tracheal reconstruction
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Rami Zibdawi ◽  
Ryaan El-Andari ◽  
Michelle Noga ◽  
Matthew Hicks ◽  
M. Muhieldin ◽  

2021 ◽  
Hui-Fu Huang ◽  
Juey-Jen Hwang ◽  
Pei-Ming Huang

BMC Surgery ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Juanjuan Hu ◽  
Haiyang Wang ◽  
Jianli Chen ◽  
Xuelin Pan ◽  
Di Deng ◽  

Abstract Background Subglottic paragangliomas (PGs) are exceptionally rare and unpredictable, occasionally presenting at an atypical location. There are three different clinical forms of subglottic PGs: intraluminal (tracheal PGs), extraluminal (thyroid PGs) and the mixed type (both intraluminal and extraluminal, mixed-subglottic PGs). These tumors are usually misdiagnosed as other relatively common primary thyroid or laryngotracheal tumors, and the treatment is troublesome. Case presentation A 22-year-old male patient with subglottic PGs has been successively misdiagnosed as thyroid tumors and subglottic hemangiomas, and lastly underwent local extended lumpectomy and laryngotracheal reconstruction with a pedicled thoracoacromial artery perforator flap (PTAPF). The patient was decannulated successfully after the second-stage tracheal reconstruction with a local flap, and no evidence of local recurrence and distant metastasis of the tumor until now. Conclusion Subglottic PGs can be easily misdiagnosed as laryngotracheal or thyroid tumors when presented at an atypical location. It is essential for otolaryngologists and head and neck surgeons to remain vigilant against these tumors. If the tumor is not diagnosed or removed completely, patients may encounter a risk of lethal paroxysm, which is incredibly troublesome.

2021 ◽  
Dominic Vernon ◽  
Danielle F. Eytan ◽  
Alexander Hillel ◽  
Kofi Boahene

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Naoki Kaneko ◽  
Tomomi Hasegawa

Abstract Background: Slide tracheoplasty for congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) has been shown to improve post-operative outcomes, but the incidence and risk factors of vocal cord paralysis (VCP) following slide tracheoplasty remain unclear. This study aimed to review our experience of slide tracheoplasty for CTS with a focus on post-operative VCP. Methods: Twenty-eight patients, who underwent tracheal reconstruction with or without cardiovascular repair at Kobe Children’s Hospital between June, 2016 and March, 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. They were divided into two groups based on the presence of a pulmonary artery sling (PA sling). Perioperative variables were compared between the two groups. Results: Twenty-one of the 28 patients underwent concomitant repair for associated cardiovascular anomalies, including 15 patients with PA sling. The overall incidence of VCP following slide tracheoplasty was 28.6%. The incidences of VCP were 46.7% in patients with CTS and PA sling, which were 14.3% in CTS patients without cardiovascular anomalies. The only risk factor associated with VCP following slide tracheoplasty was a concomitant repair for PA sling. Post-operatively, the duration of nasogastric tube feeding in patients with VCP was significantly longer than that in patients without VCP. Conclusions: The incidence of VCP following slide tracheoplasty for CTS was high, especially in concomitant repair cases for PA sling. Routine screening and evaluation of VCP soon after post-operative extubation is required for its appropriate management.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  

Objectives: to find out the long-term results of tracheal reconstruction in terms of presentation, operation, complications, and outcomes of tracheal reconstruction. Methods: In this case-series study, the patients who developed post-intubation tracheal stenosis following respiratory failure were followed up for two years for the possible complications. The patients were diagnosed by experienced pulmonologist in two surgical centers, Erbil and Sulaimaniya in Iraqi Kurdistan in 2017. Results: The number of patients who were included in this study was 20; including males (n=13) and females (n=7) ranged between 18-58 years. The causes of the stenosis in patients were post-intubation (n=18) and post-tracheostomy for trauma (n=5). Most patients underwent extubation after 72 hours. The Myer-Cotton Grade of stenosis were grade 1 (n=1), grade 2 (n=13), and grade 3 (n=6). The major complications were dehiscence (n=3) and anastomotic edema (n=5). The minor complications were granulation (n=13) and mild anastomotic edema (n=1). One patient developed a surgical site infection and one patient developed a mild infection. The anastomotic fibrin deposition was developed in five patients. All patients had excellent satisfaction except for two patients (unsatisfactory). One of these patients died at month 1. The patients had normal medical conditions at different times of follow-ups. Conclusions: This study showed that the results of the patients with post-traumatic tracheal stenosis were acceptable at different times for most of them.

