orthodontic treatment
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Alessio Danilo Inchingolo ◽  
Assunta Patano ◽  
Giovanni Coloccia ◽  
Sabino Ceci ◽  
Angelo Michele Inchingolo ◽  

Background: Elastodontics is a specific interceptive orthodontic treatment that uses removable elastomeric appliances. They are functional appliances that produce neuromuscular, orthopedic and dental effects. Thus, these devices are useful in the developmental age, when skeletal structures are characterized by important plasticity and adaptation capacity, allowing to remove factors responsible for malocclusions. Elastomeric devices are generally well tolerated by patients requiring simple collaboration and management. This work can be useful to update all orthodontists already adopting these appliances or for those who want to approach them for the first time. This study aimed to describe four cases treated with new elastomeric devices called AMCOP Bio-Activators and to provide an overview of elastodontics, its evolution, indications and limits. Methods: A total of four clinical cases were presented after a treatment period of 16–20 months to evaluate the clinical and radiological effects of the elastodontic therapy. Results: The effectiveness of Bio-Activators on clinical cases was evidenced with a significant improvement in skeletal and dentoalveolar relationship, and malocclusion correction in a limited treatment period (16–20 months). Conclusions: The Bio-Activators showed clinical effectiveness to achieve therapeutic targets according to a low impact on the patient’s compliance.

Abhishek Jain ◽  
Garima Jain ◽  
Madhuli Bhide ◽  
Pratibha Sharma ◽  
Janhavi Sapre ◽  

A 12 years 6 months old Indian male presented with a chief complaint of irregular upper and lower front teeth. Patient exhibited a mild convex profile on Class l skeletal base with slightly decreased vertical proportions. This was complicated by severe upper and lower labial segment crowding. Also the molar relationship was half unit class ll bilaterally. Since the patient did not want to go for extraction of premolars, treatment involved use of Pendulum appliance along with upper and lower pre-adjusted edgewise appliance (0.022x0.028” slot) with MBT prescription. Various elastics and overlay wires were used along with proximal stripping for the correction of severe crowding in upper and lower anterior teeth.: Clinically Angle’s Class I occlusion was achieved bilaterally with good intercuspal relationship. Vertical growth continued throughout the treatment.

Mohamed Ali Sawas ◽  
Mohammed Ahmed Al Nassir ◽  
Lojain Mohammed Nayas ◽  
Meshari Nasser Alabdulkarim ◽  
Farah Youssef Faden ◽  

Orthodontic treatment is usually conducted by applying forces to certain teeth to move them into a targeted position. Orthodontic wires have been reported to be the primary modalities used in fixed-appliances-based orthodontic treatment to induce favorable tooth movement events. Accordingly, acquiring adequate knowledge about these approaches' clinical applications and biochemical behavior is essential when planning for a successful orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic wires are widely used and are mainly composed of composites, polymers, alloys and metals. Accordingly, the physical properties and clinical application of orthodontic wires vary based on their composition. In this context, it was recommended that achieving favorable outcomes of orthodontic treatment obliges clinicians to decide the best orthodontic wire and treatment plan based on the chemical properties and related clinical applications of each wire. Therefore, wires that tend to produce increasing stiffness gradually are generally used. However, it should be noted that no ideal wire exists. Therefore, favoring the application of a wire over the other should be based on the intended outcomes and stage of the treatment process. 

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 266-269
Omar Hamad Alkadhi ◽  
Ali A. Alomran ◽  
Nawaf S. Alrafee ◽  
Faisal A. Alaresh ◽  
Marzouq S. Alqahtani ◽  

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pain caused by orthodontic fixed appliances on sleep quality of participants using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Materials and Methods: A previously validated Arabic version of PSQI was electronically distributed through different social media platforms and in waiting areas of orthodontic offices. Eligibility criteria included healthy adults and adolescents with orthodontic fixed appliances and with no systemic conditions that may affect sleep. The cut-off point used to determine poor sleep quality was (>5). Results: Three hundred and eighteen participants were included in the final analysis (28.9% males and 71.1% females). Both males and females with orthodontic fixed appliances had poor sleep quality with (Mean = 6.48, SD = 2.85, P = 0.000) for males, and (Mean = 7.18, SD = 2.87, P = 0.000) for females. Comparing males and females, we found that females scored higher than males in both subjective sleep quality and PSQI global score. Conclusion: Individuals undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances have poor sleep quality. Females undergoing orthodontic treatment tend to have poorer sleep quality compared to males.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 301-308
Vivek Kumar Thakur ◽  
Raghuvinder S. Vats ◽  
M. P. Prasanna Kumar ◽  
Sanjeev Datana ◽  
Mohit Sharma ◽  

