intrauterine insemination
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
He Cai ◽  
Jinlin Xie ◽  
Juanzi Shi ◽  
Hui Wang

Abstract Background Intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment is recommended in subfertile women with AFS/ASRM stage I/II endometriosis. However, the efficacy of IUI in women with ovarian endometriomas with tubal patency is uncertain. We explored the efficacy of IUI for the treatment of endometrioma-associated subfertility. Methods We performed a retrospective matched cohort study using propensity matching (PSM) analysis. Subfertile couples undergoing IUI with and without ovarian stimulation between January 1, 2015, and May 30, 2020 were reviewed. Results After PSM, 56 women with endometrioma alone were matched to 173 patients with unexplained subfertility. The per-cycle pregnancy rate (PR) was comparable between women with endometrioma-associated subfertility (n = 56, 87 cycles) and women with unexplained subfertility (n = 173, 280 cycles) (9.2% vs. 17.9%, OR 0.47; 95% CI, 0.21–1.03). Subgroup analyses based on IUI with or without stimulation also resulted in comparable results. A trend toward a lower cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) was seen in women with endometrioma (14.3%, 8/56) compared with women with unexplained subfertility (28.9%, 50/173), but the differences were not significant (HR 0.49; 95% CI, 0.23–1.15). However, patients with endometrioma were nearly twice as likely to converse to IVF treatment compared with those without the disease (60.7% versus 43.9%; OR 1.97; 95% CI, 1.07–3.65). Conclusion IUI may be a viable approach for subfertile women with endometrioma and no other identifiable infertility factor. More studies are needed to reassure the findings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (6) ◽  
pp. 88
V.A. Bozhedomov ◽  
M.A. Mashina ◽  
I.A. Korneyev ◽  
E.V. Isakova ◽  
N.K. Bichevaya ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 136-141
Rajib Roy ◽  
Agniv Sarkar ◽  
Bibhas Saha Dalal

Background: A combination of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI) remains an important treatment option for couple having infertility. Success rate of IUI with ovulation induction ranges from 8-20% depending on many factors. Aims and Objectives: To assess the factors affecting the success rate of IUI and to evaluate the success of ovulation Induction by different methods of controlled stimulation protocol. Materials and Methods: It is a duration-based prospective cross-sectional study where total of 67 couples were included by inclusion and exclusion criteria. They underwent 90 cycles of IUI with each couple having a maximum of three cycles. Ovulation induction was done by clomiphene citrate or letrozole or gonadotrophins. Semen preparation was done by density gradient method. The outcomewas measured by positive urine pregnancy test. Range, percentage, confidence interval, mean with standard deviation, median, range, and P-value were calculated. P<0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: Out of 90 IUI cycles 8 were successful resulting in a success rate of 8.8% per cycle and 11.9% per couple. Factors that had a positive impact were follicle size >21 sqmm, endometrial thickness >9 mm, post wash count >15 million/ml, >2 cycles of IUI and on the number of follicles 2 or more on the day of trigger. Conclusion: The study concluded that IUI after ovulation induction can be a simple and safe cost-effective procedure in selected group of infertile couple. Clinical significance IUI following ovulation induction can be a successful approach for specific indications in a low-resource setting where options for other ART interventions are absent or limited.

2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
pp. 0
Marie Cardey-Lefort ◽  
Berengere Ducrocq ◽  
Audrey Uk ◽  
Helen Behal ◽  
Anne-Laure Barbotin ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 92 (12) ◽  
pp. 860-864
Sebnem Alanya Tosun ◽  
Bülent Ergun ◽  
Ayşe Filiz Gökmen Karasu ◽  
Enis Özkaya ◽  
Tuğba Gürbüz

