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Batteries ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Author(s):  
Gints Kucinskis ◽  
Beate Kruze ◽  
Prasad Korde ◽  
Anatolijs Sarakovskis ◽  
Arturs Viksna ◽  
...  

Both the binder and solid–electrolyte interface play an important role in improving the cycling stability of electrodes for Na-ion batteries. In this study, a novel tetrabutylammonium (TBA) alginate binder is used to prepare a Na0.67MnO2 electrode for sodium-ion batteries with improved electrochemical performance. The ageing of the electrodes is characterized. TBA alginate-based electrodes are compared to polyvinylidene fluoride- (PVDF) and Na alginate-based electrodes and show favorable electrochemical performance, with gravimetric capacity values of up to 164 mAh/g, which is 6% higher than measured for the electrode prepared with PVDF binder. TBA alginate-based electrodes also display good rate capability and improved cyclability. The solid–electrolyte interface of TBA alginate-based electrodes is similar to that of PVDF-based electrodes. As the only salt of alginic acid soluble in non-aqueous solvents, TBA alginate emerges as a good alternative to PVDF binder in battery applications where the water-based processing of electrode slurries is not feasible, such as the demonstrated case with Na0.67MnO2.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 90
Author(s):  
Marjan Majdinasab ◽  
Mihaela Badea ◽  
Jean Louis Marty

The lateral flow assay (LFA) is an extensively used paper-based platform for the rapid and on-site detection of different analytes. The method is user-friendly with no need for sophisticated operation and only includes adding sample. Generally, antibodies are employed as the biorecognition elements in the LFA. However, antibodies possess several disadvantages including poor stability, high batch-to-batch variation, long development time, high price and need for ethical approval and cold chain. Because of these limitations, aptamers screened by an in vitro process can be a good alternative to antibodies as biorecognition molecules in the LFA. In recent years, aptamer-based LFAs have been investigated for the detection of different analytes in point-of-care diagnostics. In this review, we summarize the applications of aptamer technology in LFAs in clinical diagnostic rapid tests for the detection of biomarkers, microbial analytes, hormones and antibiotics. Performance, advantages and drawbacks of the developed assays are also discussed.


Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 185
Author(s):  
Przemysław Baraniecki ◽  
Francesco Latterini ◽  
Walter Stefanoni ◽  
Jakub Frankowski ◽  
Katarzyna Wielgusz ◽  
...  

After many decades when its cultivation was prohibited, hemp is regaining its position as one of the most versatile cultivated crops. Multiplication of monoecious hemp varieties requires manual male plants rouging to keep a high share of monoecious plants in the population. It forces relatively small multiplication fields usually oscillating around 5 ha, where the use of big harvesting machines is not economically feasible. The B-800 mower prototype for hemp panicles proved to be a good alternative to harvest seeds of tall fibrous hemp. The test results of the mower analyzed in this study show that although seed loss on a moderate slope (0.37%) was significantly higher than on a flat slope (0.13%), it was still much lower than in the case of harvesting hemp seed with a combined harvester. Moreover, the field efficiency of 93% is very satisfactory as it is reported for much bigger machines. Finally, the harvesting costs proved to be much lower than most of the machines used for harvesting hemp seed.


2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 767
Author(s):  
Stephenson B. Owusu ◽  
Sophie Dupré-Crochet ◽  
Tania Bizouarn ◽  
Chantal Houée-Levin ◽  
Laura Baciou

Neutrophils play a very key role in the human immune defense against pathogenic infections. The predominant players in this role during the activation of neutrophils are the release of cytotoxic agents stored in the granules and secretory vesicles and the massive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) initiated by the enzyme NADPH oxidase. In addition, in living organisms, cells are continuously exposed to endogenous (inflammations, elevated neutrophil presence in the vicinity) and exogenous ROS at low and moderate levels (travels by plane, radiotherapy, space irradiation, blood banking, etc.). To study these effects, we used ROS induced by gamma radiation from low (0.2 Gy) to high (25 Gy) dose levels on PLB-985 cells from a myeloid cell line differentiated to neutrophil-like cells that are considered a good alternative to neutrophils. We determined a much longer lifetime of PLB-985 cells than that of neutrophils, which, as expected, decreased by increasing the irradiation dose. In the absence of any secondary stimulus, a very low production of ROS is detected with no significant difference between irradiated and non-irradiated cells. However, in phagocytosing cells, irradiation doses above 2 Gy enhanced oxidative burst in PLB-985 cells. Whatever the irradiation dose, NADPH oxidase devoid of its cytosolic regulatory units is observed at the plasma membrane in irradiated PLB-985 cells. This result is different from that observed for irradiated neutrophils in which irradiation also induced a translocation of regulatory subunits suggesting that the signal transduction mechanism or pathway operate differently in both cells.


