Radiant ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 176-194
Puja Indriana Nasution ◽  
Rahmadsyah Rangkuti ◽  
Muhammad Yusuf

Webtoon is one of the mediums in delivering thoughts, point of view and life values with others; one of them is sweet home webtoon. By using visual Semiotic analysis, this study aimed to identify signs used in the Webtoon Sweet Home and to interpret the meanings of the Semiotic signs used in the Webtoon. The data source of this study is the serial comic entitled Sweet Home in the Webtoon which were technically collected using the qualitative method and visual materials in addition to applying the LINE Webtoon. Twenty six data were analyzed using the Visual Semiotic study proposed by Charles Sanders Peirce, including representamen, object and interpretant. Additionally, this study used three steps in interpreting the signs namely, non-verbal communicative legisign, framing techniques and communicative act. The study found that legisign was used on the panels in the Webtoon Sweet Home has general information in which the writer wishes to tell the readers. The legisign represents the meaning of the images portrayed in the Webtoon. Furthermore, the non-verbal communication legisign was identified based on facial expression, body language, posture and gesture. The framing technique concern what image shows, and the communicative act was analyzed based on the verbal sign found the Webtoon Sweet Home.

2022 ◽  
Ulf Lubienetzki ◽  
Heidrun Schüler-Lubienetzki

Kepes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (25) ◽  
pp. 223-256
Armando Collazos Vidal ◽  
Jesús Montoya-Herrera ◽  
Rafael Peralbo Cano

The conception of the actor as a living being who keeps his body engaged in a fictional time to create a scenic truth, is related to the real, present and above all trained body. This body, generator of signals meant to be understood by the observer, involves an inner understanding of signs and images that originate beyond its boundaries. The objective of this reflexive article is to propose a “form”2 type of Tai Chi Chuan as a limited and instinctive process, using its ideographic imagery as a guide for the creation of a “movement score”3 , a resource for the actor to scrutinize the action that this imagery engenders and the relationship it establishes with his or her body language. The methodology is premised on an initial consideration that fans out into different possible analyses, until finally culminating in a “meta-reflection”4 , based on prior knowledge and experience in both theater and Tai Chi Chuan. The above includes theoretical and practical aspects that allow dealing with the analysis of Tai Chi Chuan ideograms as images for their representation, to create a movement score from them. The didactics discovers those elements which might potentially help capture Tai Chi Chuan through its calligraphy and vice versa, adapting and reinterpreting understood aspects to the actor’s physical training, which will be evaluated and implemented in the future in the stage environment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 34
Andri Maijar ◽  
Novi Budiman ◽  
Marhen Marhen

This article aims to assess how women in the Minangkabau social structure are represented in the film Tengelamnya Kapal Vanderwijck. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method using a scientific approach to cinematography, body language, and culture to analyze the relationship between elements including setting/attributes, ceremonial costumes. This research is dissected by the theory of social structure and feminism in Minangkabau traditional culture. The analysis of this film finds that the film Tenggelammnya Kapal Vanderwijck criticizes the position of women in the form of customary rules in Minangkabau in the decision to choose a life partner, which is determined by Uncle (mamak).

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 572-596
Bahat Haseeb Ali Qaradakhy ◽  
Azad Ramazan Ali

Although for many years the new media has occupied large areas of the world of media and communication, television has not lost its importance and the importance of its programs, while channels are constantly trying to renew and develop their technologies and contents. Hence the most difficult and fateful task on the radio and tv presenter. This research is a theoretical and applied attempt to analyze and discover the skills of the tv presenter in both the fields of speech and body language.

Itinera ◽  
2021 ◽  
Caterina Piccione

In the pages of Diderot, theatre is able to enclose a precise sense of movement. By distancing itself from conventions, poses, mannerisms, and affectations, the stage gesture can embody a fundamental dynamism and vitalism. Such a gesture should be read in the light of Diderot’s materialistic conception of nature. The centrality of body language and of pantomime is a leitmotiv of the art of the French eighteenth-century actor. However, in Diderot’s formulation of a dramaturgy of space and motion, as well as in the theorization of the aesthetic relationship between actor and spectator, we find a peculiar synthesis of the dichotomies illusion / fiction and sensitivity / detachment, which emerge with regard to the fictional status of theatre in the Enlightenment environment. In this sense, the analogy with the pictorial sphere turns out to be a fundamental resource. There is a sort of circular reasoning that induces in Diderot the desire of reforming theatre on the basis of painting: a painting which is however conceived in a radically dramatic way. Concepts such as absorption, theatricalization, decisive moment, unity of action, and fourth wall are applied to theatre as well as to painting. Therefore, they can be included within a more general interpretation of the sense of movement, according to the principles of fluidity, harmony, and transformation that regulate both nature and the work of art.

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