root resorption
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Xiaojuan Zhang ◽  
Hong Zhou ◽  
Xiangling Liao ◽  
Yi Liu

Abstract Background To evaluate the difference in root resorption between standard torque self-ligating brackets and high torque self-ligating brackets in bimaxillary protrusion patients after orthodontic treatment. Methods Pre-treatment and post-treatment Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of 32 patients (16 treated with the high torque DamonQ 0.022″ bracket and 16 with the 0.022″ standard torque self-ligating bracket) were selected. The first premolars were extracted from all patients before treatment. After mini-screw implants were inserted into the buccal region between the second premolar and first molar, 150 g of force was applied to retract the upper and lower anterior teeth to close the extraction space on each side. CBCT images of all patients were taken before and after treatment. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the maxillary central incisor, lateral incisor and canine was conducted with Mimics 20.0 software. The volumes of the roots were calculated using Gomagics Studio 12.0 software. The differences between the pre-treatment and post-treatment root volumes were statistically evaluated with a paired-samples t-test. Results There was no statistically significant difference in root resorption degree between the two kinds of torque brackets. The patient’s degree of root resorption in the high torque self-ligating group was greater than that in the standard torque group. Conclusions There was no significant difference in root external apical resorption between the high torque self-ligating brackets and the standard torque self-ligating brackets in bimaxillary protrusion patients.

2022 ◽  
Juliana Gómez Arana ◽  
Diego Rey ◽  
Héctor Ríos ◽  
María Antonia Álvarez ◽  
Lucia Cevidanes ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate root resorption of lower incisors and canines quantitatively in a group of patients who underwent orthodontic treatment with piezocision and/or a collagen reinforcement technique with a fully resorbable three-dimensional (3D) collagen xenograft matrix compared with a control group. Materials and Methods The study sample of this secondary analysis consisted of 32 periodontally healthy patients with angle Class I malocclusion or mild Class II or III malocclusion and moderate irregularity index scores who underwent orthodontic treatment and had before (T0) and after treatment (T1) cone-beam computed tomography scans. Root resorption of lower incisors and canines was assessed quantitatively in the following four groups: the control group received orthodontic treatment without piezocision, experimental group 1 received orthodontic treatment with piezocision, experimental group 2 received orthodontic treatment with piezocision and a 3D collagen matrix, and experimental group 3 received orthodontic treatment with a 3D collagen matrix. Results An overall statistically significant decrease in root length from T0 to T1 for all groups was observed (P < .05). However, there was no significant difference among the groups in the amount of root length decrease from T0 to T1. Conclusions Orthodontic treatment combined with piezocision does not increase the risk of root resorption of lower incisors and canines when compared with orthodontic treatment without acceleration techniques. More studies with larger samples should be undertaken to confirm these results.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-58
Raphael Olszewski ◽  
Stéphane Shimwa-Karengera ◽  
Anna Gurniak ◽  
Eliza Gurniak ◽  
Alexis Serve ◽  

Objective: to build a descriptive classification of premolar and molar supernumerary teeth (ST) when preparing the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) report. The aim is also to share wide range of CBCT images in the open access publishing model. Material and methods: For our review we systematically searched for articles from PubMed with 1) free full texts on ST in molar and premolar area and using CBCT, and 2) articles providing with information on complications related with the presence of ST in molar and premolar area. We also added to our review studies providing with classic ST classifications in premolar and molar area. Results: We found 29 cases of ST, and we freely illustrated them with 84 figures. We separated our pictorial review in: 1) unilateral ST in the mandible, 2) unilateral ST in the maxilla, 3) unilateral undersized ST, 4) bilateral ST, 5) ST with additional features, and 6) cases with major hyperdontia. Conclusions: we build up the classification matrix for premolar and molar ST with 11 descriptors and 50 boxes. The descriptors were: 1) location if the ST crown in axial view, 2) vertical location of the cusp tip in relation with closest erupted tooth in coronal view, 3) shape, 4) distribution, 5) Position (in relation to normal tooth eruption) in sagittal view, 6) State of eruption of the ST in the sagittal view, 7) Follicle size measurement in sagittal view, 8) External root resorption of adjacent teeth by ST and its location in relation to the long axis of the involved tooth, 9) Internal resorption of ST, 10) Adjacent tooth complication, and 11) Damage to surrounding structures if ST removal. The open access figures from the literature illustrated 11 boxes. With our pictorial review we were able to illustrate 45 out of 50 boxes, and freely provide the readership with the most complete description of ST in premolar and molar area on CBCT than in previously published studies.

STEMedicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. e115
Jiang Wang ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Yingjie Wang ◽  
Yanli Liu ◽  
Yongjin Chen ◽  

Root resorption (RR) is a common complication of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs), which could result in tooth loss and affect life in severe cases. The management of a traumatized tooth with RR remains a challenge for clinicians. In our presented cases, the impacted teeth had a history of trauma and underwent thorough non-surgical endodontic treatment; however, RR still occurred months later and could be observed through a periapical radiograph. Therefore, root canal therapy was performed under a dental microscope with a quick-setting calcium silicate cement to repair the RR site. After a long follow-up, the affected teeth showed almost complete healing of the periradicular tissues without sign of RR. This report demonstrates that external root absorption is typically a consequence of traumatized teeth. However, to date, there is still no effective method for its treatment. Here, we successfully applied microscopical surgery to the traumatized teeth experiencing root absorption and provided them with a new healing opportunity.

