Prognostic Factor
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2021 ◽  
Vol 233 (5) ◽  
pp. e111-e112
Danny Conde ◽  
Carlos E. Rey Chaves ◽  
Manuel Pardo ◽  
Andrea Recaman ◽  
Juan Carlos Sabogal

2021 ◽  
Vol 101 ◽  
pp. 108275
Xiangyu Sun ◽  
Xin Fu ◽  
Shouping Xu ◽  
Pengfei Qiu ◽  
Zhidong Lv ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yihong Huang ◽  
Yu Chen ◽  
Yan Zhu ◽  
Qing Wu ◽  
Chengyun Yao ◽  

Objective: This study evaluates the preoperative and postoperative systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) capacity to predict the prognosis of patients with endometrial carcinoma after the operation and build a nomogram model to assist clinical practice.Methods: The retrospective study included 362 consecutive patients with surgically resected endometrial cancer between January 2010 and June 2015 at The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College. Blood routine was examined within 1 week before surgery to calculate SII, NLR, PLR, and MLR and 3 days after surgery to measure SII. The Pearson's χ2-test or Fisher's exact test was used to explore their relationship to clinical variables. The univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed by Cox regression to identify the independent prognostic indicators. The Kaplan–Meier method with the log-rank test was used to generate the overall survival (OS) curves. R software was used to generate the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and then it got the optimum cutoff value through the maximum Youden index. A nomogram model was formed with systemic immune inflammation and clinical factors.Results: The preoperative SII was related to age (p = 0.009), FIGO stage (p = 0.02) and menopause (p = 0.014). The postoperative SII was associated with menopause (p = 0.014). Univariate analysis indicated that FIGO stage, lymphatic invasion, depth of myometrial invasion, postoperative chemotherapy, postoperative radiotherapy, preoperative SII, NLR, PLR, MLR, CRP, CA125, and postoperative SII were predictors of OS (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that lymphatic invasion and postoperative SII were independent prognostic factors of OS (p < 0.05). The nomogram model was visualized precisely to reflect the prognosis with a C-index value of 0.866 in this model.Conclusion: The postoperative SII is the independent prognostic factor in patients with endometrial carcinoma after the operation and contributes to poor outcomes. However, after surgery, the preoperative SII and preoperative NLR, PLR, and MLR are not associated with OS endometrial carcinoma. Making good use of the nomogram model would contribute to better subsequent therapy.

Homeopathy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Lex Rutten ◽  
Anjali Miglani ◽  
Peter Gold ◽  
Raj Kumar Manchanda ◽  
Moumita Chakraborty ◽  

Abstract Background/Objective During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several homeopathic prognostic factor research (PFR) projects have been undertaken. We found two projects with comparable outcomes to assess consistency and possible flaws. Methods Two comparisons were made. (1) Outcome of a PFR data collection from the Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis (LMHI) by about 100 doctors with 541 cases was compared with a previous analysis of 161 cases in the same database. (2) The updated LMHI database was also compared with a data collection carried out in India by four doctors with a total of 1,445 cases. Differences that resulted in conflicting outcomes (indication in one, contraindication in the other) were examined for possible causes. Results There was only a single outcome in the updated LMHI database that conflicted with the previous dataset, and this could have been due to statistical variation. The Indian data contained many cases, from few doctors, while the LMHI database had few cases per doctor, but many doctors. The overlap between the projects (individual cases entered in both) was between zero and 22%. In 72 comparisons we found six (8.3%) conflicting outcomes. Possible causes were statistical error due to small numbers of cases and/or observers, confirmation bias, and keynote prescribing if this resulted in symptoms being inadequately checked. Conclusion There was little conflict between the outcomes of the two versions of one project and between the two different PFR projects. Differences could mostly be explained by causes that can be managed. This consistency should primarily be interpreted as showing a strong overall consensus between homeopathic practitioners worldwide, but with variation of consensus between small groups of practitioners.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Qiao Ke ◽  
Fu Xiang ◽  
Chunhong Xiao ◽  
Qizhen Huang ◽  
Xiaolong Liu ◽  

