co2 gasification
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Soheil Valizadeh ◽  
Hanie Hakimian ◽  
Eui Hyun Cho ◽  
Chang Hyun Ko ◽  
See Hoon Lee ◽  

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 34
Przemysław Grzywacz ◽  
Grzegorz Czerski ◽  
Wojciech Gańczarczyk

The aim of the study is to assess the influence of the atmosphere during pyrolysis on the course of CO2 gasification of a tire waste char. Two approaches were used: the pyrolysis step was carried out in an inert atmosphere of argon (I) or in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide (II). The examinations were carried out in non-isothermal conditions using a Rubotherm DynTherm thermobalance in the temperature range of 20–1100 °C and three heating rates: 5, 10 and 15 K/min. Based on the results of the gasification examinations, the TG (Thermogravimetry) and DTG (Derivative Thermogravimetry) curves were developed and the kinetic parameters were calculated using the KAS (Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose) and FWO (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa) methods. Additionally, the CO2 gasification of tire chars reaction order (n), was evaluated, and the kinetic parameters were calculated with the use of Coats and Redfern method. Tire waste char obtained in an argon atmosphere was characterized by lower reactivity, which was reflected in shift of conversion and DTG curves to higher temperatures and higher mean values of activation energy. A variability of activation energy values with the progress of the reaction was observed. For char obtained in an argon atmosphere, the activation energy varied in the range of 191.1–277.2 kJ/mol and, for a char obtained in an atmosphere of CO2, in the range of 148.0–284.8 kJ/mol. The highest activation energy values were observed at the beginning of the gasification process and the lowest for the conversion degree 0.5–0.7.

Fuels ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 556-651
Sergey M. Frolov

This review considers the selective studies on environmentally friendly, combustion-free, allothermal, atmospheric-pressure, noncatalytic, direct H2O/CO2 gasification of organic feedstocks like biomass, sewage sludge wastes (SSW) and municipal solid wastes (MSW) to demonstrate the pros and cons of the approaches and provide future perspectives. The environmental friendliness of H2O/CO2 gasification is well known as it is accompanied by considerably less harmful emissions into the environment as compared to O2/air gasification. Comparative analysis of the various gasification technologies includes low-temperature H2O/CO2 gasification at temperatures up to 1000 °C, high-temperature plasma- and solar-assisted H2O/CO2 gasification at temperatures above 1200 °C, and an innovative gasification technology applying ultra-superheated steam (USS) with temperatures above 2000 °C obtained by pulsed or continuous gaseous detonations. Analysis shows that in terms of such characteristics as the carbon conversion efficiency (CCE), tar and char content, and the content of harmful by-products the plasma and detonation USS gasification technologies are most promising. However, as compared with plasma gasification, detonation USS gasification does not need enormous electric power with unnecessary and energy-consuming gas–plasma transition.

ACS Omega ◽  
2021 ◽  
Aekjuthon Phounglamcheik ◽  
Ricardo Vila ◽  
Norbert Kienzl ◽  
Liang Wang ◽  
Ali Hedayati ◽  

Tian Wang ◽  
Longfei Tang ◽  
Abdul Raheem ◽  
Xueli Chen ◽  
Fuchen Wang

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