polyvinyl chloride
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2022 ◽  
Vol 320 ◽  
pp. 126203
Yiqun Fang ◽  
Aojing Xue ◽  
Fengqiang Wang ◽  
Zhijun Zhang ◽  
Yongming Song ◽  

2022 ◽  
Mahmoud Telfah ◽  
A. A. Ahmad ◽  
A. M. Alsaad ◽  
Qais M. Al-Bataineh ◽  
Ahmad Telfah

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 476
Paweł Wolny ◽  
Norbert Tuśnio ◽  
Artur Lewandowski ◽  
Filip Mikołajczyk ◽  
Sławomir Kuberski

This article is a continuation of a case study in which we presented the results of research on processes generated under fire conditions by mixing molten ammonium nitrate (AN) with selected polymers. Here, we present an analysis of how certain materials, which may frequently appear in farm buildings and are commonly used in the immediate vicinity of humans, can potentially form explosives. The chosen materials include polyamides (PA) from which the wear-resistant machine elements are made (e.g., high-performance gears, wheels of transport trolleys); polyvinyl chloride (PVC) used, i.e., in construction carpentry, electrical insulation, and hydraulic pipes; polystyrene (PS) used, i.e., in insulation and containers; and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), i.e., so-called organic glass and plexiglass. The research results showed that these seemingly harmless and safe materials, mixed with AN and heated under fire conditions, may turn into explosives and stimulate stored AN. This creates significant risks of an uncontrolled fire progress.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 64-77
Anna Rudawska ◽  
Magd Abdel Wahab ◽  
Miroslav Müller ◽  
Dana Stančeková

This paper presents issues related to the determination of the selected mechanical properties of adhesive joints made of polymeric pipes and the evaluation of the leak-tightness of the adhesive joints. The article attempts to demonstrate that the type of adhesive may affect the quality of adhesive joints in terms of both tightness and strength of joints. Five types of the polymer pipes differing in a polypropylene and a polyvinyl chloride, diameter and a wall thickness were used in the experiments. Two types of the adhesives were used to make the adhesive joints: Loctite 3430 A&B Hysol, a two-component epoxy adhesive, and Loctite 406, a one-component cyanoacrylate adhesive. Based on the leak-tightness tests results, it was possible to determine the quality of their adhesive joints without damaging the samples, while their tensile strength was determined through the strength tests. The tests performed allowed for the conclusion that the use of the polyvinyl chloride pipes and Loctite 406 one-component adhesive is recommended for this type of adhesive joints.

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