Abstract Background Preoperative serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) levels is significantly related to the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its clinical value in the management of postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (PA-TACE) has rarely been explored. This study aimed to investigate whether γ-GT levels could be taken as a biomarker to guide the management of PA-TACE in resectable HCC. Methods HCC patients receiving radical resection were identified through the primary liver cancer big data (PLCBD) from December 2012 to December 2015. Prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were identified by univariate and multivariate cox analyses, and subgroup analysis was conducted between PA-TACE group and non-TACE stratified by γ-GT levels before and after 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM). Results γ-GT level was found to be an independent risk factor of OS and DFS in 1847 HCC patients receiving radical resection (both P < 0.05), and patients with elevated γ-GT(> 54.0 U/L) have a shortened median OS and DFS, compared with those with normal γ-GT (both P < 0.001). In the subgroup of patients with normal γ-GT, there were no significant differences between groups of PA-TACE and non-TACE in terms of median OS and DFS before and after PSM (all P > 0.05), and PA-TACE was not a significant prognostic factor of both OS and DFS before and after PSM (all P > 0.05). In the subgroup of patients with elevated γ-GT, significant differences were found between groups of PA-TACE and non-TACE in terms of median OS and DFS before and after PSM (all P < 0.05), and PA-TACE was an independent prognostic factor of both OS and DFS (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Currently, we concluded that patients with more advanced HCC also have more elevated γ-GT, and these patients with elevated γ-GT would be benefited more from PA-TACE after radical resection.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Tao Yu ◽  
Xin Gao ◽  
Zicheng Zheng ◽  
Xinyu Zhao ◽  
Shiyao Zhang ◽  

BackgroundThe landscape of intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) is present from the tumor evolution. ITH is a promising clinical indicator, but the association between ITH and prognosis remains controversial. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to explore whether ITH can serve as a valuable prognostic indicator in solid tumors.MethodsAll included studies were from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases up to October 10, 2020. Studies based on ITH with available prognostic information were included. Three researchers independently completed study selection and data extraction following PRISMA guidelines. The random-effect model was used for synthesis. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used with the endpoint defined by overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DFS), and progression-free survival (PFS).ResultsA total of 9,804 solid tumor patients from 21 studies were included. Analysis of specific cancers in the TCGA database showed similar results based on different ITH assessment methods, which provided the logical support for data consolidation. Available evidence revealed a negative relationship between ITH and prognosis for a specific cancer (such as lung cancer). However, the OS results from 14 tumor types showed that high ITH associated with shorter survival time [HR 1.65 (95% CI, 1.42–1.91)]. PFS and DFS analyses showed similar results [HR 1.89 (95% CI, 1.41–2.54) and HR 1.87 (95% CI, 1.15–3.04)] in general. The status of tumor metastasis and sampling models were not the confounding factors.ConclusionsHigh ITH is associated with worse prognosis in many solid tumors in general although this association was absent for some cancers. ITH is expected to be a promising clinical prognostic factor for the improvement of assessment, treatment, and surveillance strategy.

2021 ◽  
Yanqing Zhang ◽  
Jiaqi Pan ◽  
Xi Chen ◽  
Lianjie Wang ◽  
Liyan Chen ◽  

Aim: Increased serum ferritin (SF) indicates an adverse prognosis in patients with hematologic malignancies. However, its prognostic significance in multiple myeloma (MM) remains unknown. Patients & methods: The impact of SF levels on outcomes in patients with MM was retrospectively analyzed and dynamically assessed. Results: At initial diagnosis, 188 out of 295 patients (63.7%) had high SF that correlated with poor prognosis factors including adverse overall survival and progression-free survival. SF expression was dynamically observed at different time points and SF levels significantly decreased after treatment induction. In addition, SF expression significantly increased at disease progression or relapse. Conclusion: SF can be used as a prognostic factor at initial diagnosis and relapse in patients with MM.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Jia-Lin Ma ◽  
Shi-Ting Huang ◽  
Yan-Ming Jiang ◽  
Xin-Bin Pan

PurposeTo identify whether chemoradiotherapy improves survival of stage I nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Materials and MethodsNPC patients were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2010 and 2015. Pathologically confirmed stage T1N0M0 (the 7th edition AJCC) were investigated. Overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were compared between the radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy groups using the Kaplan-Meier method and propensity score matching (PSM) analyses.ResultsThis study included 91 (40.27%) patients in the chemoradiotherapy group and 135 (59.73%) patients in the radiotherapy group. Before PSM, chemoradiotherapy was associated with worse 3-year OS (74.31 vs 87.23%; P = 0.025) and 5-year OS (64.28 vs 83.12%; P = 0.001) compared to those associated with radiotherapy. Similarly, chemoradiotherapy showed worse 3-year CSS (87.01 vs 96.97%; P = 0.028) and 5-year CSS (80.39 vs. 96.97%; P = 0.002) than those of radiotherapy. After PSM, chemoradiotherapy revealed worse 5-year OS (63.10 vs. 82.49%; P = 0.031) and CSS (80.95 vs. 93.70%; P = 0.016) than radiotherapy. The multivariate regression analysis revealed that chemoradiotherapy was an independent risk prognostic factor for OS and CSS before and after PSM.ConclusionRadiotherapy alone is recommended for stage I NPC patients.

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