Leaf Extract
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2022 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
pp. 100598
Nguyen Thi Le ◽  
Trung-Dung Dang ◽  
Khuat Hoang Binh ◽  
Tuong Manh Nguyen ◽  
Truong Nguyen Xuan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
pp. 100835
Sana Mansoor ◽  
Sammia Shahid ◽  
Mohsin Javed ◽  
Muhammad Saad ◽  
Shahid Iqbal ◽  

Esmaeel Darezereshki ◽  
Ali Behrad Vakylabad ◽  
Shahram Pourseyedi ◽  
Elham Zarea ◽  
Zohre Moravvej

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Florence Nalimu ◽  
Joseph Oloro ◽  
Emanuel L. Peter ◽  
Patrick Engeu Ogwang

Abstract Background Several local communities in Central, Western, Eastern, and Northern regions of Uganda have been using the whole leaf extracts of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. (Asphodelaceae) in the treatment of various ailments. Also, several commercial companies sell A. vera as soft drinks in Uganda. However, there are inadequate reports on the toxicities of such preparations. This paper reports the acute and sub-acute oral toxicity of aqueous extracts of whole leaf and green rind of A. vera in Wistar rats. Methods Acute oral toxicity test was carried out in female Wistar rats at doses of 175, 550, 1750, and 5000 mg/kg, p.o. The animals were observed for signs of toxicity for 14 days. Similarly, a sub-acute oral toxicity test was performed in both sexes of rats at doses of 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg, p.o. daily for 28 days. All the groups of animals were monitored for behavioral, morphological, biochemical, and physiological changes, including mortality and compared with respective controls. Body weights were measured weekly while the animals’ relative organ weights, hematological, biochemical, gross, and microscopic pathology were examined on day 29. Results There was no mortality or apparent behavioral changes at the doses tested in acute and sub-acute oral toxicity tests. Thus, the Median Lethal Dose (LD50) of green rind and whole leaf aqueous extracts was above 5000 mg/kg. Gross anatomy revealed that the rats’ relative spleen weight in green rind extract at 200 mg/kg significantly decreased compared to the control group. The creatinine levels in female rats that received green rind extract and the chloride ion levels in male rats administered whole leaf extract were significantly elevated. Conversely, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) levels significantly decreased at lower doses of the green rind extract compared to the control. Histopathology of the kidney revealed the renal interstitium’s inflammation at doses of 200 and 800 mg/kg of the whole leaf extract. Conclusion The findings demonstrated that A. vera green rind and whole leaf extracts are non-toxic at relatively high doses when used for a short duration. Prolonged use of the aqueous whole leaf extract might be associated with kidney toxicity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Arvind Singh ◽  
Amartya Basu ◽  
Aditi Sharma ◽  
Anu Priya ◽  
Manmmet Kaur ◽  

Abstract 2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthaquinone, commonly known as lawsone, represents an extremely important biologically active naturally occurring compound. It can easily be isolated from Lawsonia inermis (henna) tree leaf extract. Last decade has seen tremendous applications of lawsone as a starting component for the preparation of various organic scaffolds. Many of these synthesized scaffolds showed a wide range of biological activities including potential activities towards several cancer cell lines. This review deals with diverse synthetic methods of lawsone derived scaffolds and their screening against different anti-cancer cell lines along with promising results.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 776
Aly Farag El Sheikha ◽  
Ayman Younes Allam ◽  
Mohamed Taha ◽  
Theodoros Varzakas

Recently, the use of biostimulants as natural and eco-friendly fertilizers has received increasing attention because of their efficiency in terms of improving crops’ qualitative and quantitative parameters, i.e., growth, yield, and chemical composition. We studied the effect of four biostimulants—humic acid (20 g/L), vermicompost tea (15 mL/L), moringa leaf extract (1:30 v/v), and yeast extract (5 g/L), with tap water as a control treatment—on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of snap beans. The experiment was designed using a complete randomized block with triplicates. The results showed a significant improvement in treated plant performance (growth and yield), chlorophyll, and chemical composition compared to untreated plants. Using moringa leaf extract increased the plant height, number of leaves and branches/plant, and fresh and dry weight. Additionally, the diameter of the treated plant stems and the quality of the crop and pods were also significantly higher than those of plants treated with vermicompost or humic acid extract. It is also noted that the profile of amino acids was improved using all tested biostimulants. This leads to the conclusion that the addition of moringa leaf extract and vermicompost tea not only positively affects the qualitative and quantitative properties of snap bean but is also reflected in its nutritional value as a plant-based food.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 301-308
Hyun Kang ◽  
Sung-Gyu Lee

Purpose: To investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Ipomoea batatas extract against alcohol-induced liver damage in mice. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n = 10). Normal Group: The animals received distilled water 5 ml/kg for 7 days; Alcohol Group: The animals received alcohol 5 ml/kg of 40 % w/v alcohol for 7 days; Alcohol + Purple sweet potato leaf extract (PSPE) Group: PSPE 400 mg/kg was for 7 days. The animals received alcohol 5 ml/kg of 40 % w/v alcohol for 7 days; Alcohol + Hovenia dulcis Thunb extract (HDE) Group: HDE 400 mg/kg was for 7 days. To confirmed to the liver protection effect of PSPE, it was calculated, and the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) in serum were detected. To evaluate changes of histological in alcohol-fed mice, liver tissue was determined by H&E staining. Results: Blood alcohol concentration in purple sweet potato leaf extract (PSPE) 200 mg/kg and Hovenia dulcis (H. dulcis) extract (HDE) 200 mg/kg treated group significantly decreased compared to - alcohol with water treated group (p < 0.05). Serum ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and AST (aspartate aminotransferase) were markedly reduced. Liver sections in mice stained with H&E (hematoxylin and eosin) stain to displayed the physiological changes in the liver tissue. Furthermore, the results showed that inflammatory cells increased in the alcohol group compared to the normal group, but spontaneously decreased in the PSPE or HDE-treated group. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that Ipomoea batatas may be therapeutically effective in protecting the liver from alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity and fatty liver.

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