loop mediated isothermal amplification
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Jie Zhang ◽  
Miaomiao Li ◽  
Yunwen Ou ◽  
Danian Chen ◽  
Yaozhong Ding ◽  

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), a novel circovirus, imposes great burdens on the global pig industry. The penside tests for detecting PCV3 are critical for assessing the epidemiological status and working out disease prevention and control programs due to the unavailability of a commercial vaccine. A one-step molecular assay based on visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (vLAMP) was developed for simple and rapid detection of PCV3. We compared its sensitivity and specificity with TaqMan quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and applied the developed assay in the epidemiological study of (n = 407) pooled swine sera collected from almost the entire mainland China during the years 2017–2018. We also explored the feasibility of the vLAMP assay for detecting raw samples without a prior DNA isolation step to expand its application capability. Results showed that the vLAMP assay could reliably detect the PCV3 cap gene with a detection limit of 10 DNA copies equal to that of the Taqman qPCR assay. In the epidemiological study, the PCV3 positive detection rate for 407 swine pooled sera detected by the vLAMP assay was 37.35% (152/407), whereas it was 39.01% (159/407) for Taqman qPCR. For the detection method without genome extraction, the results kept satisfactory specificity (100%) but displayed lower sensitivity (100% for CT < 32), indicating the direct detection is not sensitive enough to discriminate the samples with low viral loads. The one-step vLAMP is a convenient, rapid, and cost-effective diagnostic for penside detection and will enable the epidemiological surveillance of PCV3, which has widely spread in mainland China.

2022 ◽  
Rebecca Allsopp ◽  
Georgios Alexandrou ◽  
Christofer Toumazou ◽  
Simak Ali ◽  
Charles Coombes ◽  

Abstract Isothermal amplification is an emerging approach for non-invasive, rapid and cost-effective real-time monitoring of cancer specific mutations through circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA). This study demonstrates a compact allele specific (AS) loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) strategy, termed ‘AS-Mini-LAMP’, modelled using wild type (WT) and mutation specific reactions targeting the estrogen receptor ESR1 c.1138G>C (p.E380Q) missense mutation. Allele selectivity, encoded at the 5’-end of the forward and backward inner primers (FIP and BIP) promotes enhanced selectivity upon self-hybridisation, loop formation and self-primed exponential amplification. Inclusion of unmodified self-stabilising (USS) primers aimed to reduce the likelihood of non-specific allele amplification through competitive inhibition and to enhance reaction velocity through an assisted strand displacement ‘swarm’ priming effect. The two assays were optimised using short synthetic WT and E380Q mutant DNA templates, and subsequently validated to a limit of detection of 500 mutant copies in under 25 minutes in ddPCR-confirmed positive (20.7% variant allele frequency) and negative patient plasma cfDNA samples. These results demonstrate the ability of AS-Mini-LAMP to achieve sensitive and selective amplification of actionable mutations present within plasma ctDNA.

2022 ◽  
Yusuke Kimura ◽  
Masashi Ikeuchi

Abstract Here, non-electric-control SalivaDirect loop-mediated isothermal amplification (NEC-SD-LAMP), which can detect infections by analyzing viral gene expression in saliva without electrical control systems, was developed. In this method, viral genes are purified from saliva using SalivaDirect, and gene expression is analyzed by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) by adding water to the device, and the results can be visually confirmed. Melting palmitic acid maintains the optimal temperature for the LAMP reaction, as the temperature of palmitic acid is maintained at 62.9°C, its melting point. By taking advantage of the proximity of this melting point to the optimal temperature for LAMP, it is possible to perform LAMP without electricity. Using this method, adenovirus DNA was detected in saliva. Furthermore, the detection limit was 2 copies per µL, indicating that it is possible to detect viral infections in saliva even before the onset of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yushan Bu ◽  
Wenjun Qiao ◽  
Zhengyuan Zhai ◽  
Tongjie Liu ◽  
Pimin Gong ◽  

Raw milk is susceptible to microbial contamination during transportation and storage. Pseudomonas fluorescens producing heat-resistant enzymes have become the most common and harmful psychrophilic microorganisms in the cold chain logistics of raw milk. To rapidly detect P. fluorescens in raw milk, the protease gene aprX was selected as a detection target to construct a set of primers with strong specificity, and a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was established. The detection thresholds of the LAMP assay for pure cultured P. fluorescens and pasteurized milk were 2.57 × 102 and 3 × 102 CFU/mL, respectively. It had the advantages over conventional method of low detection threshold, strong specificity, rapid detection, and simple operation. This LAMP assay can be used for online monitoring and on-site detection of P. fluorescens in raw milk to guarantee the quality and safety of dairy products.

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