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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jun Xu ◽  
Xia Liu ◽  
Yundan Xiao ◽  
Xiaohui Fang ◽  
Yingsheng Cheng ◽  
...  

Background: Due to the novel coronavirus epidemic, medical workers are under immense psychological pressure. As such, the East Campus of Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital actively adopted the Symptoms Checklist 90 (SCL-90) to evaluate the mental health of hospital staff before and after the psychological intervention from the Employee Assistance Program (EAP).Methods: Medical workers from the East Campus of Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital were recruited for this study. Psychological evaluations were conducted using the SCL-90, with a score of >160 regarded as a positive result, or in other words, an indication of abnormal psychological symptoms. The EAP adopted different forms of psychological interventions for healthcare professionals, and participation in these measures was entirely voluntary. Medical workers completed the SCL-90 again after participating in the psychological intervention, and we analyzed the changes between their two assessments.Results: Of the 1,198 total medical staff present at the hospital, 844 participated in the initial survey, while only 652 completed the survey a second time (i.e., post-psychological intervention). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that the psychological status of hospital staff was correlated with gender, education background, and fertility status (P < 0.05). The results showed that, compared with women, men's mental health status was better, with an OR value of 0.598 (0.372–0.962). Groups with high school, junior high school, and below education levels were at higher risk of psychological problems, with OR values of 23.655 (2.815–198.784) and 9.09 (2.601–31.801), respectively. Administrative occupations and having two or more children were protective factors for mental health, and the OR values were 0.400 (0.175–0.912) and 0.327 (0.152–0.703), respectively.Following the psychological intervention, we found that the mental health of hospital workers improved, as indicated by their second SCL-90 evaluations, although the proportion of medical staff willing to participate in the second evaluation was lower than the initial assessment. There were differences in the SCL-90 scores among different occupations, and there were also differences in the scores of employees of different occupations who had participated in the two evaluations. The employees of different positions who participated in the two evaluations were matched and analyzed and found that the depression and anxiety of the doctor group were significantly reduced. In the nursing group, the total score, somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, and anxiety were significantly reduced. In the medical technician group, depression, anxiety, and paranoia were reduced considerably. Among office staff, no significant differences were found. Among workers, the total score, depression, and anxiety were significantly reduced.Conclusion: Hospitals have the potential to alleviate and reduce the psychological pressure placed on medical staff members through the EAP, which can actively adopt intervention and guidance measures. The findings of this study have important implications, as reducing abnormal psychological symptoms of healthcare professionals can be helpful in the fight against the coronavirus epidemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Songli Mei ◽  
Leilei Liang ◽  
Hui Ren ◽  
Yueyang Hu ◽  
Zeying Qin ◽  
...  

Objective: The study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among frontline medical staff during the lockdown in Wuhan city, China, due to the COVID-19 outbreak.Methods: The study was conducted in August 2020, which included 516 medical staff between 21 to 65 years. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian, Perceived Stress Scale, Insomnia Severity Index, and Compassion Fatigue Short Scale were used.Results: The results indicated that 10.5% of the medical staff experienced PTSD symptoms, and insomnia severity mediated the effect of perceived stress on PTSD. In addition, compassion fatigue moderated the association between perceived stress and PTSD.Conclusion: The study elucidated the mechanisms underlying the association between perceived stress and PTSD. Moreover, it emphasized the importance of long-term monitoring of the mental health status of frontline medical staff who supported Wuhan. The results can serve as reference for relevant medical and health departments to formulate active interventions and preventive measures against PTSD for unsung heroes who put their lives on the line during difficult times.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-22
Author(s):  
Ping-Shun Chen ◽  
Chia-Che Tsai ◽  
Jr-Fong Dang ◽  
Wen-Tso Huang