Mohammad Khursheed Alam ◽  
Kiran Kumar Ganji ◽  
Ahmed Ali Alfawzan ◽  
Srinivas Munisekhar Manay ◽  
Kumar Chandan Srivastava ◽  

The orthodontic treatment brings numerous benefits and, in most cases, the benefits outweigh the possible disadvantages. Root resorption (RR) is a common adverse phenomenon associated with orthodontic treatment. This study evaluates the role of low-level laser emission / Photobiomodu-lation (LE/P) in quantitative measurements of root resorption (QRR). The application of LE/P was done after each orthodontic activation with 4 types of treatment intervention (TI) on the RR after fixed orthodontic treatment (FOT) of the upper arch with ectopic eye tooth/teeth [EET]. 32 Orthodontic patients scheduled for FOT were selected and assigned to the 4 groups. These were LE/P+Self ligating bracket (SLB), LE/P+Conventional bracket (CB), Non-Photobiomodulation (non-LE/P)+SLB, and non-LE/P+CB. Standard management stages of FOT were followed in the maxilla. Each patient received a single application of LE/P labially/buccally and palatally, a total of 5 different points during each activation or appointment. The main outcome measure was QRR in maxillary anteriors before and after FOT assessed via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) using 3D OnDemand software. Insignificant QRR was found between before and after FOT in SLB, CLB, and LE/P, non-LE/P groups (p > 0.05). QRR in the SLB vs CB and LE/P vs non-LE/P group was significantly different in 11, 13, and 23 (p < 0.05). QRR in the LE/P+SLB group (p < 0.05) was significantly different in 11, 13, and 23 than that in the other groups. The most severe QRR was found on the 13 (0.88 ± 0.28mm and 0.87±0.27mm) and 23 (1.19 ± 0.14 mm and 1.16±0.13mm) in the CB and non-LE/P group (p < 0.001). LE/P+SLB showed highly significant superior outcome (p < 0.001) in relation to non-LE/P+CB, the QRR of 23 were 0.813± 0.114mm and 1.156± 0.166mm respectively. Significantly higher amount of QRR found in EET patients after FOT treated with the CB, non-LE/P, and non-LE/P+CB system and warrants further investigation to explore potential specific causes.

Elif Keser ◽  
Farhad B. Naini

Abstract Background Techniques to accelerate tooth movement have been a topic of interest in orthodontics over the past decade. As orthodontic treatment time is linked to potential detrimental effects, such as increased decalcification, dental caries, root resorption, and gingival inflammation, the possibility of reducing treatment time in orthodontics may provide multiple benefits to the patient. Another reason for the surge in interest in accelerated tooth movement has been the increased interest in adult orthodontics. Review This review summarizes the different methods for surgical acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement. It also describes the advantages and limitations of these techniques, including guidance for future investigations. Conclusions Optimization of the described techniques is still required, but some of the techniques appear to offer the potential for accelerating orthodontic tooth movement and improving outcomes in well-selected cases.

Oral ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Edouard Di Donna ◽  
Loïc Mahé Keller ◽  
Annika Neri ◽  
Alexandre Perez ◽  
Tommaso Lombardi

Supernumerary teeth may be encountered as an incidental finding on a radiograph. When impacted, they may be associated with clinical signs related to different problems such as failure of eruption, teeth displacement, root resorption or cystic lesions. They may occur in primary and permanent dentition, in both the maxilla and mandible and can be single or multiple in patients with syndromes. Mesiodens is the most commonly impacted tooth and appears between the central maxillary incisors in pediatric ages. Supernumerary teeth distal to the third molar are rare, usually impacted and referred to as a distomolar. A 46-year-old male consulted with the main complaint of pain on the left side of the maxilla. A panoramic radiograph revealed a right impacted maxillary fourth molar located posterior to the third molar associated with a pericoronal radiolucency. The supernumerary tooth was removed surgically under local anesthesia and the pericoronal lesion enucleated. Histopathological examination was consistent with the diagnosis of a dentigerous cyst associated with an impacted distomolar. Healing was uneventful, and the patients remained asymptomatic. The occurrence of a maxillary distomolar is rare and even rarer the association with a dentigerous cyst.

Da Bin Lee ◽  
Boaz Arzi ◽  
Philip H. Kass ◽  
Frank J. M. Verstraete

Abstract OBJECTIVE To evaluate the radiographic outcome of root canal treatment (RCT) in dogs and compare outcomes with those reported for a previous study performed at the same institution in 2002. ANIMALS 204 dogs representing 281 teeth that underwent RCT. PROCEDURES The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched to identify dogs that underwent RCT between 2001 and 2018. Only dogs that had undergone at least 1 radiographic recheck appointment a minimum of 50 days after RCT were included in the study. Dental radiographs were reviewed. Treatment was considered successful if the periapical periodontal ligament space was within reference limits and preexisting external inflammatory root resorption (EIRR), if present, had stabilized. Treatment was considered to show no evidence of failure (NEF) if preoperative EIRR had stabilized and any preoperative periapical lucency (PAL) remained the same or had decreased in size but had not completely resolved. Treatment was considered to have failed if EIRR or a PAL developed after RCT, if a preoperative PAL increased in size, or if preexisting EIRR progressed. RESULTS Follow-up time ranged from 52 to 3,245 days (mean, 437 days). RCT was classified as successful for 199 (71%) teeth, NEF for 71 (25%) teeth, and failed for 11 (4%) teeth. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results showed that almost 2 decades after RCT outcome in dogs was first evaluated, during which time numerous advances in dental materials and techniques had been made, the success rate of RCT was virtually unchanged.

2022 ◽  
Sophie Beaumont ◽  
Christopher M Angel ◽  
Sarah‐Jane Dawson

Bone Reports ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 101165
Takumi Memida ◽  
Shinji Matsuda ◽  
Takashi Nakamoto ◽  
Kazuhisa Ouhara ◽  
Mikihito Kajiya ◽  

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