regulatory factors
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Ke Zhang ◽  
Pan-Ling Xu ◽  
Yu-Jie Li ◽  
Shu Dong ◽  
Hui-Feng Gao ◽  

Abstract Background Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly lethal disease and an increasing cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) play vital roles in immune response and tumor cellular biological processes. However, the specific functions of IRFs in PC and tumor immune response are far from systematically clarified. This study aimed to explorer the expression profile, prognostic significance, and biological function of IRFs in PC. Results We observed that the levels of IRF2, 6, 7, 8, and 9 were elevated in tumor compared to normal tissues in PC. IRF7 expression was significantly associated with patients’ pathology stage in PC. PC patients with high IRF2, low IRF3, and high IRF6 levels had significantly poorer overall survival. High mRNA expression, amplification and, deep deletion were the three most common types of genetic alterations of IRFs in PC. Low expression of IRF2, 4, 5, and 8 was resistant to most of the drugs or small molecules from Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer. Moreover, IRFs were positively correlated with the abundance of tumor infiltrating immune cells in PC, including B cells, CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, macrophages, Neutrophil, and Dendritic cells. Functional analysis indicated that IRFs were involved in T cell receptor signaling pathway, immune response, and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Conclusions Our results indicated that certain IRFs could serve as potential therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers for PC patients. Further basic and clinical studies are needed to validate our findings and generalize the clinical application of IRFs in PC.

2022 ◽  
pp. 26-33
V. M. Chertok ◽  
A. E. Kotsyuba ◽  
I. A. Khramova

Cellular-molecular mechanisms and factors, regulating uterus vascularization are also a focal point ensuring reproduction processes. In the process of angiogenesis endothelium expresses a number of receptors of growth factors and ligands which control main stages of the cellular makeup during vascular walls formation process. It in turn supports proliferation and reparation of the endometrium during menstrual cycle and prepares for the implantation and placentation.

2021 ◽  
Chundi Gao ◽  
Haiyang Yu ◽  
Huayao Li ◽  
Cun Liu ◽  
Xiaoran Ma ◽  

Background: The role of N6-methyladenine (m6A) RNA methylation in a variety of biological processes is gradually being revealed. Methods: Here, we systematically describe the correlation between the expression pattern of m6A RNA methylation regulatory factors and clinical phenotype, immunity, drug sensitivity, stem cells and prognosis in more than 10,000 samples of 33 types of cancer. Results: The results show that there are significant differences in the expression of 20 m6A RNA methylation regulatory factors in different cancers, and there was a significant correlation with the analysis indicators. Conclusion: In this study, the m6A RNA methylation regulatory factor was found not only to potentially assist in stratifying the prognosis but also to predict or improve the sensitivity of clinical drug therapy.

Meltem Kuruş ◽  
Soheil Akbari ◽  
Doğa Eskier ◽  
Ahmet Bursalı ◽  
Kemal Ergin ◽  

The generation and use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in order to obtain all differentiated adult cell morphologies without requiring embryonic stem cells is one of the most important discoveries in molecular biology. Among the uses of iPSCs is the generation of neuron cells and organoids to study the biological cues underlying neuronal and brain development, in addition to neurological diseases. These iPSC-derived neuronal differentiation models allow us to examine the gene regulatory factors involved in such processes. Among these regulatory factors are long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), genes that are transcribed from the genome and have key biological functions in establishing phenotypes, but are frequently not included in studies focusing on protein coding genes. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis and overview of the coding and non-coding transcriptome during multiple stages of the iPSC-derived neuronal differentiation process using RNA-seq. We identify previously unannotated lncRNAs via genome-guided de novo transcriptome assembly, and the distinct characteristics of the transcriptome during each stage, including differentially expressed and stage specific genes. We further identify key genes of the human neuronal differentiation network, representing novel candidates likely to have critical roles in neurogenesis using coexpression network analysis. Our findings provide a valuable resource for future studies on neuronal differentiation.

Yuki Kobayashi ◽  
Shota Takemi ◽  
Takafumi Sakai ◽  
Chikashi Shibata ◽  
Ichiro Sakata

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Jiechen Wang ◽  
Fengyuan Guo ◽  
Guangjin Chen ◽  
Jiwei Sun ◽  
Qingming Tang ◽  

The bone extracellular matrix (ECM) contains organic and mineral constituents. The establishment and degradation processes of ECM connect with spatial and temporal patterns, especially circadian rhythms in ECM. These patterns are responsible for the physical and biological characteristics of bone. The disturbances of the patterns disrupt bone matrix remodeling and cause diverse bone diseases, such as osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and bone fracture. In addition, the main regulatory factors and inflammatory factors also follow circadian rhythms. Studies show that the circadian oscillations of these factors in bone ECM potentially influence the interactions between immune responses and bone formation. More importantly, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) within the specific microenvironments provide the regenerative potential for tissue remodeling. In this review, we summarize the advanced ECM spatial characteristics and the periodic patterns of bone ECM. Importantly, we focus on the intrinsic connections between the immunoinflammatory system and bone formation according to circadian rhythms of regulatory factors in bone ECM. And our research group emphasizes the multipotency of MSCs with their microenvironments. The advanced understandings of bone ECM formation patterns and MSCs contribute to providing optimal prevention and treatment strategies.

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