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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 807-812
Author(s):  
Yan Li ◽  
Yu-Ren Zhang ◽  
Ping Zhang ◽  
Dong-Xu Li ◽  
Tian-Long Xiao

It is a critical impact on the processing of biological cells to protein–protein interactions (PPIs) in nature. Traditional PPIs predictive biological experiments consume a lot of human and material costs and time. Therefore, there is a great need to use computational methods to forecast PPIs. Most of the existing calculation methods are based on the sequence characteristics or internal structural characteristics of proteins, and most of them have the singleness of features. Therefore, we propose a novel method to predict PPIs base on multiple information fusion through graph representation learning. Specifically, firstly, the known protein sequences are calculated, and the properties of each protein are obtained by k-mer. Then, the known protein relationship pairs were constructed into an adjacency graph, and the graph representation learning method–graph convolution network was used to fuse the attributes of each protein with the graph structure information to obtain the features containing a variety of information. Finally, we put the multi-information features into the random forest classifier species for prediction and classification. Experimental results indicate that our method has high accuracy and AUC of 78.83% and 86.10%, respectively. In conclusion, our method has an excellent application prospect for predicting unknown PPIs.


2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Hanrui Wu ◽  
Michael K. Ng

Multi-source domain adaptation is a challenging topic in transfer learning, especially when the data of each domain are represented by different kinds of features, i.e., Multi-source Heterogeneous Domain Adaptation (MHDA). It is important to take advantage of the knowledge extracted from multiple sources as well as bridge the heterogeneous spaces for handling the MHDA paradigm. This article proposes a novel method named Multiple Graphs and Low-rank Embedding (MGLE), which models the local structure information of multiple domains using multiple graphs and learns the low-rank embedding of the target domain. Then, MGLE augments the learned embedding with the original target data. Specifically, we introduce the modules of both domain discrepancy and domain relevance into the multiple graphs and low-rank embedding learning procedure. Subsequently, we develop an iterative optimization algorithm to solve the resulting problem. We evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method on several real-world datasets. Promising results show that the performance of MGLE is better than that of the baseline methods in terms of several metrics, such as AUC, MAE, accuracy, precision, F1 score, and MCC, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed method.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-33
Author(s):  
Yang Deng ◽  
Yuexiang Xie ◽  
Yaliang Li ◽  
Min Yang ◽  
Wai Lam ◽  
...  

Answer selection, which is involved in many natural language processing applications, such as dialog systems and question answering (QA), is an important yet challenging task in practice, since conventional methods typically suffer from the issues of ignoring diverse real-world background knowledge. In this article, we extensively investigate approaches to enhancing the answer selection model with external knowledge from knowledge graph (KG). First, we present a context-knowledge interaction learning framework, Knowledge-aware Neural Network, which learns the QA sentence representations by considering a tight interaction with the external knowledge from KG and the textual information. Then, we develop two kinds of knowledge-aware attention mechanism to summarize both the context-based and knowledge-based interactions between questions and answers. To handle the diversity and complexity of KG information, we further propose a Contextualized Knowledge-aware Attentive Neural Network, which improves the knowledge representation learning with structure information via a customized Graph Convolutional Network and comprehensively learns context-based and knowledge-based sentence representation via the multi-view knowledge-aware attention mechanism. We evaluate our method on four widely used benchmark QA datasets, including WikiQA, TREC QA, InsuranceQA, and Yahoo QA. Results verify the benefits of incorporating external knowledge from KG and show the robust superiority and extensive applicability of our method.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chunshan Wang ◽  
Ji Zhou ◽  
Yan Zhang ◽  
Huarui Wu ◽  
Chunjiang Zhao ◽  
...  

The disease image recognition models based on deep learning have achieved relative success under limited and restricted conditions, but such models are generally subjected to the shortcoming of weak robustness. The model accuracy would decrease obviously when recognizing disease images with complex backgrounds under field conditions. Moreover, most of the models based on deep learning only involve characterization learning on visual information in the image form, while the expression of other modal information rather than the image form is often ignored. The present study targeted the main invasive diseases in tomato and cucumber as the research object. Firstly, in response to the problem of weak robustness, a feature decomposition and recombination method was proposed to allow the model to learn image features at different granularities so as to accurately recognize different test images. Secondly, by extracting the disease feature words from the disease text description information composed of continuous vectors and recombining them into the disease graph structure text, the graph convolutional neural network (GCN) was then applied for feature learning. Finally, a vegetable disease recognition model based on the fusion of images and graph structure text was constructed. The results show that the recognition accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and specificity of the proposed model were 97.62, 92.81, 98.54, and 93.57%, respectively. This study improved the model robustness to a certain extent, and provides ideas and references for the research on the fusion method of image information and graph structure information in disease recognition.


