light emission
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2022 ◽  
Vol 26 ◽  
pp. 101288
Razi Ahmad ◽  
Lukáš Zdražil ◽  
Sergii Kalytchuk ◽  
Alberto Naldoni ◽  
Elmira Mohammadi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 926
Marek Mazurek ◽  
Dariusz Szczepanek ◽  
Anna Orzyłowska ◽  
Radosław Rola

Glial tumors are one of the most common lesions of the central nervous system. Despite the implementation of appropriate treatment, the prognosis is not successful. As shown in the literature, maximal tumor resection is a key element in improving therapeutic outcome. One of the methods to achieve it is the use of fluorescent intraoperative navigation with 5-aminolevulinic acid. Unfortunately, often the level of fluorescence emitted is not satisfactory, resulting in difficulties in the course of surgery. This article summarizes currently available knowledge regarding differences in the level of emitted fluorescence. It may depend on both the histological type and the genetic profile of the tumor, which is reflected in the activity and expression of enzymes involved in the intracellular metabolism of fluorescent dyes, such as PBGD, FECH, UROS, and ALAS. The transport of 5-aminolevulinic acid and its metabolites across the blood–brain barrier and cell membranes mediated by transporters, such as ABCB6 and ABCG2, is also important. Accompanying therapies, such as antiepileptic drugs or steroids, also have an impact on light emission by tumor cells. Accurate determination of the factors influencing the fluorescence of 5-aminolevulinic acid-treated cells may contribute to the improvement of fluorescence navigation in patients with highly malignant gliomas.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 522
Ljiljana Stojanović ◽  
Rachel Crespo-Otero

Due to their substantial fluorescence quantum yields in the crystalline phase, propeller-shaped molecules have recently gained significant attention as potential emissive materials for optoelectronic applications. For the family of cyclopentadiene derivatives, light-emission is highly dependent on the nature of heteroatomic substitutions. In this paper, we investigate excited state relaxation pathways in the tetraphenyl-furan molecule (TPF), which in contrast with other molecules in the family, shows emission quenching in the solid-state. For the singlet manifold, our calculations show nonradiative pathways associated with C-O elongation are blocked in both vacuum and the solid state. A fraction of the population can be transferred to the triplet manifold and, subsequently, to the ground state in both phases. This process is expected to be relatively slow due to the small spin-orbit couplings between the relevant singlet-triplet states. Emission quenching in crystalline TPF seems to be in line with more efficient exciton hopping rates. Our simulations help clarify the role of conical intersections, population of the triplet states and crystalline structure in the emissive response of propeller-shaped molecules.

2022 ◽  
Muhammad Amin Padhiar ◽  
Minqiang Wang ◽  
Yongqiang Ji ◽  
Zhi Yang ◽  
Arshad Saleem Bhatti

Abstract In recent years, significant progress has been made in the red and green perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) based light-emitting devices. However, a scarcity of blue-emitting devices that are extremely efficient precludes their research and development for optoelectronic applications. Taking advantage of tunable bandgaps of PQDs over the entire visible spectrum, herein we tune optical properties of CSPbBr3 by mixing Nd3+ trivalent lanthanide halide cations for blue light-emitting devices. The CsPbBr3 PQDs doped with Nd3+ trivalent lanthanide halide cations emitted strong photoemission from green into the blue region. By adjusting their doping concentration, a tunable wavelength from (515 nm) to (450 nm) was achieved with FWHM from (37.83 nm) to (16.6 nm). We simultaneously observed PL linewidth broadening thermal quenching of PL and the blue shift of the optical bandgap from temperature-dependent PL studies. The Nd3+ cations into CsPbBr3 PQDs more efficiently reduced non-radiative recombination. As a result of the efficient removal of defects from PQDs, the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) has been significantly increased to 91% in the blue-emitting region. Significantly, Nd3+ PQDs exhibit excellent long-term stability against the external environment, including water, temperature, and ultraviolet light irradiation. Moreover, we successfully transformed Nd3+ doped PQDs into highly fluorescent nanocomposites. Incorporating these findings, we fabricate and test a stable blue light-emitting LED with EL emission at (462 nm), (475 nm), and successfully produce white light emission from Nd3+ doped nanocomposites with a CIE at (0.32, 0.34), respectively. The findings imply that low-cost Nd3+ doped perovskites may be attractive as light converters in LCDs with a broad color gamut.

