Pacific Medical Journal
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272
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Published By Kniga - Service Agency Ltd.

1609-1175

2022 ◽  
pp. 98-100
Author(s):  
A. A. Sultanov ◽  
Y. Y. Pervov ◽  
A. K. Yatsenko ◽  
M. A. Sultanova ◽  
D. O. Drozdova

The article presents a clinical case of the diagnostics and treatment of the temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ) in patient after orthodontic treatment. The hypertonia of masticatory muscles, limit of mouth opening and deviation of the jawbone to the right were observed during physical examination. Adhesion of the disk to the articular tubercle of the right temporal bone was detected on MRI. Hyperrotation of the articular head and the deviation of the jawbone to the right were observed on the charts during axiography. Disappearing of the feeling of heaviness in the right TMJ, free mouth opening, absence of deviation symptom, and the reduction of the rigidity of the masseter muscles were observed on the basis of diagnostic examinations after treatment. Presented clinical experience lets us make a conclusion that it is necessary to prescribe taking axiography and MRI during diagnosing and treating temporomandibular joint dysfunction.


2022 ◽  
pp. 85-91
Author(s):  
E. V. Krukovich ◽  
G. O. Momot ◽  
E. A. Osipenko

The article highlights one of the current issues of pediatrics - the study of the dynamics of Physical Development (PD) in children and adolescents. The numerous methods of assessment are used. The methods contain one-dimensional, two-dimensional and / or trimeric indicators. They do not fully give an idea of the level of the child's PD and do not reflect the patterns of his growth and development. In some cases, a pediatrician at the outpatient stage requires a comprehensive assessment of PD including age determination and compliance of biological age with the real age, determination of the PD harmony, somatotype determination, assessment of the direction of growth and development along with the calculation of indexes, functional state assessment, assessment of the degree of fat deposition or bioimpedance measurement, which allows determining the risk group. The assessment of PD indicators must be carried out according to regional tables.


2022 ◽  
pp. 95-97
Author(s):  
L. V. Rodionova ◽  
E. N. Shvetsova ◽  
M. M. Tsivanyuk ◽  
A. V. Pavlov ◽  
N. V. Shevchuk ◽  
...  

This clinical analysis is devoted to the case of exacerbation of ischemic heart disease in a 36-year-old man. A feature of this case is the combination of young age and obstructive coronary artery disease, as well as diagnostic search and analysis of the data obtained in the group of young patients.


2022 ◽  
pp. 80-84
Author(s):  
E. V. Antsiferova ◽  
T. E. Taranushenko ◽  
N. G. Kiseleva ◽  
E. A. Belyaeva ◽  
T. I. Donskaya

Objective: The analysis of clinical-laboratory peculiarities and the dynamics of glycemia clarifying the terms of blood glucose stabilization during the early neonatal period in children having risk factors of the development of such state.Methods: Open, retrospective , continuous, single-center study was conducted. It was aimed at getting preliminary data that is important for planning further tactics of examining newborns having risk factors on hypoglycemia development (kids having large body weight at birth, children whose mothers have diabetes, newborns having intrauterine growth retardation).The target group of the survey included 522 newborns of both genders in the early neonatal period (from 0 to 7 days of life).Results: There is data on the frequency of first indicated hypoglycemia in newborns having risk factors of the development of such state, clinicallaboratory peculiarities, the dynamics of glycemia during early neonatal period, and also the period of blood glucose stabilization (the age of reaching normoglycemia). Neonatal hypoglycemia was detected in 40.2% of examined children. Laboratory manifestation during the first day of life was noticed 62.9% of cases with the further normalization of glucose level in blood in 24 hours in 73.3% of newborns. Significant reduction of blood glucose was observed in 54.8% of cases requiring hypoglycemia therapy with parenteral prescription of 10% glucose solution. Hypoglycemia jugulated against oral correction of 5% glucoses solution in 40.5 % of cases. 4.8% of children got the level of glucose stabilized after introduction of supplementary feeding.Conclusion: The results of the newborns having risk factors on hypoglycemia development (kids having large body weight at birth, children whose mothers have diabetes, newborns having intrauterine growth retardation) examinations are presented. The peculiarities of neonatal hypoglycemia are: the absence of a typical clinical symptoms among 89% of children. Asymptomatic course of hypoglycemia confirms the importance and necessity of glycemia monitoring in the early neonatal period in order to conduct timely and adequate therapy.


2022 ◽  
pp. 92-94
Author(s):  
O. V. Perelomova ◽  
O. P. Gritsina ◽  
L. V. Trankovskaya

The software was designed to process and conduct comparative analysis of Big medical statistical data. This software is easy to use. It allows to conduct the analysis of medical statistical indexes in dynamics, gives a fair assessment of the time-series tendencies, helps to compare time-series of the studied indexes and presents graphic display of the information. The software can be used by health-care institutions, high education institutions, health-related scientific research organizations, physical culture organizations and institutions of the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing of the Russian Federation.


2022 ◽  
pp. 70-79
Author(s):  
S. N. Denisova ◽  
O. V. Tarasova ◽  
A. Ni ◽  
V. A. Revyakina ◽  
L. I. Ilyenko ◽  
...  

