cancer cell
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2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 528-537
Author(s):  
GeorginaVenecia Bello-Martínez ◽  
Génesis García-Ramírez ◽  
Monserrat Olea-Flores ◽  
Napoleón Navarro-Tito ◽  
Alberto Hernández-Moreno ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 989-995
Author(s):  
Ke Chunlin ◽  
Dong Feng ◽  
Wang Peirong

Objective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate Enhancement Mechanism of Dihydromyricetin (DMY) on the Inhibitory Role of Cisplatin Towards Breast Cancer Cell Activity. Materials and Methods: The MCF-7 were divided into NC, DMY, Cis and DMY+Cis groups. Using relative methods (MTT, TUNEL, Transwell, flow cytometry and wound healing) to evaluate MCF-7 cell biological activities including cell viability, apoptosis, invasion cell number and wound healing rate. The relative proteins expressions including FOXO-1, Noxa, Bim, Cyto C, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Apaf-1 were evaluated by WB assay. Results: MCF-7 cell viability, invasion cell number and wound healing rates were significantly depressed and apoptosis rate were significantly increased in DMY, Cis and DMY+Cis groups (P < 0.01, respectively). Compared with Cis group, cell viability, invasion cell number and wound healing rates were significantly depressed and apoptosis rate were significantly increased in DMY+Cis group (P < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: Dihydromyricetin can effectively enhance the inhibitory effect of cisplatin on breast cancer cells.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
A. Al Hargan ◽  
M. H. Daghestani ◽  
A. H. Harrath

Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease with high incidence worldwide. As of 2018, it is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. In Saudi Arabia, the incidence of this disease has been increasing in the younger population. Both genetic and lifestyle factors may have contributed to its increased incidence and pathogenesis. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a food flavor enhancer that can be found in many commercial foods, and it can sometimes be used as a substitute to table salt. MSG has been investigated for its possible genotoxicity, yielding controversial results. In the present study, the effect of MSG on cell viability and its effect on expression of APC, BECN1, and TP53 genes in SW620 and SW480 colon cancer cell lines were studied. TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene that functions in modifying DNA errors and/or inducing apoptosis of damaged cells, and both APC and BECN1 genes are involved in CRC and are of importance in cellular growth and metastasis. Cancer cell viability was analyzed using MTT assay, and the results showed a significant increase in the number of viable cells after 24 h of treatment with MSG with different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 10, 50, and 100mM). Moreover, gene expression results showed a significant increase in the expression levels of APC and BECN1 under specified conditions in both cell lines; conversely, TP53 showed a significant decrease in expression in SW620 cells. Thus, it can be concluded that MSG possibly confers a pro-proliferative effect on CRC cells.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 100252
Author(s):  
Ruijia Hu ◽  
Jingwen Xu ◽  
Guangyan Qi ◽  
Weiqun Wang ◽  
Xiuzhi Susan Sun ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 1249 ◽  
pp. 131634
Author(s):  
Aref A.M. Aly ◽  
Amna S.A. Zidan ◽  
Ahmed B.M. Ibrahim ◽  
Hanan K. Mosbah ◽  
Peter Mayer ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Sharareh Shamloo ◽  
◽  
Sayeh Jafari Marandi ◽  
Golnaz Tajadod ◽  
Ahmad Majd ◽  
...  

Cota tinctoria is a medicinal plant which has been used for management of cancer in folk medicine of various regions. The aim of present study is to investigate cytotoxic activity of different concentrations of hydroalcoholic extract of C. tinctoria flowers on gastric (AGS) and liver (Hep-G2) cancer cell lines as well as Human Natural GUM fibroblast (HUGU) cells. Cell mortality rates were examined after 24, 48 and 72 h incubations using the MTT assay. IC50 of extract on AGS cells after 24, 48 and 72h was 1.46, 1.29 and 1.14 µg/mL respectively. The extract demonstrated IC50 of 5.15, 3.92 and 2.89 µg/mL on Hep-G2 cells after 24, 48 and 72 h respectively. No cytotoxic effect was detected on HUGU (Human Natural GUM fibroblast) cells. C. tinctoria seems to have a promising potential to be considered as a source for anticancer drug discovery. However, more experimental and clinical studies are required.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ponnusamy Packialakshmi ◽  
Perumal Gobinath ◽  
Daoud Ali ◽  
Saud Alarifi ◽  
Raman Gurusamy ◽  
...  

In this work, we synthesize the sulfonated Schiff bases of the chitosan derivatives 2a-2j without the use of a catalyst in two moderately straightforward steps with good yield within a short reaction time. The morphology and chemical structure of chitosan derivatives were investigated using FT-IR, NMR (1H—13C), XRD, and SEM. Furthermore, our chitosan derivatives were tested for their anticancer activity against the MCF-7 cancer cell line, and doxorubicin was used as a standard. In addition, the normal cell lines of the breast cancer cell MCF-10A, and of the lung cell MRC-5 were tested. Compound 2 h, with a GI50 value of 0.02 µM for MCF-7, is highly active compared with the standard doxorubicin and other compounds. The synthesized compounds 2a-2j exhibit low cytotoxicity, with IC50 &gt; 100 μg/ml, against normal cell lines MCF-10A, MRC-5. We also provide the results of an in-silico study involving the Methoxsalen protein (1Z11). Compound 2h exhibits a higher binding affinity for 1Z11 protein (−5.9 kcal/mol) and a lower binding affinity for Doxorubicin (−5.3 kcal/mol) than certain other compounds. As a result of the aforementioned findings, the use of compound 2h has an anticancer drug will be researched in the future.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Christos A. Aggelopoulos ◽  
Anna-Maria Christodoulou ◽  
Myrsini Tachliabouri ◽  
Stauros Meropoulis ◽  
Maria-Elpida Christopoulou ◽  
...  

Breast cancer exists in multiple subtypes some of which still lack a targeted and effective therapy. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has been proposed as an emerging anti-cancer treatment modality. In this study, we investigated the effects of direct and indirect CAP treatment driven by the advantageous nanosecond pulsed discharge on breast cancer cells of different malignant phenotypes and estrogen receptor (ER) status, a major factor in the prognosis and therapeutic management of breast cancer. The main CAP reactive species in liquid (i.e. H2O2, NO2−/NO3−) and gas phase were determined as a function of plasma operational parameters (i.e. treatment time, pulse voltage and frequency), while pre-treatment with the ROS scavenger NAC revealed the impact of ROS in the treatment. CAP treatment induced intense phenotypic changes and apoptosis in both ER+ and ER- cells, which is associated with the mitochondrial pathway as evidenced by the increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and cleavage of PARP-1. Interestingly, CAP significantly reduced CD44 protein expression (a major cancer stem cell marker and matrix receptor), while differentially affected the expression of proteases and inflammatory mediators. Collectively, the findings of the present study suggest that CAP suppresses breast cancer cell growth and regulates several effectors of the tumor microenvironment and thus it could represent an efficient therapeutic approach for distinct breast cancer subtypes.


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