BACKGROUND: This research studies a medical staff scheduling problem, which includes government regulations and hospital regulations (hard constraints) and the medical staff’s preferences (soft constraints). OBJECTIVE: The objective function is to minimize the violations (or dissatisfaction) of medical staff’s preferences. METHODS: This study develops three variants of the three-phase modified bat algorithms (BAs), named BA1, BA2, and BA3, in order to satisfy the hard constraints, minimize the dissatisfaction of the medical staff and balance the workload of the medical staff. To ensure workload balance, this study balances the workload among medical staff without increasing the objective function values. RESULTS: Based on the numerical results, the BA3 outperforms the BA1, BA2, and particle swarm optimization (PSO). The robustness of the BA1, BA2, and BA3 is verified. Finally, conclusions are drawn, and directions for future research are highlighted. CONCLUSIONS: The framework of this research can be used as a reference for other hospitals seeking to determine their future medical staff schedule.


2021 ◽  
Vol 62 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nguyen The Luong ◽  
Le Thanh Hai ◽  
Bui Thu Hang ◽  
Dang Duc Nhu

Objective: Evaluation of job satisfaction of medical staff at National Otorhinorarynology Hospital of Vietnam, 2019.Methods: Design a cross-sectional descriptive study, interview 306 health workers according to a set of prepared questionnaires built on the two-factor theory of Ferederick Herzberg.Results: The overall satisfaction rate of medical staff is high, reaching 95.4%. health workers are most satisfied with their relationship with colleagues 93.5%, followed by learning and developmentopportunities 91.8%, income and policies, both are 88.9%, on benefits 88.6%, on supervisor supervision 88.2% and finally on working conditions 82.7%. Logistic regression analysis showedthat the overall satisfaction rate in the married group was lower than the single group (OR=0.75; 95%CI: 0.42-0.99; p<0.05); higher in the group of intermediate and college degrees than in theuniversity group (OR=1.63; 95%CI: 1.12-2.85; p<0.001); in the group working for more than 15 years was higher than that of the group under 5 years (OR=1.66; 95%CI: 1.06-2.23; p<0.05).Conclusion: Effective management in the hospital in the context of financial autonomy helps the satisfaction rate of health workers to be high. It is necessary to improve the infrastructure in some faculties and focus on the group of medical staff with short working years in human resources.


2021 ◽  
Vol 62 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tran Quynh Anh ◽  
Bui Van Tung ◽  
Nguyen Tuan Tai ◽  
Chu Van Thang ◽  
Dang Duc Hoan ◽  
...  

Objective: Description of knowledge on prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) among medical staff in Son Tay general hospital, 2021 and some related factors.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 151 medical staff.Results: The rate of medical staff with fully knowledge of SSI prevention is 36.42%, in which the rate of doctors is 38.3% and of nurses is 35.58%. Age group ≥30 (OR=2.82; 95%CI: 1.12 – 7.13);Department of Surgery (OR=13.61; 95%CI: 5.14 – 35.98); working year ≥10 (OR=2.54; 95%CI: 1.26 – 5.11) and number of patients cared for/day <8 (OR=3.43; 95%CI: 1.26 – 9 ,34) are factorsrelated to the knowledge of medical staff about regarding SSIs.Conclusion: The medical staff’s knowledge of surgical site infection prevention is suboptimal; relevant factors should be considered when conducting ongoing training in the prevention of surgical site infections in hospitals.


2021 ◽  
pp. postgradmedj-2021-140463
Author(s):  
Philip Berry

The importance of trainee medical staff in alerting Trusts to patient safety risks and low-quality care was established by the Francis Report, yet many remain hesitant about speaking up. Known barriers include lack of feedback, sceptical attitudes to the likelihood of change and fear of consequences. The author explores other factors including moral orientation in the workplace, role modelling by senior clinicians, discontinuity, ‘normalisation of deviance’, human reactions to burnout/moral injury, loyalty and the spectrum of motivation. The issues of absent feedback and fear are discussed in detail. Challenges met by those receiving reports are also described, such as how to collate soft intelligence, putting concerns into context (the ‘bigger picture’) and stewardship of resources. Initiatives to encourage reporting of trainees’ concerns such as speak up guardians, ‘Speak Up for Safety’ campaign and simulation training are described. A proposal to embed proactive intelligence-gathering arrangements is presented.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yuanyi Ji ◽  
Junbo Huang ◽  
Guoguo Jiang ◽  
Qiaolan Liu ◽  
Dalei Xiao ◽  
...  

