Work System
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2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 628-644
Mariani Dela Seran ◽  
Prayekti Prayekti

The purpose of this research is to find out the influence of education, work experience, contract work system and HR management on the quality of pt. Srikandi Mandiri Duta Mulia. The research method used in this study is descriptive quantitative by using a statistical correlation of multiple regressions. Popolasi in this study is the entire workforce available at PT. Srikandi Mandiri Duta Mulia, with a sample of 53 respondents. The results stated that education, work experience, contract work systems and HR management have a positive influence both partially and simultaneously on the quality of the workforce.  Keywords: education, work experience, contract work system, HR management, Quality of work.

Perspektif ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
pp. 216-224

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh flexible working arrangement, worklife balance terhadap digital transformasi serta implikasinya terhadap produktivitas kerja. Saat ini dan mungkin perusahaan terpaksa karena pandemi covid-19 untuk menerapkan sistem kerja yang fleksibel. System kerja yang fleksibel sudah banyak diterapkan di perusahaan asing/multinasional sebelum terjadinya pandemi covid-19 dengan sistem kerja yang fleksibel perusahaan juga mengharapkan worklife balance karyawannya tetap terjaga dan peningkatan kemampuan pada digitalisasi/teknologi. Dengan pendekatan kuantitatif penelitian ini dilakukan berbasis explanatory research. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 200 responden dari berbagai jenis perusahaan dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis SEM berbasis aplikasi AMOS versi 23.0. Berdasarkan hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa flexible working arrangement, worklife balance berpengaruh signifikan terhadap digital transformasi serta berimplikasi signifikan terhadap produktivitas kerja dilihat dari hasil uji Goodness of Fit (GoF), Reliabilitas dengan Uji Construct Reliability (CR) yaitu menguji keandalan dan konsistensi data, dimana kriteria Construct Reliability (CR) nya adalah > 0,7 dan nilai Variant Extracted nya (AVE) > 0,5, serta hasil uji Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) untuk CR ≥ 1,96 dan p-value ≤ 0.05. Abstract This study aims to determine the effect of flexible working arrangements, work-life balance on digital transformation and their implications for work productivity. Currently and perhaps companies are forced due to the covid-19 pandemic to implement a flexible work system. A flexible work system has been widely applied in foreign/multinational companies prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. With a flexible work system, the company also expects the work-life balance of its employees to be maintained and their ability to increase in digitalization/technology. With a quantitative approach this research was conducted based on explanatory research. Samples were taken as many as 200 respondents from various types of companies using SEM analysis approach based on AMOS application version 23.0. Based on the analysis results show that flexible working arrangement, worklife balance have a significant effect on digital transformation and have significant implications for work productivity seen from the results of the Goodness of Fit (GoF) test, Reliability with the Construct Reliability (CR) test, namely testing the reliability and consistency of the data, where the criteria The Construct Reliability (CR) is > 0.7 and the Variant Extracted value (AVE) is > 0.5, and the results of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) test for CR 1.96 and p-value 0.05.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Olorunjuwon Michael Samuel ◽  
Tshegofatso Moagi

Purpose The rapidly emerging digital work system, accentuated by technological innovation, has dramatically changed the nature of skill-sets required for employees to perform their tasks effectively at the workplaces. This paper aims to examine the skills development strategies that organizations in South Africa are adopting in the transitioning of their respective workforces to fit the skills dynamics of the emerging work system. Design/methodology/approach The paper uses the interpretive qualitative research strategy to draw evidence from semi-structured interviews conducted on 38 respondents, using the thematic analytical process to derive themes embedded in the data set. Findings Based on the strength of data analysis, this paper identified two broad themes and six sub-themes that are critical for the transformation and transition of existing pool of skills for the emerging work system in South Africa. Research limitations/implications The research lacks ability to be generalized, which is a methodological limitation that is inherently associated with cross-sectional design and qualitative strategy in terms of causality and generalizability of findings. Originality/value The main value-add of this paper is the development of evidence-based research outcomes that provide both theoretical and practical framework for skills development and transition initiatives that are imperative for policy formulation. The paper responded to, and advanced the respective works of Hirschi (2017), Sharma et al. (2021) and Barley et al. (2017), by establishing the following strategic themes that are critical for skills development and transition mechanisms in the emerging work system: stakeholder relationship, media and public perception, learning organization, higher education system, continuous skills development and technology and job losses.

