oryza sativa
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2022 ◽  
Vol 194 ◽  
pp. 113044
Umaporn Uawisetwathana ◽  
Watchareewan Jamboonsri ◽  
Jakrin Bamrungthai ◽  
Prapatsorn Jitthiang ◽  
Intawat Nookaew ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 423 ◽  
pp. 127175
Muhammad Riaz ◽  
Muhammad Kamran ◽  
Muhammad Rizwan ◽  
Shafaqat Ali ◽  
Xiurong Wang

Plant Science ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 315 ◽  
pp. 111145
Chao Li ◽  
Xue-Jiao Liu ◽  
Yan Yan ◽  
Mohammad Shah Alam ◽  
Zhen Liu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 038-046
Zipporah Page ◽  
David P Tokpah ◽  
Khady N Drame ◽  
Zogbo Luther ◽  
Victor M Voor ◽  

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple food crop in many countries in Africa. Africa consumes 11.6 million tons of rice per annum and out of 39 rice-producing countries, 21 import 50% to 99% of their rice requirements. The inability to reach the yield potential that would sustain Africa’s need for rice is due to many biotic and abiotic constraints that rice production faces. In lowland grown rice, one of the abiotic factors hindering rice production is iron toxicity. Excess uptake of ferrous (Fe2+) ions leads to a physiological stress, which results, into poor production. The current study aimed at selection of varieties tolerant to iron toxicity and assessment of the genetic diversity linked to this trait. In a hydroponic experiment conducted in a screen house at Africa Rice Centre in Dar es Salaam, 32 rice varieties were evaluated for tolerance to iron toxicity. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with iron concentration as the main plot factor and variety as the sub plot factor. Two levels of iron concentration were used: 2 ppm and 300 ppm of Fe2+ as control and test concentrations, respectively. Traits observed to gauge tolerance were leaf bronzing (an indicator of iron toxicity), plant height, tillering, number of leaves, shoot weight (above ground), root length and root weight. The varieties ARICA8, and CK801 were found to be tolerant due to low bronzing indices, higher shoot weight, more number of leaves and lack of significant variation in morphology between the two Fe treatments except for the plant height. Correlation analysis depicted negative correlation between leaf bronzing and the other traits measured especially shoot biomass.

2022 ◽  
Manjari Mishra ◽  
Ray Singh Rathore ◽  
Sneh L Singla‐Pareek ◽  
Ashwani Pareek

Haroon Rasheed ◽  
Sajid Fiaz ◽  
Muhammad Abid Khan ◽  
Sultan Mehmood ◽  
Faizan Ullah ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 56 (1) ◽  
pp. 302-310
Farhamzah Farhamzah ◽  
Anggun Hari Kusumawati ◽  
Maulana Yusuf Alkandahri ◽  
Himyatul Hidayah ◽  
Dani Sujana ◽  

Raphael Lucas Jacinto Almeida ◽  
Newton Carlos Santos ◽  
Carlos Eduardo Padilha ◽  
Mércia Melo Almeida Mota ◽  
Virgínia Mirtes Alcântara Silva ◽  

Liangzi Cao ◽  
Shukun Jiang ◽  
Guohua Ding ◽  
Tongtong Wang ◽  
Liangming Bai ◽  

AbstractThe cold tolerance of germinating direct-sown rice (Oryza sativa L.) has an increased rate of emergence, which ensures vigorous seedling growth. Research on QTL localization for cold tolerance at the germination stage can assist in molecular marker-assisted selection and enhance breeding efficiency. In this study, 94 populations of recombinant self-incompatible lines from Heigu and Ha 9366 were selected to investigate germination rates at low temperatures. It was found that two QTL loci (qLTG-3 and qLTG-12) were located at different germination times on chromosomes 3 and 12, respectively. The two QTLs at three different germination times, located using QTL, accounted for 21.3–25.9% of the phenotypic variation. Moreover, a reciprocal effect was detected between the two QTLs. The double QTLs increased the germination rate by 22–27% in this population. Additionally, qLTG-12 improved cold tolerance at the seedling stage. The results of this study might provide the materials and molecular markers for future molecular marker-assisted breeding for cold tolerance at the germination stage.

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