Abstract Background To understand the current situation of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens in a women's and children's hospital and analyze the causes to provide a scientific basis for improving occupational exposure prevention and control measures.Methods We analyzed occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens in a third-class women's and children's hospital from 2015 to 2018, considering the workers’ occupational categories and length of service; the sites, types, and causes of exposure; and the pathogens of the source patients.Results From 2015 to 2018, there were 146 cases of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens, mainly from sharp-instrument injuries (82.2%). Trainees represented the highest proportion of occupational exposure (30.1%), followed by nurses (29.5%). Occupational exposure among staff with less than one year of service accounted for 43.2% of cases. Fisher's exact test showed that different occupational groups had different types of occupational exposure, and nurses had the highest proportion of blood and body fluid exposure (P = 0.008). Different occupational groups faced exposure to different types of pathogens: medical staff were more likely than workmen to be exposed to hepatitis B, while workmen were more likely than medical staff to be exposed to unknown pathogens; these differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). Health records were established for all cases of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens, and no staff members contracted a blood-borne disease due to occupational exposure.Conclusions In order to reduce occupational exposure, regular training in occupational protection for junior medical staff and workers should be strengthened, the monitoring and protection system of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens improved, standard prevention measures strengthened, operations standardized, safe injection equipment provided, and comprehensive measures taken.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2(42)) ◽  
pp. 3-7
Author(s):  
Anastasia Olegovna Varava

The article will discuss the features of the occurrence and application in the judicial practice of civil liability for medical professionals. This problem is particularly relevant in connection with the complications in the provision of medical services due to the spread of coronavirus infection. And this topic is also the most acute problem, because every year the number of criminal and civil proceedings involving doctors and other medical professionals increases. In addition, the resolution of «medical Affairs» there are difficulties associated with the assessment of the medical staff, as you have to consider many factors: the degree of development of medical science; the level of medical practice, etc. And most doctors are not fully aware of the norms of the civil code and bases of civil liability, the knowledge of which may help to reduce the number of such offences.


Healthcare ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (7) ◽  
pp. 906
Author(s):  
Evelyn Mueller ◽  
Georg Bollig ◽  
Gerhild Becker ◽  
Christopher Boehlke

In recent years, so called “Last Aid courses”, concerning end-of-life care for people dying, have successfully been established in community settings in several European countries, Australia, and South-America. To date, they have not been evaluated in hospital settings, where educational needs (concerning care of the dying) are especially high, and may differ from the general population. To evaluate if Last Aid courses are feasible in hospital settings, and if informational needs of hospital staff are met by the curriculum, we introduced Last Aid courses at a university hospital. Five courses were offered; participants of courses 1 and 2 completed surveys with open-ended questions; the answers were used to develop the evaluation questionnaire employed in courses 3–5. In these three courses, 55 of the 56 participants completed an evaluation survey to explore their learning goals and obtain feedback. Courses were fully booked; participants were heterogeneous with regard to their professional background. The most prevalent learning goals were “preparation for emotional aspects in care of dying” (65.5% ratings “very important”), “preparation for medical/care aspects in care of dying” (60.0%), and “knowledge of supportive services and facilities” (54.5%). Overall, the evaluation showed that Last Aid courses were more suitable to educate non-medical hospital staff about care of the dying. Medical staff, in contrast to non-medical staff, more often requested courses with an extended curriculum in order to meet their learning goals. Last Aid courses were well accepted and helped to reduce information deficits on care of the dying in a heterogeneous population of hospital staff.


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