Objectives: Our primary objective was to establish the efficacy of fluoride gel and fluoride varnish in the prevention of white spot lesions (WSLs) development during fixed orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 60 adult patients in a prospective split-mouth study design. Interventions, that is, topical fluoride gel and topical fluoride varnish were assigned at the time of bonding to either the right or left halves of the dentition. In all subjects, repeated evaluation of demineralization was done on the facial surfaces of sample teeth in each quadrant. Evaluation using laser fluorescence and by direct visual observation under magnification was carried out at bonding (T0), 3 months (T1), and 6 months (T2). Results: The distribution of mean DIAGNOdent score at T1 (3.14 ± 1.00 vs. 2.81 ± 0.852) and T2 (4.17 ± 1.41 vs. 3.51 ± 1.13) was observed which is significantly higher in the Gel group compared to the Varnish group. In the Gel group, the distribution of mean DIAGNOdent score at T1 (3.14 ± 1.00) and T2 (4.17 ± 1.41) is significantly higher compared to mean DIAGNOdent score at baseline T0 (2.07 ± 0.66). In the Varnish group, the distribution of mean DIAGNOdent score at T1 (2.81 ± 0.852) and T2 (3.51 ± 1.13) is significantly higher compared to the mean DIAGNOdent score at T0 (2.07 ± 0.66). Visual scores also correlated with DIAGNOdent scores. Conclusion: Fluoride varnish is more efficacious than fluoride gel in reducing enamel demineralization. Initial application of fluoride varnish around the orthodontic bracket at bonding appointment can offer significant protection against WSLs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 325-327
Namit Nagar

“Sagging” of the palatal cusp of upper second molars is a common finding observed during orthodontic treatment which may develop heavy balancing side contacts, which have been found to be detrimental to harmonious function of the masticatory system. Various modifications of transpalatal arch (TPA) are advocated to correct crossbite, but most of them will utilize an additional step of soldering a wire attachment to TPA. In this clinical pearl, the TPA was fabricated using a single wire component, eliminating an additional step of soldering.

Camille Inquimbert ◽  
Celine Clement ◽  
Antoine Couatarmanach ◽  
Paul Tramini ◽  
Denis Bourgeois ◽  

The aims of this study were to assess oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices among orthodontic patients between the ages of 15 and 17 years old compared to adolescents without orthodontic treatment. This cross-sectional study included 392 adolescents drawn from various French teaching hospitals. A closed-ended questionnaire was used to collect data. Adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment had a higher knowledge of oral health than adolescents without orthodontic treatment. The majority of adolescents for both groups (69%) claimed to brush their teeth twice a day. Regarding complimentary dental material, 81.9% of adolescents without orthodontic treatment never used an interdental brush and 78.8% never used dental floss. For those undergoing orthodontic treatment, 48.5% never used interdental brush. Only 4% of adolescents without and 3% of adolescents with orthodontic treatment never consumed fizzy drinks, 4.9% and 3% never consumed sweets, 4% and 8.4% never ate fast-food. Adolescents without treatment consumed more sodas (p=0.04) and more fast food (p=0.03). Adolescents had insufficient knowledge of oral health. Health education programmes should be implemented to improve adolescents' knowledge and individual oral prophylaxis with interdental brushes.

2022 ◽  
Juliana Gómez Arana ◽  
Diego Rey ◽  
Héctor Ríos ◽  
María Antonia Álvarez ◽  
Lucia Cevidanes ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate root resorption of lower incisors and canines quantitatively in a group of patients who underwent orthodontic treatment with piezocision and/or a collagen reinforcement technique with a fully resorbable three-dimensional (3D) collagen xenograft matrix compared with a control group. Materials and Methods The study sample of this secondary analysis consisted of 32 periodontally healthy patients with angle Class I malocclusion or mild Class II or III malocclusion and moderate irregularity index scores who underwent orthodontic treatment and had before (T0) and after treatment (T1) cone-beam computed tomography scans. Root resorption of lower incisors and canines was assessed quantitatively in the following four groups: the control group received orthodontic treatment without piezocision, experimental group 1 received orthodontic treatment with piezocision, experimental group 2 received orthodontic treatment with piezocision and a 3D collagen matrix, and experimental group 3 received orthodontic treatment with a 3D collagen matrix. Results An overall statistically significant decrease in root length from T0 to T1 for all groups was observed (P < .05). However, there was no significant difference among the groups in the amount of root length decrease from T0 to T1. Conclusions Orthodontic treatment combined with piezocision does not increase the risk of root resorption of lower incisors and canines when compared with orthodontic treatment without acceleration techniques. More studies with larger samples should be undertaken to confirm these results.

Nada Tashkandi ◽  
Mashael Abdullah Al Sadoon ◽  
Jumana Mohammed Albagshi ◽  
Rana Mohammed Bin Mandeel ◽  
Thuraya Adnan Albagshi

Background: Malocclusion is one of the most common oral cavity malformations. It has a variety of effects on dental health, function, aesthetics, and psychosocial condition. The suggested treatment for such a condition is orthodontic treatment. This study aims to assess the perceptions of orthodontic treatment needs of parents and their children with relation to their perception in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted to study the perception of children and their parents about the need for orthodontic treatment. The data were collected at the pediatric clinics of Riyadh Elm university in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and included 379 parents and their school children aged 4-12 years. An interviewed questionnaire was used to collect the data from the children and their parents separately.Results: The study found that the perception towards the need for orthodontic treatment of children and their parents was 44.6%, and 34.8% respectively. Also, a statistically significant difference was shown between the perception of children and their parents (p>0.05). The main factors affecting the perception was age, as the desire to have orthodontic treatment increased among children above age of 10 years. Other factors including satisfaction about chewing, teeth appearance, and social media altered the perception for orthodontic treatment need.Conclusions: These findings could be essential for orthodontic treatment planning and increasing patient compliance. The difference between children and parents’ perceptions can affect drive toward initial orthodontic visit.

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