fiber composites
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2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 105962
Xianhui Zhao ◽  
Katie Copenhaver ◽  
Lu Wang ◽  
Matthew Korey ◽  
Douglas J. Gardner ◽  

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 328
Ritesh Ghimire ◽  
Frank Liou

Multifunctional carbon fiber composites provide promising results such as high strength-to-weight ratio, thermal and electrical conductivity, high-intensity radiated field, etc. for aerospace applications. Tailoring the electrical and structural properties of 3D-printed composites is the critical step for multifunctional performance. This paper presents a novel method for evaluating the effects of the coating material system on the continuous carbon fiber strand on the multifunctional properties of 3D-printed composites and the material’s microstructure. A new method was proposed for the quasi-static characterization of the Compressive-Electrical properties on the additively manufactured continuous carbon fiber solid laminate composites. In this paper, compressive and electrical conductivity tests were simultaneously conducted on the 3D-printed test coupons at ambient temperature. This new method modified the existing method of addressing monofunctional carbon fiber composites by combining the monofunctionality of two or more material systems to achieve the multifunctional performance on the same component, thereby reducing the significant weight. The quasi-static multifunctional properties reported a maximum compressive load of 4370 N, ultimate compressive strength of 136 MPa, and 61.2 G Ohms of electrical resistance. The presented method will significantly reduce weight and potentially replace the bulky electrical wires in spacecraft, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), and aircraft.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 331-344
Xiangxin Du ◽  
Zheng Zhou ◽  
Zhao Zhang ◽  
Liqin Yao ◽  
Qilong Zhang ◽  

AbstractPiezoelectric nanogenerators (PENGs) that can harvest mechanical energy from ambient environment have broad prospects for multi-functional applications. Here, multi-layered piezoelectric composites with a porous structure based on highly oriented Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/PVDF (PZT/PVDF) electrospinning fibers are prepared via a laminating method to construct high-performance PENGs. PZT particles as piezoelectric reinforcing phases are embedded in PVDF fibers and facilitate the formation of polar β phase in PVDF. The multi-layered, porous structure effectively promotes the overall polarization and surface bound charge density, resulting in a highly efficient electromechanical conversion. The PENG based on 10 wt% PZT/PVDF composite fibers with a 220 µm film thickness outputs an optimal voltage of 62.0 V and a power of 136.9 µW, which are 3.4 and 6.5 times those of 10 wt% PZT/PVDF casting film-based PENG, respectively. Importantly, the PENG shows a high sensitivity of 12.4 V·N−1, presenting a significant advantage in comparison to PENGs with other porous structures. In addition, the composites show excellent flexibility with a Young’s modulus of 227.2 MPa and an elongation of 262.3%. This study shows a great potential application of piezoelectric fiber composites in flexible energy harvesting devices.

Prabu Krishnasamy ◽  
G Rajamurugan ◽  
B Muralidharan ◽  
Ravi Krishnaiah

Abstract Composite materials are revolutionizing to realize the demanding needs of aeronautical, automobile, construction, chemical, and biomedical applications. The natural fiber composite is chosen as one of the best choices among composites due to its sustainable goods like eco-friendly nature, better properties and Greenhouse gas (GHG) balance. Furthermore, the bast fiber composites are identified as promising industrial composites based on the availability, strength-to-weight ratio, manufacturing ease, and economics for commercialization. However, product quality and production volume significantly influence commercial adoption of the bast fiber composites. Especially the product quality primarily suffer due to climatic conditions, damage while harvesting, extraction method, retting issues, and extraction location. Consequently, this review aims to provide an overview of the bast fibers & their composites, properties enhancement techniques, overall mechanical behaviours and thermal stability with suitable applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Shuichi Tanoue ◽  
Hideyuki Uematsu

Abstract In this paper, we discussed the characteristics and properties of polypropylene (PP)/magnesium oxide (MgO) composites prepared by melt compounding. In addition, we also discussed the effect of adding vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF) to PP/MgO composite on the properties of the composites. The thermal conductivity of PP/MgO increased with MgO content. In the region of MgO content of more than 30 vol%, the thermal conductivity of PP/MgO with MgO-10 (particle size of 10 μm) is the largest by comparison of other PP/MgO with different MgO sizes. The thermal conductivity of PP/MgO became increased by adding VGCF in PP/MgO. According to the estimation of thermal conductivity using Bruggeman’s equation, no synergistic effect was observed by adding VGCF into the PP/MgO composite. The surface resistance of PP/MgO significantly decreased by adding VGCF at a content of more than 3 vol%. At VGCF content of 1 vol%, the surface resistance of the composite became large, and the value was more than 109 Ω/sq. In addition, the Non-Newtonian property of PP/MgO composite melt was enhanced by the addition of VGCF into the composite.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
R. Rangaraj ◽  
S. Sathish ◽  
T. L. D. Mansadevi ◽  
R. Supriya ◽  
Raviteja Surakasi ◽  

The aim of the present work is to develop novel hybrid composites using areca, kenaf, and snake grass fibers as reinforcement and epoxy as the matrix. The areca, kenaf, and snake grass fibers were extracted from Catechu Linnaeus, Hibiscus cannabinus, and Sansevieria Ehrenbergii plants, respectively, and treated with 5% NaOH to improve the interfacial adhesion between the hydrophilic fiber and the hydrophobic matrix. Hybrid composites were developed by the compression molding technique and formulated based on the weight fraction of fibers. Tensile, flexural, and impact strength and hardness samples were prepared as per ASTM D 3039, ASTM D 790, ASTM D 256, and ASTM D 2240, respectively. The effects of alkaline treatment on developed hybrid composites were investigated. The developed hybrid composites with 20% wt. snake grass and 10% wt. areca fiber present interesting mechanical properties with a tensile strength of 58 MPa, flexural strength of 124 MPa, impact strength of 5.24 kJ/m2, and hardness of 88. The results indicate that maximum mechanical properties were obtained for alkaline-treated fiber composites with 20% wt. snake grass fiber compared to untreated fiber composites owing to better adhesion between the treated fiber and the matrix. The effect of alkaline treatment was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared. The fractured surfaces of tested samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy.

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