load bearing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 895
Author(s):  
Dshamil Efinger ◽  
Andreas Ostertag ◽  
Martin Dazer ◽  
David Borschewski ◽  
Stefan Albrecht ◽  
...  

The consumption of construction materials and the pollution caused by their production can be reduced by the use of reliable adaptive load-bearing structures. Adaptive load-bearing structures are able to adapt to different load cases by specifically manipulating internal stresses using actuators installed in the structure. One main aspect of quality is reliability. A verification of reliability, and thus the safety of conventional structures, was a design issue. When it comes to adaptive load-bearing structures, the material savings reduce the stiffness of the structure, whereby integrated actuators with sensors and a control take over the stiffening. This article explains why the conventional design process is not sufficient for adaptive load-bearing structures and proposes a method for demonstrating improved reliability and environmental sustainability. For this purpose, an exemplary adaptive load-bearing structure is introduced. A linear elastic model, simulating tension in the elements of the adaptive load-bearing structure, supports the analysis. By means of a representative local load-spectrum, the operating life is estimated based on Woehler curves given by the Eurocode for the critical notches. Environmental sustainability is increased by including reliability and sustainability in design. For an exemplary high-rise adaptive load-bearing structure, this increase is more than 50%.


2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Abdelkadir Fellouh ◽  
Abdelkader Bougara ◽  
Paulo Piloto ◽  
Nourredine Benlakehal

PurposeInvestigate the fire performance of eccentrically loaded concrete partially encased column (PEC), using the advanced calculation method (ANSYS 18.2, 2017) and the simple calculation method in Annex G of Eurocode 4 (EN 1994-1-2, 2005). This work examines the influence of a range of parameters on fire behaviour of the composite column including: eccentricity loading, slenderness, reinforcement, fire rating and fire scenario. In this study, ISO-834 (ISO834-1, 1999) was used as fire source.Design/methodology/approachCurrently, different methods of analysis used to assess the thermal behaviour of composite column exposed to fire. Analytical method named simplified calculation methods defined in European standard and numerical simulations named advanced calculation models are treated in this paper.FindingsThe load-bearing capacity of the composite column becomes very weak in the presence of the fire accident and eccentric loading, this recommends to avoid as much as possible eccentric loading during the design of construction building. The reinforcement has a slight influence on the temperature evolution; moreover, the reinforcement has a great contribution on the load capacity, especially in combined compression and bending. When only the two concrete sides are exposed to fire, the partially encased composite column presents a high load-bearing capacity value.Originality/valueThe use of a three-dimensional numerical model (ANSYS) allowed to describe easily the thermal behaviour of PEC columns under eccentric loading with the regard to the analytical method, which is based on three complex steps. In this study, the presence of the load eccentricity has found to have more effect on the load-bearing capacity than the slenderness of the composite column. Introducing a load eccentricity on the top of the column may have the same a reducing effect on the load-bearing capacity as the fire.


Author(s):  
Fabian Kappe ◽  
Luca Schadow ◽  
Mathias Bobbert ◽  
Gerson Meschut

A frequently used mechanical joining process that enables the joining of dissimilar materials is self-piercing riveting. Nevertheless, the increasing number of materials as well as material–thickness combinations leads to the need for a large number of rivet–die combinations as the rigid tool systems are not able to react to changing boundary conditions. Therefore, tool changes or system conversions are needed, resulting in longer process times and inflexibility of the joining processes. In this investigation, the flexibility of the self-piercing riveting process by reducing the required tool–geometry combinations is examined. For this purpose, various joints consisting of similar as well as dissimilar materials with different material thickness are sampled and analysed. Subsequently, a cluster algorithm is used to reduce the number of rivet–die combinations required. Finally, the effect of the changed tool geometries on both the joint formation and the joint load-bearing capacity is investigated. The investigation showed that a reduction by 55% of the required rivet–die combinations was possible. In particular, the rivet length influences the joint formation and the joint load-bearing capacity. An exclusive change of the die (e.g. die depth or die diameter) did not show a significant influence on these parameters.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 558
Author(s):  
Dragan Rakić ◽  
Milan Stojković ◽  
Damjan Ivetić ◽  
Miroslav Živković ◽  
Nikola Milivojević

The paper presents a functionality investigation of the key dam elements based on finite element analysis. A detailed analysis of filtration processes, dam strength, and the surrounding rock mass was conducted. Dam elements whose potential damage could jeopardize the normal functioning of the embankment dam have been identified. A particular emphasis was placed on the analysis of dam elements that have been identified as weak points. A numerical analysis of the impact of individual grout curtain zone failure on leakage under the dam body, a strength analysis of the overflow section, as well as the analysis of the slope stability that can compromise the functioning of the spillway have been performed. To analyze the partial stability of individual structural elements, a new measure of local stability was introduced as the remaining load-bearing capacity. As a case study, the Zavoj dam, which is a part of the Pirot reservoir system in the Republic of Serbia, was used. Investigation revealed that local damage to the grout curtain will not significantly increase leakage under the dam body, the overflow section is one of the most robust elements of the dam, but the slope above the spillway can compromise the functioning of the overflow and thus the safety of the entire dam. Based on the analysis of the results of the remaining load-bearing capacity, the dependence of the spillway capacity on earthquake intensity has been defined. The established relationship represents a surrogate model for further assessment of dynamic resilience of the complex multipurpose reservoir system, within the scope of the advanced reservoir system management.


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