Pankaj Sharma ◽  
Ashok Verma ◽  
Kritika Katoch

Background: Infertility is commonly defined as the failure of conception after at least twelve months of unprotected intercourse. Factors contributing are both male and female in which unexplained etiology accounts for 51%, male factor 28%, endometriosis 17% and ovulatory disorders 4%.Methods: Prospective, randomized study was conducted at DRRPG medical college, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. In our study, patients were randomized into two groups of 30 each. Women in group A received clomiphene citrate 100mg/day and group B received letrozole 2.5 mg/day from day 3-7 of menstrual cycle. All the patients received human menopausal gonadotropin 75 U given every alternate day from day 5 until HCG administration. Ovulation was triggered with recombinant HCG (5000 IUIM) when the dominant follicles reached 18 mm in diameter. A single IUI was performed 36 hours later. A maximum of four cycles were given.Results: In our study, total number of induction cycles given in group A and B were 120 and 114 respectively. Out of these, 112 and 111 IUI cycles were done in group A and B respectively. A pregnancy rate of 1.66% and 7.87% per IUI cycle was observed in group A and B respectively.Thus it is concluded that the pregnancy rates were significantly higher in letrozole group (30%) in comparison to clomiphene citrate group (6.66%).Conclusions: Aromatase inhibitor letrozole appears to constitute a good alternative to clomiphene citrate in patients with unexplained infertility undergoing gonadotropin-stimulated COS cycles combined with IUI therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Bunpei Ishizuka ◽  
Masataka Furuya ◽  
Machiko Kimura ◽  
Eri Kamioka ◽  
Kazuhiro Kawamura

We analyzed data from 466 patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) who wished to have a biological child and were followed up while undergoing hormone replacement (HR) therapy with or without ovarian stimulation (OS) between April 2014 and December 2020. OS was conducted in 6891 cycles in 429 patients (Group OS), whereas only HR (Group HR) was conducted in 1117 cycles in 37 patients. The follicle growth rate was 48.3% (207/429) per patient in Group OS and 5.4% (2/37) in Group HR (p&lt;0.01). There were 51 live births (LBs) in 50 patients during follow-up. In Group OS, the LB rate was 5.8% (47/807) in cycles where in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer were attempted (Group IVF), and 1.3% (3/236) in cycles where intrauterine insemination/timed intercourse was attempted (p&lt;0.01). No pregnancies occurred in Group HR. Among the patients in Group IVF, the LB rate was significantly higher in patients aged &lt;35 years at the initiation of follow-up than in patients who started at later ages (p&lt;0.01). Among the cases who achieved an LB, 39 were patients with idiopathic POI (Group IVF-1, n=297) and seven were patients who had undergone surgical treatment for benign ovarian tumors (Group IVF-2, n=50); however, no LBs occurred in patients who had undergone treatment for malignancy (n=17), and only one in patients with chromosomal abnormalities (n=22). The LB rate per case in the patients in Group IVF-1 and those aged &lt;35 years at the start of follow-up (Group IVF-1-a) was 24.1% (26/108), which was higher than those of the other age groups. The LB rate per case in the patients in Group IVF-1-a with &lt;4 years of amenorrhea was 37.3% (19/51), and that in the patients in Group IVF-2 with &lt;4 years of amenorrhea was 21.2% (7/33). These results suggest that infertility treatment is possible in some patients with POI, especially those that can be classified in Group IVF-1-a and Group IVF-2 with &lt;4 years of amenorrhea. Therefore, OS combined with HR therapy should be considered for such patients before attempts at oocyte donation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (4) ◽  
pp. 22-26
M. N. Korshunov ◽  
M. V. Sonina ◽  
Z. A. Kadyrov ◽  
E. S. Korshunova ◽  
R. V. Salyukov

Currently, traumatic spinal cord injury disease is a common problem in men of sexual and reproductive active age. The result may be disturbance of erectile and ejaculatory functions, which often leads to inability of natural conception. Vibrostimulation, electrical stimulation or surgical sperm extraction, intrauterine insemination procedures and assisted reproductive technologies are the standard procedures in the treatment of fertility disorders in men with spinal cord injury and dysejaculation. The effectiveness of the techniques directly depends on the quality of sperm and the female reproductive health. Currently, the potential mechanisms of the disorders of spermatogenesis in patients with spinal cord injury are not clearly learned. The literature review of sexual dysfunction and pathogenetic aspects of pathospermia in men with spinal cord injury is provided.

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