2022 ◽  
Vol 354 ◽  
pp. 00019
Daniel George Tanasievici ◽  
Gabriela Caldarescu ◽  
Constantin Baciu ◽  
Elena Matcovschi

This paper brings to the fore the need to study the causality of work accidents starting from the hypothesis that the causes must be identified immediately, respectively the dysfunctions of the work system, which contribute to their occurrence. So, in the causal chain of the work accident, the last link is the “meeting” between the victim and the material agent who injures her, and often the factors of the work system, which are potential causes of injury, are specific to the worker and represent an error inappropriate behaviour in terms of occupational safety, in the form of wrongdoing or omissions. In this regard, cognitive ergonomics is still an untapped area, although it can make significant contributions to improving work performance and creating safe and healthy working environments in industry. Cognitive functions are relevant when we talk about 4 essential skills of the worker, respectively: sensation and perception, attention, short and long term memory. The paper brings more information for the scientific community because the analysis highlights the link between the cognitive functions of workers and the errors generated by them in the dynamics of a work accident, and can also be a starting point for new research.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1526-1549
Seppo Tapio Vayrynen ◽  
Heli Katariina Kiema-Junes

The aim of this study was to examine occupational group-related differences in well-being at work (WBW) indicators ranging from real accidents, absences and retirement to experienced pleasure at work. Occupational group included two categories: blue- and white-collar employees. The study is based on analysing national statistics or ones of various industrial sectors (Study 1), or bases on findings of questionnaires in Finnish case companies (N=7) (Studies 2 and 3). WBW questionnaires answered by 3500 employees. Analysis utilised data that employees of two occupational groups, or company and national statistics revealed about WBW. Analysis was based on factors related to employee, task, tool, organisation and work environment (traditional work system (WS)), psychosocial factors, and information and communication within WS. The biggest and statistically significant differences were emphasised in results and discussion. Although two groups' roles and tasks provide reasons for many differences, the ones should be measured, thoroughly discussed and consciously managed.

2022 ◽  
pp. 942-959
Miguel Angel Serrano-Rosa ◽  
Francisco Molins

When a work system is considered we must focus on people that are part of the system as an active agent that can participate and interact all along the working process. In this process, stress contributes to increasing the probability of diseases and accidents. Therefore, one of the main objectives, from a preventive perspective, is to reduce stress levels. Related to this, the characteristics of healthy organizations will be described as a model to promote health. The objective of this chapter is to offer a broad and multidisciplinary perspective of prevention risk in the workplace centered in the worker, taking the view of neuroscience and health psychology. For that purpose, stress interventions in the organizations and in the individuals will be outlined. Finally, this chapter would finish proposing a preventive intervention to improve healthier work environments, taking into account neurosciences and health psychology. This proposal will be based on improving lifestyle, education for health, and self-respect.

2022 ◽  
pp. 2111-2129
Karina Cecilia Arredondo ◽  
Arturo Realyvásquez ◽  
Guadalupe Hernández-Escobedo

Macroergonomics is the subdiscipline of ergonomics that is concerned with the analysis, design, and evaluation of work systems. It means, macroergonomics focuses on harmonizing the organizational structure of a company and not only one workstation or one task, as microergonomics does. Macroergonomics is a top-down, middle-out, and bottom-up approach. In the top-down approach, the overall general work system structure may be prescribed to match the organization's sociotechnical characteristics. On the other hand, the middle-out approach focuses on the analysis of subsystems and work processes, which can be assessed both up and down the organizational hierarchy from intermediate levels, and also, up and down some changes may be done to ensure the work system design is harmonized. Finally, the bottom-up approach comprises an extensive participation of employees in the identification of problems. Currently, macroergonomics is considered an emergent subdiscipline, and there is the need to promote current theories and methods and propose new ones.

2022 ◽  
pp. 100004
Mia L McLanders ◽  
Penelope M Sanderson ◽  
Stuart D Marshall ◽  
Richard M Mausling ◽  
Helen G Liley

Artifex Novus ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 188-199
Julia Mohelicka

Abstrakt: Komunikat dotyczy dziejów Zakopiańskich Warsztatów Wzorcowych Cepelia. Opisuje początki działalności spółdzielni, okres jej funkcjonowania i zakończenie działalności. Poruszone zostały także zagadnienia dotyczące systemu pracy wewnątrz spółdzielni, zaprezentowane wiodące produkty oraz wspomniane nazwiska wybitnych twórców i artystów współpracujących ze Spółdzielnią. Summary: The article concerns the Zakopianskie Warsztaty Wzorcowe Cepelia, describing the beginning of its activity, its functioning and the end of its activity. The article also deals with issues such as the work system of the cooperative, the description of the flagship products created in the Cepelia and the names of famous artists cooperating with the Zakopianskie Warsztaty Wzorcowe Cepelia.

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