Cancer Cell
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2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-12
Benedict S Liao ◽  
Elizabeth Harvowitz ◽  
Michael Fishbein ◽  

Glyco-polypeptides (Comosain, Bromelain) induced leucocyte binding ability to tumor surface antigens, such as interleukin 2, 6, 8, and TNFs, is known as an immuno-target therapy. Using different concentration of Bromelain proteinases in 6 types of cancer cell, it resulted in hydrolysis, fibrinolysis, necrosis, and anti-metastatic effects in tumor cells. Anti-cancer effects were achieved in carcinoma of lung, breast, colon, ovary, cervix, and uterus. Investigation of anti-metastatic effects in Bromelain were carried out in a double-blind study: low dose cohort was on 10 mg/kg/day and a high dose cohort which was on 50 mg/kg/day for a period of over six months. A total of 83 patients with 3rd and 4th stage of refractory solid tumors were enrolled, whom at least previously failed on two regimens of chemotherapy and/or failed on radiation therapy. The rates of Complete Response (CR) and Partial Responses (PR) in high dose cohort are astonishing with 52% and 27% respectively. The Progress Disease (PD) was 10%, and the Stable Disease (SD) was 11%. The implications and results of the findings are discussed with in view of the reported anti-metastatic activity of orally administrated Bromelain.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Ming-Ming Tan ◽  
Min-Hua Chen ◽  
Fang Han ◽  
Jun-Wei Wang ◽  
Yue-Xing Tu

Cancer is a leading cause of death, affecting people in both developed and developing countries. It is a challenging disease due to its complicated pathophysiological mechanism. Many anti-cancer drugs are used to treat cancer and reduce mortality rates, but their toxicity limits their administration. Drugs made from natural products, which act as multi-targeted therapy, have the ability to target critical signaling proteins in different pathways. Natural compounds possess pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer activity, low toxicity, and minimum side effects. Panax notoginseng is a medicinal plant whose extracts and phytochemicals are used to treat cancer, cardiovascular disorders, blood stasis, easing inflammation, edema, and pain. P. notoginseng’s secondary metabolites target cancer’s dysregulated pathways, causing cancer cell death. In this review, we focused on several ginsenosides extracted from P. notoginseng that have been evaluated against various cancer cell lines, with the aim of cancer treatment. Furthermore, an in vivo investigation of these ginsenosides should be conducted to gain insight into the dysregulation of several pathways, followed by clinical trials for the potential and effective treatment of cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Qiqun Pan ◽  
Tangfei Li ◽  
Zhangqin Luo ◽  
Pengji Pan

The multiple myeloma is a malignant clonal tumor of bone marrow plasma cells that is incurable and inevitably recurrent. The mechanisms of progression include tumor cell metastasis, immune escape, resistance to apoptosis, and malignant proliferation. The cysteine-rich secreted acidic protein is closely related to the growth, development, remodeling, and repair of cells and tissues. In our study, we divided myeloma patients and patients with other blood diseases into groups and measured the cysteine-rich secreted acidic protein (SPARC) content in the serum of different groups of patients as well as the prognostic differences. The U266 cells were transfected with interfering vectors and overexpressed SPARC vectors to determine the physiological functions of MM cells. Our results showed that SPARC was highly expressed in MM and the survival rate of the high SPARC expression group was lower than that of the low expression group. Interfering SPARC vectors inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted apoptosis. Overexpression of SPARC vectors promoted cancer cell development. SPARC affected the patient’s disease development by regulating the biological behavior of the MM cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Liuqing Yang ◽  
Lina Li ◽  
Pan Chang ◽  
Ming Wei ◽  
Jianting Chen ◽  

Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies harmful to human health. The search for effective drugs or gene therapy has aroused the attention of scientists. So far, microRNAs, as small non-coding RNAs, have the potential to be therapeutic targets for cancer. Herein, we found a highly expressed miR-25 in gastric cancer cell. However, the function of miR-25 for gastric cancer cell growth and apoptosis was unknown. Functionally, we used RT-qPCR, western blot, CCK-8, and flow cytometry to detect gastric cancer cell growth and apoptosis. The results indicated that miR-25 promoted gastric cancer cell growth and inhibited their apoptosis. Mechanistically, we found that a gene EGR2 was a potential target gene of miR-25. Further dual-luciferase results supported this prediction. Moreover, knockdown of EGR2 promoted gastric cancer cell growth and inhibited their apoptosis by flow cytometry detection. Altogether, these findings revealed miR-25 as a regulator of gastric cancer cell growth and apoptosis through targeting EGR2.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Hongtao Zhen ◽  
Peng Du ◽  
Qiang Yi ◽  
Xiaolong Tang ◽  
Tongqing Wang