2021 ◽  
Fei Sun ◽  
Yi Lu ◽  
Zhihao Wang ◽  
Hongcan Shi

Tissue engineering technology provides effective alternative treatments for tracheal reconstruction. The formation of a functional microvascular network is essential to support cell metabolism and ensure the long-term survival of grafts. Although several tracheal replacement therapy strategies have been developed in the past, the critical significance of the formation of microvascular networks in 3D scaffolds has not attracted sufficient attention. Here, we review key technologies and related factors of microvascular network construction in tissue-engineered trachea and explore optimized preparation processes of vascularized functional tissues for clinical applications.

2021 ◽  
Vol 162 (11) ◽  
pp. 425-431
Éva Zöllei ◽  
Gábor Bari ◽  
Ivett Blaskovics ◽  
Kinga Bodó ◽  
Zsófia Csorba ◽  

Összefoglaló. Az extracorporalis membránoxigenizációt egyre gyakrabban alkalmazzák világszerte refrakter légzési és/vagy keringési elégtelenség kezelésében. Intézetünkben 2015-ben kezdtük meg a program előkészítését és felépítését. Célunk az extracorporalis membránoxigenizációs kezelés élettani alapjainak rövid ismertetése, különös tekintettel a venovenosus konfigurációra, és az eddig kezelt eseteink eredményeinek összefoglalása. Az irodalom szisztematikus áttekintése és a kezelt esetek adatainak retrospektív értékelése voltak a módszereink. 2016 óta összesen 14 beteg esetében használtunk extracorporalis membránoxigenizációt (8 férfi, 6 nő, életkor 51 ± 15 év, APACHE II. score 24 ± 7). Az indikáció 9 esetben súlyos refrakter hypoxaemiás légzési elégtelenség, 1 esetben tracheooesophagealis fistula és légzési elégtelenség, 1 esetben műtét alatti támogatás tervezett trachearekonstrukció során és 3 beteg esetében refrakter cardiogen shock volt. Az extracorporalis membránoxigenizáció 11 betegben a légzés, 3 betegben a keringés támogatását szolgálta, 13 venovenosus, 1 venoarteriosus konfigurációban. Az extracorporalis támogatás ideje légzéstámogatás esetében 14 ± 6 nap, a cardialis támogatások esetében 5 ± 4 nap volt. Az intenzív osztályos ápolási idő 27 ± 13, illetve 21 ± 17 nap volt a két betegcsoportban. 9 beteget jó funkcionális állapotban bocsátottunk el, 5 beteg halt meg osztályunkon, további 3 később a kórházi bennfekvés során. Az extracorporalis membránoxigenizációs program regionális centrumokban Magyarországon is megvalósítható. A nemzetközi ajánlások, oktatási módszerek alkalmazásával a nemzetközi irodalomban közölt túlélési eredményekhez hasonló eredmények érhetők el hazánkban is. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(11): 425–431. Summary. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenisation is commonly used worldwide for refractory respiratory and circulatory failure. We started to organise the introduction of this therapeutic modality in 2015. Our aim is to give a short review about extracorporeal life support, especially veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and to present our first results. We provide a systematic review of the currently available literature and a summary of our first treatments. As of 2016, we supported 14 patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenisation (8 men, age 51 ± 15 years, APACHE II score 24 ± 7). The indications were refractory hypoxaemic respiratory failure in 9, tracheo-oesophageal fistula and respiratory failure in 1, support during surgery for planned tracheal reconstruction in 1, and refractory cardiogenic shock in 3 patients. We provided respiratory support in 11, circulatory support in 3 cases, with 13 veno-venous and 1 veno-arterial configuration. The support lasted for 14 ± 6 days in respiratory, and for 5 ± 4 days in cardiac cases. Intensive care length of stay was 27 ± 13 and 21 ± 17 days in the two patient groups. We discharged 9 patients in good functional state, 5 patients died during intensive care and further 3 later, during the hospital stay. Our results show that the implementation of an extracoporeal membrane oxygenation program is feasible in Hungarian tertiary centers. In line with international recommendations and adapting international training courses, the survival is very similar to that reported in the literature. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(11): 425–431.

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