2022 ◽  
Dingrong Liu ◽  
Zenghua Cai ◽  
Yu-Ning Wu ◽  
Shiyou Chen

Abstract The γ-phase Cuprous Iodide (CuI) emerges as a promising transparent p-type semiconductor for next-generation display technology because of its wide direct band gap, intrinsic p-type conductivity, and high carrier mobility. Two main peaks are observed in its photoluminescence (PL). One is short wavelength (410-430 nm) emission, which is well attributed to the electronic transitions at Cu vacancy, whereas the other long wavelength emission (680-720 nm) has not been fully understood. In this paper, through first-principles simulations, we investigate the formation energies and emission line shape for various defects, and discover that the intrinsic point defect cluster V_I+Cu_i^(2+) is the source of the long wavelength emission. Our finding is further supported by the prediction that the defect concentration decreases dramatically as the chemical condition changes from Cu-rich to I-rich, explaining the significant reduction in the red light emission if CuI is annealed in abundant I environment.

2022 ◽  
Pingwu Du ◽  
Xinyu Zhang ◽  
Huiqing Liu ◽  
Guilin Zhuang ◽  
Shangfeng Yang

Herein we report a novel chiral bismacrocycle with unexpected dual emission and tunable aggregation-induced emission colors. A facile four-step synthesis strategy is developed to construct this rigid bismacrocycle, (1,4)[8]cycloparaphenylenophane (SCPP[8]), which possesses a 1,2,4,5-tetraphenylbenzene core locked by two intersecting polyphenylene-based macrocycles. The luminescent behavior of SCPP[8] shows the unique characteristics of both aggregation-caused quenching effect and aggrega-tion-induced emission (AIE) effect, inducing remarkable redshift emission including near white-light emission. SCPP[8] is configurationally stable and possesses a novel shape-persistent bismacrocycle scaffold with a high strain energy (up to 127.83 kcal/mol). In addition, SCPP[8] displays enhanced circularly polarized luminescence properties due to AIE effect.

G. Bianco ◽  
E. Bittencourt ◽  
M. Gallamini ◽  
L. Russo ◽  
G. Belloni ◽  

Yang Qiao Mai, one of the eight channels known as extraordinary meridians, is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to relieve tension in the lateral muscles of the legs. According to TCM, each extraordinary vessel has main points, coalescent points, and one single master point (BL62 Shenmai for Yang Qiao Mai), which can influence the entire path of the meridian. We performed a test which involved measuring the changes in abduction strength of the gluteus medius following stimulation with a new type of photobiomodulation device, which delivers a very low level of modulated light on the BL62 Shenmai acupuncture point. Twenty-two healthy volunteers were measured, stimulated, and the measurement repeated 30 minutes after the first measurement. In addition to showing a regulatory effect of the stimulation, the test confirmed that a modulated red-light emission with a stimulus duration of 20 s for a total delivered energy of 0.35 mJ can induce an acupuncture-like response, even in the short term. The difference between the two body sides generally results as being around 6 Kg: this figure appears to be a physiological limit, probably due to an anatomical compensation of the body asymmetries. These results offer a new insight into the interpretation of the signaling process along the meridians, and appears to involve the return to homeostasis of the extracellular soft tissue matrix promoted by the photon flow.

Nanophotonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Dung Thi Vu ◽  
Nikolaos Matthaiakakis ◽  
Hikaru Saito ◽  
Takumi Sannomiya

Abstract Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), possessing unique exciton luminescence properties, have attracted significant attention for use in optical and electrical devices. TMDCs are also high refractive index materials that can strongly confine the electromagnetic field in nanoscale dimensions when patterned into nanostructures, thus resulting in complex light emission that includes exciton and dielectric resonances. Here, we use cathodoluminescence (CL) to experimentally visualize the emission modes of single molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflakes and to investigate luminescence enhancement due to dielectric resonances in nanoscale dimensions, by using a scanning transmission electron microscope. Specifically, we identify dielectric modes whose resonant wavelength is sensitive to the shape and size of the nanoflake, and exciton emission peaks whose energies are insensitive to the geometry of the flakes. Using a four-dimensional CL method and boundary element method simulations, we further theoretically and experimentally visualize the emission polarization and angular emission patterns, revealing the coupling of the exciton and dielectric resonant modes. Such nanoscopic observation provides a detailed understanding of the optical responses of MoS2 including modal couplings of excitons and dielectric resonances which play a crucial role in the development of energy conversion devices, single-photon emitters, and nanophotonic circuits with enhanced light-matter interactions.

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