Abstract Background Bladder cancer is a prevalent malignancy of the urinary system, in which long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are highly associated. We aimed to elucidate the role of LINC00958 in bladder cancer. Methods LINC00958 expression levels were measured using qRT-PCR. The interaction of LINC00958-miR-490-3p-AURKA was analyzed by luciferase, RIP, and RNA pull-down assays. The biological roles of LINC00958, miR-490-3p, and AURKA in bladder cancer cells were analyzed using CCK8, BrdU, and transwell assays. Results Increased expression of LINC00958 and AURKA was observed in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines. Decreased LINC00958 expression repressed bladder cancer progression and downregulation of miR-490-3p accelerated bladder cancer cell progression. Moreover, LINC00958 sponges miR-490-3p to upregulate AURKA expression, thereby promoting carcinogenesis in bladder cancer cells. Conclusions Our study revealed that LINC00958 facilitated cell proliferation and invasion, and suppressed cell apoptosis by sponging miR-490-3p and upregulating AURKA, thus inspiring a new treatment method for bladder cancer.

2021 ◽  
pp. 247255522110519
Christopher T. Korch ◽  
Amanda Capes-Davis

Cell lines are essential models for biomedical research. However, they have a common and important problem that needs to be addressed. Cell lines can be misidentified, meaning that they no longer correspond to the donor from whom the cells were first obtained. This problem may arise due to cross-contamination: the accidental introduction of cells from another culture. The contaminant, which is often a rapidly dividing cell line, will overgrow and replace the original culture. The end result is a false cell line, also known as a misidentified or imposter cell line. False cell lines may come from an entirely different species, tissue, or cell type than the original donor. If undetected, false cell lines produce unreliable and irreproducible results that pollute the biomedical literature and threaten the development of reliable drug discovery and meaningful patient treatments. The goal of this study was to ascertain how widespread this problem is and how it affects the literature, as well as to estimate how much funding has been used to produce pools of scientific literature of questionable value. We focus on HEp-2 [HeLa] and Intestine 407 [HeLa], two false cell lines that are widely used in the scientific literature but were shown to be cross-contaminated in 1967. These two cell lines have been used in 8497 and 1397 published articles and extensively described as laryngeal cancer and normal intestine, respectively, rather than their true identity: the cervical cancer cell line HeLa. Discussed are tools, approaches, and resources that can address this issue—both retrospectively and prospectively.

2021 ◽  
pp. 174751982110519
Ling-Qi Kong ◽  
Xiu-Lian Zhu ◽  
Qin-Hua Chen ◽  
Lun Wu ◽  
Hong-Mei Wang ◽  

Many marine alkaloids possess interesting structures and antitumor activities. Thus, we have synthesized (2 E,4 E)-4-arylidene-2-styryl-5-oxopyrrolidine derivatives of the marine alkaloids, rhopaladins A–D. The cytotoxicities of these derivatives against C-33A, CaSki, SiHa, HeLa, HepG2, and LO2 cells are evaluated by MTT assays. The results show that (2 E,4 E)-2-(4-chlorostyryl)-4-benzylidene- N-cyclohexyl-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamide significantly inhibits cancer cell proliferation, with IC50 values against C-33A, CaSki, SiHa, HeLa, and HepG2 cells of 5.56, 9.15, 12.5, 21.4, and 14.5 μM, respectively, and an IC50 value of 86.77 μM against the normal LO2 cell line.

2021 ◽  
Arba Karcini ◽  
Iulia M Lazar

The plasma membrane proteome resides at the interface between the extra- and intra-cellular environment and through its various roles in signal transduction, immune recognition, nutrient transport, and cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions plays an absolutely critical role in determining the fate of a cell. Our work was aimed at exploring the landscape of the cancer cell-membrane proteome responsible for sustaining uncontrolled cell proliferation, and its intrinsic resources for enabling detection and therapeutic interventions. SKBR3/HER2+ breast cancer cells were used as a model system and mass spectrometry for characterizing the proteome. The number of identified cell-membrane proteins exceeded 2,000, with ~1,300 being matched by two or more unique peptides. Classification in four major categories, i.e., proteins with receptor or enzymatic activity, CD antigens, transporters, and cell adhesion proteins, uncovered overlapping roles in biological processes that drive cell growth, apoptosis, differentiation, immune response, adhesion and migration, as well as capabilities for signaling crosstalk and alternate pathways for proliferation. The large number of tumor markers (>50) and putative drug targets (>100) exposed a vast potential for yet unexplored detection and targeting opportunities, whereas the presence of 15 antigen immunological markers enabled an assessment of epithelial, mesenchymal or stemness characteristics. Serum-starved cells displayed altered processes related to mitochondrial OXPHOS/ATP synthesis, protein folding and localization, while serum-treated cells exhibited attributes that support tissue invasion and metastasis. Altogether, our findings advance the understanding of the biological triggers that sustain aberrant cancer cell proliferation, survival and development of resistance to therapeutic drugs, and reveal the vast innate opportunities for guiding immunological profiling and precision medicine applications aimed at target selection or drug discovery.

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