bone healing
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 897-906
XiaoChen Ju ◽  
Hao Chai ◽  
Sasirekha Krishnan ◽  
Abinaya Jaisankar ◽  
Murugan Ramalingam ◽  

Acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a key structure that stabilizes knee joints. The objective of this research is to investigate the influence of ligament remnants preserved on the tendon-bone healing following ACL reconstruction and to examine postoperative articular cartilage degeneration in rabbit as a model animal. Sixty New Zealand rabbits are randomly divided into an ACL reconstruction without remnant preservation group (Group A; n = 30) or ACL reconstruction with remnant preservation group (Group B; n = 30). The expression of HIF-1α, VEGF, and micro vessel density (MVD) in the transplanted tendon was detected by immunohistochemical staining at week 6 and 12 after the operation. The signal intensity of the transplanted tendon was observed by MRI scanning, and the width of the bone tunnel was measured by CT scanning at week 6 and 12 after the operation. The graft biomechanics was tested 12 weeks after the operation. The JNK and MMP-13 expression levels were compared to analyze the cartilage degeneration of the knee at week 12 after the operation. The experimental results were analyzed and showed that the remnant-preserving ACL reconstruction is beneficial for bone healing of the tendon in rabbits, but ACL reconstruction with or without ligament remnants preserved will not affect knee articular cartilage degeneration post-surgery.

Bone Reports ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 16 ◽  
pp. 101157
Daniel Chaverri ◽  
Daniel Vivas ◽  
Santiago Gallardo-Villares ◽  
Fernando Granell-Escobar ◽  
Javier A. Pinto ◽  

Guilherme Aparecido Monteiro Duque da Fonseca ◽  
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti ◽  
José Daniel de Souza Maior ◽  
Juliana da Silva Pereira ◽  
Leandro augusto Pinto ◽  

M. Orth ◽  
T. Fritz ◽  
J. Stutz ◽  
C. Scheuer ◽  
B. Ganse ◽  

Deficient angiogenesis and disturbed osteogenesis are key factors for the development of nonunions. Mineral-coated microparticles (MCM) represent a sophisticated carrier system for the delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2. In this study, we investigated whether a combination of VEGF- and BMP-2-loaded MCM (MCM + VB) with a ratio of 1:2 improves bone repair in non-unions. For this purpose, we applied MCM + VB or unloaded MCM in a murine non-union model and studied the process of bone healing by means of radiological, biomechanical, histomorphometric, immunohistochemical and Western blot techniques after 14 and 70 days. MCM-free non-unions served as controls. Bone defects treated with MCM + VB exhibited osseous bridging, an improved biomechanical stiffness, an increased bone volume within the callus including ongoing mineralization, increased vascularization, and a histologically larger total periosteal callus area consisting predominantly of osseous tissue when compared to defects of the other groups. Western blot analyses on day 14 revealed a higher expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and vice versa reduced expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) in bone defects treated with MCM + VB. On day 70, these defects exhibited an increased expression of erythropoietin (EPO), EPO-receptor and BMP-4. These findings indicate that the use of MCM for spatiotemporal controlled delivery of VEGF and BMP-2 shows great potential to improve bone healing in atrophic non-unions by promoting angiogenesis and osteogenesis as well as reducing early osteoclast activity.

Kun Liu ◽  
Xin Luo ◽  
Zhao-Yong Lv ◽  
Yu-Jue Zhang ◽  
Zhen Meng ◽  

The effective healing of a bone defect is dependent on the careful coordination of inflammatory and bone-forming cells. In the current work, pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages were co-cultured with primary murine bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), in vitro, to establish the cross-talk among polarized macrophages and BMSCs, and as well as their effects on osteogenesis. Meanwhile, macrophages influence the osteogenesis of BMSCs through paracrine forms such as exosomes. We focused on whether exosomes of macrophages promote osteogenic differentiation. The results indicated that M1 and M2 polarized macrophage exosomes all can promote osteogenesis of BMSCs. Especially, M1 macrophage-derived exosomes promote osteogenesis of BMSCs through microRNA-21a-5p at the early stage of inflammation. This research helps to develop an understanding of the intricate interactions among BMSCs and macrophages, which can help to improve the process of bone healing as well as additional regenerative processes by local sustained release of exosomes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 446
Keng-Liang Ou ◽  
Ping-Jen Hou ◽  
Bai-Hung Huang ◽  
Hsin-Hua Chou ◽  
Tzu-Sen Yang ◽  

In the original publication, there was a mistake in Figure 2a as published [...]

James W.M. Kigera ◽  
Peter B. Gichangi ◽  
Adel K.M. Abdelmalek ◽  
Julius A. Ogeng'o

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document