Objective: Study specific Igg4 antibodies to milk proteins indexes in healthy babies living in different Russian megalopolises.Methods: The complex research of the specific Igg4 antibodies to milk proteins during cohort study of 259 healthy babies of the first year of life. Children lived in five Russian cities: 60 children in Moscow, 50 newborns – in Saint Petersburg, 55 children came from Kazan, 43 children lived in Khabarovsk and 51 – in Vladivostok. Non-competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify specific Igg4 antibodies to cow milk proteins (CMP), beta-lactoglobulin (β-LG), alpha-lactalbumin (α-LA), casein and goat's milk protein (GM) in coprofiltratesResults: The highest frequency of the high Igg4 was discovered to CMP and goats’ milk was observed among children from Saint Petersburg during comparative assessment of the frequency of defining Igg4 to milk proteins in healthy newborns aged 2.5 months living in Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. The highest frequency of Igg4 increased rates to milk proteins among newborns from Kazan, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok was diagnosed during first three months of life on breastfeeding without any clinical symptoms of food intolerance. With age decrease of the frequency of specific Igg4 to milk proteins were observed among all babies from above-mentioned cities. By 8 month of life it made isolated cases.Conclusions: High frequency of increased Igg4 to milk proteins among 2 months old babies on breastfeeding was observed in the cities of Central and Far Eastern districts of Russian Federation. In this regard it can be supposed that Igg4s were got from mothers in the prenatal period and after birth through breastfeed. The presence of high frequency of the increased indexes of specific Igg4 to milk proteins probably was related to mothers’ nutrition habits during pregnancy and lactation periods.


2022 ◽  
pp. 41-45
Author(s):  
A. Nее ◽  
E. V. Sergeeva ◽  
O. G. Bykova ◽  
O. V. Semeshina

Objective: To study main clinical and laboratory peculiarities of the course of urinary tract disease among children aged from newborns to 3 years old.Methods: Research design is a prospective controlled clinical research. 102 (60.71±3.77 %) children having urinary tract infection without accompanying abnormalities of the urinary system development were included in the first group. 66 (39.29±3.77 %) children having infection of the urinary tract amid congenital kidney defect.Results: Comparative evaluation of the results of complex examination of both groups showed that urinary tract infection is characterized by intoxication, pain and dysuric syndroms. The presence of accompanying kidneys and urinary tract abnormality development defined the latent course of the disease in every second child (59.09%) and supports the early development of renal infection (during first six months after birth).Conclusions: It’s necessary to conduct the search of diagnostics markers and predictors of the infection of the urinary tract among children of the first years of life, especially if there is an abnormality of the organs of urinary system.


2022 ◽  
pp. 26-33
Author(s):  
V. M. Chertok ◽  
A. E. Kotsyuba ◽  
I. A. Khramova

Cellular-molecular mechanisms and factors, regulating uterus vascularization are also a focal point ensuring reproduction processes. In the process of angiogenesis endothelium expresses a number of receptors of growth factors and ligands which control main stages of the cellular makeup during vascular walls formation process. It in turn supports proliferation and reparation of the endometrium during menstrual cycle and prepares for the implantation and placentation.


2022 ◽  
pp. 50-55
Author(s):  
G. T. Dzyuba ◽  
Y. E. Skurikhina ◽  
G. A. Zakharova ◽  
A. V. Ponomareva

Objective: Epidemiological data analysis concerning the spread of brucellosis in Russia and Primorsky Region, study of the manifestations of the epidemic process and the current state of brucellosis issue.Methods: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of materials on infectious morbidity based on state statistical reporting forms No. 1, No. 2 “Information on infectious and parasitic morbidity”.Results: Brucellosis affects workers in the main occupational groups of livestock breeders, workers involved in the processing of livestock, who contact sick animals and other sources of brucellosis infection. Primorsky Region is a territory with an unstable epidemiological situation on brucellosis. A different morbidity rates were registered over the years. However usually it does not exceed the national average rate. In 2009, the morbidity rate counted 27.5% less than in Russian Federation (0.21 and 0.29 per 100,000 respectively), compared to previous years, the average long-term morbidity rate in the region increased by 3.5 times. The disease rate for the period from 2009 to 2019 ranged from 0.05 to 0.21%. In 2012, it exceeded the index in the Far Eastern Federal District (0.1 per 100,000 population). Brucellosis cases were detected among livestock breeders during an extraordinary medical examination due to the bad situation on brucellosis among animals.Conclusions: In recent decades, the epizootic and epidemiological situation on brucellosis remains tense due to the decrease in the number of serological and bacteriological studies among animals and humans, the weakening of veterinary-sanitary control and the formation of new private farms.


2022 ◽  
pp. 65-69
Author(s):  
D. A. Yakhieva-Onikhimovskaia ◽  
S. M. Kolesnikova ◽  
E. N. Suprun ◽  
V. V. Filippova

Objective: Identification of perinatal risk factors as differential predictors of violent and non-violent crimes among children and adolescents who come under the attention of juvenile departments of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation.Methods: Study of the perinatal history data of 148 juvenile offenders of comparable age (13-16 years old), selected using continuous sampling method in the course of a clinical observational cohort retrospective study.Results: Children from the control group in half of the cases were “late premature” (48%), with protein-energy malnutrition (frequency of occurrence of FGRP 56.8% BMI 56.1 ± 13.65). The beginning of their life was accompanied by a low score according to Apgar scale (6.9 ± 1.81). From the first minutes of life, they required urgent therapy in the delivery room (35.9%) and subsequent treatment at the ICU (25.7%) due to the damage of the respiratory system (asphyxia 11.5%, RDS 19.6%, episodes of apnea 16.2 %) and increasing dysfunction of the central nervous system (IVH II-IV grade 24.3%). Subsequently, they demonstrated a disruption of early neonatal adaptation and a clinical picture of the realization of intrauterine fetal developmental disorders, which arose both as a result of improper metabolism and of a prolonged oxygen starvation (adrenal hypoplasia 27.7%, cardiomyopathy 29.7%, hypoxia 48.6%).Conclusions: The initial protein-energy deficiency revealed in the course of the study if accompanied by the course of both acute and chronic oxygen starvation could influence the formation of destructive behavior in the group of juvenile offenders.


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