Semantic Web ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Author(s):  
Hu Zhang ◽  
Jingjing Zhou ◽  
Ru Li ◽  
Yue Fan

With the rapid development of neural networks, much attention has been focused on network embedding for complex network data, which aims to learn low-dimensional embedding of nodes in the network and how to effectively apply learned network representations to various graph-based analytical tasks. Two typical models exist namely the shallow random walk network representation method and deep learning models such as graph convolution networks (GCNs). The former one can be used to capture the linear structure of the network using depth-first search (DFS) and width-first search (BFS), whereas Hierarchical GCN (HGCN) is an unsupervised graph embedding that can be used to describe the global nonlinear structure of the network via aggregating node information. However, the two existing kinds of models cannot simultaneously capture the nonlinear and linear structure information of nodes. Thus, the nodal characteristics of nonlinear and linear structures are explored in this paper, and an unsupervised representation method based on HGCN that joins learning of shallow and deep models is proposed. Experiments on node classification and dimension reduction visualization are carried out on citation, language, and traffic networks. The results show that, compared with the existing shallow network representation model and deep network model, the proposed model achieves better performances in terms of micro-F1, macro-F1 and accuracy scores.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Haoxuan Yuan ◽  
Qiangyu Zeng ◽  
Jianxin He

Accurate and high-resolution weather radar data reflecting detailed structure information of radar echo plays an important role in analysis and forecast of extreme weather. Typically, this is done using interpolation schemes, which only use several neighboring data values for computational approximation to get the estimated, resulting the loss of intense echo information. Focus on this limitation, a superresolution reconstruction algorithm of weather radar data based on adaptive sparse domain selection (ASDS) is proposed in this article. First, the ASDS algorithm gets a compact dictionary by learning the precollected data of model weather radar echo patches. Second, the most relevant subdictionaries are adaptively select for each low-resolution echo patches during the spare coding. Third, two adaptive regularization terms are introduced to further improve the reconstruction effect of the edge and intense echo information of the radar echo. Experimental results show that the ASDS algorithm substantially outperforms interpolation methods for ×2 and ×4 reconstruction in terms of both visual quality and quantitative evaluation metrics.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 47
Author(s):  
Handong He ◽  
Yanrong Liu ◽  
Jing Cui ◽  
Di Hu

Knowing the GIS expression of geological phenomena is an important basis for the combination of geology and GIS. Regional geological structures include folds, faults, strata, rocks, and other typical geological phenomena and are the focus of geological GIS research. However, existing research on the GIS expression of regional geological structure focuses on the expression of the spatial and attribute characteristics of geological structures, and our knowledge of the expression of the semantic, relationship, and evolution processes of geological structures is not comprehensive. In this paper, a regional geological structure scene expression model with the semantic terms positional accuracy, geometric shape, relationship type, attribute type, and time-type attributes and operations is proposed. A regional geological structure scenario markup language (RGSSML) and a method for mapping it with graphics are designed to store and graphically express regional geological structure information. According to the geological time scale, a temporal reference coordinate system is defined to dynamically express the evolution of regional geological structures. Based on the dynamic division of the time dimension of regional geological structures, the expression method of “time dimension + space structure” for the regional geological structure evolution process is designed based on the temporal model. Finally, the feasibility and effectiveness of the regional geological structure scene expression method proposed in this paper is verified using the Ningzhen Mountain (Nanjing section) as an example. The research results show that the regional geological structure scene expression method designed in this paper has the following characteristics: (1) It can comprehensively express the spatial characteristics, attribute characteristics, semantics, relationships, and evolution processes of regional geological structures; (2) it can be used to realize formalized expression and unified storage of regional geological information; and (3) it can be used to realize dynamic expression of the regional geological structure evolution process. Moreover, it has significant advantages for the expression of regional geological structure semantics, relationships, and evolution processes. This study improves our knowledge of the GIS expression of regional geological structures and is expected to further promote the combination and development of geology and GIS.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 289
Author(s):  
Guohua Gou ◽  
Haigang Sui ◽  
Dajun Li ◽  
Zhe Peng ◽  
Bingxuan Guo ◽  
...  

Manifold mesh, a triangular network for representing 3D objects, is widely used to reconstruct accurate 3D models of objects structure. The complexity of these objects and self-occlusion, however, can cause cameras to miss some areas, creating holes in the model. The existing hole-filling methods do not have the ability to detect holes at the model boundaries, leaving overlaps between the newly generated triangles, and also lack the ability to recover missing sharp features in the hole-region. To solve these problems, LIMOFilling, a new method for filling holes in 3D manifold meshes was proposed, and recovering the sharp features. The proposed method, detects the boundary holes robustly by constructing local overlap judgments, and provides the possibility for sharp features recovery using local structure information, as well as reduces the cost of maintaining manifold meshes thus enhancing their utility. The novel method against the existing methods have been tested on different types of holes in four scenes. Experimental results demonstrate the visual effect of the proposed method and the quality of the generated meshes, relative to the existing methods. The proposed hole-detection algorithm found almost all of the holes in different scenes and qualitatively, the subsequent repairs are difficult to see with the naked eye.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Haoxuan Yuan ◽  
Rahat Ihsan

Abstract Accurate and high-resolution weather radar data reflecting detailed structure information of radar echo plays an important role in analysis and forecast of extreme weather. Typically, this is done using interpolation schemes, which only use several neighboring data values for computational approximation to get the estimated, resulting the loss of intense echo information. Focus on this limitation, a super-resolution reconstruction algorithm of weather radar data based on adaptive sparse domain selection (ASDS) is proposed in this article. First, the ASDS algorithm gets a compact dictionary by learning the pre-collected data of model weather radar echo patches. Second, the most relevant sub-dictionaries are adaptively select for each low-resolution echo patches during the spare coding using a complex decision support system. Third, two adaptive regularization terms are introduced to further improve the reconstruction effect of the edge and intense echo information of the radar echo. Experimental results show that the ASDS algorithm substantially outperforms interpolation methods for ×2 and ×4 reconstruction in terms of both visual quality and quantitative evaluation metrics.


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