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Desalination ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 523 ◽  
pp. 115393
Author(s):  
Katie M. Brodersen ◽  
Emily A. Bywater ◽  
Alec M. Lanter ◽  
Hayden H. Schennum ◽  
Kumansh N. Furia ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Xuyang Han ◽  
Guimei Wang ◽  
Jiehui Liu ◽  
Lijie Yang ◽  
Pingge Zhang

Permanent-magnet direct-drive belt conveyors (PMDDBCs) rotate at high speed most of the time, resulting in a large number of invalid energy consumption. To realize the speed regulation of PMDDBC, it is necessary to clarify the relationship between the belt speed, coal quantity of the conveyor and total power of the system. Based on the BP neural network, this paper establishes the power consumption model of PMDDBC, which is related to coal quantity, belt speed and total power. Furthermore, an improved hybrid algorithm (GACO) that combines the advantages of genetic algorithm (GA) and ant colony optimization (ACO) is proposed to optimize the BP power consumption model. The GACO–BP power consumption model is obtained. The original power consumption model is compared with the GACO–BP power consumption model through experiments. Results demonstrate that the GACO–BP power consumption model reduces various prediction errors, while the optimization ability, prediction accuracy and convergence speed are significantly enhanced. It provides a reliable speed regulation basis for the permanent-magnet direct-drive belt conveyor system and also provides a theoretical reference for energy savings and consumption reduction in the coal industry.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2160 (1) ◽  
pp. 012045
Author(s):  
Wenfan Li ◽  
Xuxuan Chen ◽  
Man Li

Abstract In view of the difference between the wind speed and the actual wind speed in the example, the wind farm with fifteen direct-drive permanent magnet synchronous motors draws the recorded wind speed data on the coordinates of time and wind speed by linear regression to group the change trend. Secondly, the detailed model of wind farm is built in PSCAD, and the multi-machine equivalent model of wind farm is built by the control current source replacing the permanent magnet synchronous motor and the control part. Finally, the simulation analysis shows that the equivalent model reduces the simulation time and accurately reflects the dynamic and transient properties of the wind farm.


Machines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 27
Author(s):  
Chunzhen Li ◽  
Xinhua Guo ◽  
Jinyuan Fu ◽  
Weinong Fu ◽  
Yulong Liu ◽  
...  

In-wheel direct drive (IWDD) of electric vehicles (EVs), which simplifies the transmission system and facilitates flexible control of vehicle dynamics, has evolved considerably in the EV sector. This paper proposes a novel double-stator double-rotor motor (DSDRM) with a bidirectional flux modulation effect for in-wheel direct drive of EVs. With the proposed special design, a synthetic-slot structure with synthetic materials containing copper and permanent magnets (PMs) in the slots of the motor is ingeniously employed, and the outer and inner rotors are mechanically connected together as a single rotor, making its mechanical structure less complicated than those of two-rotor machines. The main work of this paper involves the design, analysis, construction, and testing of the proposed machine. The DSDRM with a synthetic-slot structure was demonstrated to be feasible by finite element analysis (FEA), prototype fabrication, and experimental results. In addition, vehicle layout with DSDRM is presented and verified by the vehicle road test experiment. Thus, the DSDRM with the synthetic-slot structure can be used as a hub motor for in-wheel direct drive of EVs.


2021 ◽  
pp. 146808742110663
Author(s):  
Ibrahim Eryilmaz ◽  
Huayang Li ◽  
Vassilios Pachidis ◽  
Panagiotis Laskaridis ◽  
Zi-Qiang Zhu ◽  
...  

This manuscript discusses the operation of an electrically driven fan for a hybrid-electric propulsion system for BAe-146 aircraft. The thrust requirement is fed into an integrated cycle and aerodynamic design tool for the sizing of a ducted fan as one of the main propulsors, podded under the wing as a replacement for a turbofan engine. The electric motor design is initiated with the torque and speed requirements and with the dimensional constraints arising from the driven fan geometry. The fan operation and aerodynamic design are derived by changing the fan pressure ratio and hub-to-tip ratio to obtain a 2-D design space. Surface-mounted permanent magnet electric motor designs are mapped on the 2-D fan design space. The design and operational flexibility of the system is investigated through three scenarios. In the first scenario, the aircraft rate of climb is changed to downsize the electric motor. In the second scenario, the electric motor rated frequency is changed to increase the power density and in the third scenario the electric motor current density is changed for the same purpose. The investigated three scenarios provide design and operational guidelines for reducing the weight of the electric motor for a direct drive application.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Zuoshan Li

This article first studies the operating principles of wind turbines, focusing on the analysis of the structure and working principles of permanent magnet direct-drive wind turbines. According to the actual needs of the wind power system, the monitoring objects of the monitoring system are determined, and the overall monitoring plan for wind power generation is proposed to realize real-time analysis of the operating characteristics of the wind power system. At the same time, it pointed out the great significance of the wind power generation simulation experiment system and focused on the wind speed modeling. In terms of hardware research and analysis, relevant sensors, high-speed data acquisition cards, etc., were selected, and relevant signal conditioning circuits were designed, and a permanent magnet direct-drive wind power generation system simulation monitoring platform was constructed. In terms of software, LabVIEW was chosen as the design language of the monitoring system, and it pointed out the advantages of using LabVIEW in this monitoring system. Finally, the system uses the laboratory permanent magnet direct-drive wind turbine as the monitoring object. The practicality and accuracy of the system are verified through experiments such as permanent magnet motor power test, motor speed test, database system test, and remote monitoring test. The experimental results show that the monitoring system has a friendly interface and perfect functions and has important practicability and reference in the field of wind power monitoring.


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