chromatographic method
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2022 ◽  
Ashraf A. Wani ◽  
Alamgir A. Dar ◽  
Ishrat Jan ◽  
Malik Mukhtar ◽  
Khurshid A. Sofi ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 459
Elisabetta Bodo ◽  
Sabina Merlo ◽  
Valentina Bello

Ethylene glycol (EG) and isopropanol (ISO) are among the major toxic alcohols that pose a risk to human health. However, it is important to distinguish them, since EG is more prone to cause renal failure, and can thus be more dangerous when ingested than ISO. Analysis of alcohols such as isopropanol and ethylene glycol generally can be performed with a complex chromatographic method. Here, we present an optical method based on absorption spectroscopy, performed remotely on EG-ISO mixtures filling a microchannel. Mixtures of ethylene glycol in isopropanol at different volume concentrations were analyzed in a contactless manner in a rectangular-section glass micro-capillary provided with integrated reflectors. Fiber-coupled broadband light in the wavelength range 1.3–1.7 µm crossed the microchannel multiple times before being directed towards an optical spectrum analyzer. The induced zig-zag path increased the fluid–light interaction length and enhanced the effect of optical absorption. A sophisticated theoretical model was developed and the results of our simulations were in very good agreement with the results of the experimental spectral measurements. Moreover, from the acquired data, we retrieved a responsivity parameter, defined as power ratio at two wavelengths, that is linearly related to the EG concentration in the alcoholic mixtures.

Mahsa Lotfi Omran ◽  
Seyed Mohammad Vahdat ◽  
Farhosh Kiani Barforosh

Background: Ag–TiO2 nanoparticles catalyzed synthesis of 12-aryl-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzo[a]-xanthen-11-ones have been enhanced via a three-component one-pot reaction betweenβ–naphthol, several aldehydes and dimedone in H2O at room temperature. Xanthenes are essential intermediates in chemistry owing to their vast difference in biological activity. Methods: This process offered significant advantages containing appropriate cost efficiency, low amount of the catalyst, application of low-cost available Ag–TiO2 nanoparticles catalyst, purification of the product by non-chromatographic method, easy process, good atom economy, simple isolation and reusability of nanocatalyst. Result: Ag–TiO2 nanoparticles catalyst shows easy access to Xanthenes with appropriate yields in short reaction time and purity. This nanoparticles catalyst was recycled and recovered by easy filtration and was reused up to five times with only an unimportant loss in its catalytic efficacy. Conclusion: This method achieves to have a numerous scope relating to the difference in the aldehydes. Correspondingly, the attractive of this research was that H2O was the only by-products.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 158
Joanna Płonka ◽  
Joanna Szablińska-Piernik ◽  
Bogusław Buszewski ◽  
Irena Baranowska ◽  
Lesław B. Lahuta

The conditions for determining the antioxidant properties of cyclitols (d-pinitol, l-quebrachitol, myo-, l-chiro-, and d-chiro-inositol), selected flavanones (hesperetin, naringenin, eriodictyol, and liquiritigenin) and glutathione by spectrophotometric methods—CUPRAC and with DPPH radical, and by a chromatographic method DPPH-UHPLC-UV, have been identified. Interactions of the tested compounds and their impact on the ox-red properties were investigated. The RSA (%) of the compounds tested was determined. Very low antioxidative properties of cyclitols, compared with flavanones and glutathione alone, were revealed. However, a significant increase in the determined antioxidative properties of glutathione by methyl-ether derivatives of cyclitols (d-pinitol and l-quebrachitol) was demonstrated for the first time. Thus, cyclitols seem to be a good candidate for creating drugs for the treatment of many diseases associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation.

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