Author(s):  
Bhawan Nangarwal ◽  
Jaskaran Singh Gosal ◽  
Kuntal Kanti Das ◽  
Deepak Khatri ◽  
Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora ◽  
...  

Background: Endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) and keyhole transcranial approaches are being increasingly used in anterior skull base meningioma (ASBM) surgery. Objective: We compare tumor resection rates and complication profiles of EEA and supraorbital key hole approach (SOKHA) against conventional transcranial approaches (TCA). Methods: Fifty-four patients with ASBM [olfactory groove (OGM), n=19 and planum sphenoidale/tuberculum sellae (PS/TSM), n=35) operated at a single centre over 7 years were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The overall rate of GTR was higher in OGM (15/19, 78.9%) than PS-TSM group (23/35, 65.7%, p=0.37). GTR rate with OGM was 90% and 75% with TCA and EEA. Death (n=1) following medical complication (TCA) and CSF leak requiring re-exploration (n=2, one each in TCA and EEA) accounted for the major complications in OGM. For the PS/TSM group, the GTR rates were 73.3% (n=11/15), 53.8% (n=7/13) and 71.4% (n=5/7) with TCA, EEA and SOKHA respectively. Seven patients (20%) of PS-TSM developed major postoperative complications including 4 deaths (one each in TCA, SOKHA and 2 in EEA group) and 3 visual deteriorations. Direct and indirect vascular complications were common in lesser invasive approaches to PS-TSM especially if the tumor has encased intracranial arteries. Conclusions: No single approach is applicable to all ASBMs. TCA is still the best approach to obtain GTR but has tissue trauma related problems. SOKHA may be a good alternative to TCA in selected PS-TSMs while EEA may be an alternate option in some OGMs. A meticulous patient selection is needed to derive reported results of EEA for PS-TSM.


Author(s):  
Sandra Friedrich ◽  
Thoralf Gerstmann ◽  
Carolin Binotsch ◽  
Birgit Awiszus

AbstractThe striving for energy savings by lightweight construction requires the combination of different materials with advantageous properties. For joining sheet metal components, clinching offers a good alternative to thermal joining processes. In contrast to thermal joining processes, the microstructure in the joining zone remains largely unaffected. Conventional clinch joints, however, have a protrusion on the underside of the joint, which restricts their use in functional and visible surfaces. Flat-clinching minimizes this disadvantage by using a flat anvil instead of a die. Due to the flatness on the underside, it can be used in visible and functional surfaces. This paper deals with the increase of joint strength by using an auxiliary joining element (AJE) in the second forming stage. To achieve optimum improvement in the joint strength of an aluminum Al99.5 H14 sheet metal joint and to save costs, the AJE was varied numerically in terms of volume, material and basic shape. The geometric parameters (e.g., interlocking f and neck thickness tn) do not allow direct derivation of the joint strength. For this reason, the 2D clinch model was extended for the first time to include 3D load models (cross tension, shear tension). To validate the numerical results, optimized flat-clinch joints with AJE and the associated load tests were implemented experimentally. The numerical models were used to improve the process development.


Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 220
Author(s):  
Dorota Skowrońska ◽  
Katarzyna Wilpiszewska

In this review, the application of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as starch solvents, plasticizers and for other treatment has been described. Starch, as one of the most abundant biopolymers, is considered for forming new biodegradable materials. This new approach, referring to applying deep eutectic solvents for dissolving starch, its plasticization and other modifications, was presented. A DES could be a good alternative for common starch plasticizers (e.g., glycerol, urea) as well as recently considered ionic liquids. The high variety of DES component combinations makes it possible to obtain materials with the properties specific for given applications.


Author(s):  
Vinícius Lopes Borela ◽  
Ernandes Rodrigues de Alencar ◽  
Marcio Antônio Mendonça ◽  
Heesup Han ◽  
António Raposo ◽  
...  

Meat is a source of protein widely consumed by the population in many countries due mainly to the nutritional aspects, sensory characteristics, and cultural aspects. The meat cooking preparation can promote significant changes in the meat’s chemical composition and physical characteristics. Such transformations can impact both the acceptance of the product and consumers’ health. Due to the different thermal processes altering the physical-chemical characteristics of meat, the present study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics of fillet steak submitted to different cooking methods: pan-frying with and without oil and air fryer. We performed the analysis to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics considering moisture, lipid, protein, ash, sodium, and potassium content, cooking loss index and colorimetry in three degrees of doneness of the meat, rare, medium, and well done. The fillet steak prepared by pan-frying with oil lost higher moisture and weight than the other samples. The air fryer method presented the highest moisture content. There was a significant difference in lipid content in which the pan-frying with oil fillet steak showed the highest amount of lipids. The pan-frying with oil steak fillet also presented more changes in the colorimetric parameters evaluated compared to the other samples. The pan-frying with oil cooking method promoted more pronounced changes in the steak fillet, and the cooking air fryer, the changes in meat quality are less pronounced. Therefore, the air fryer can be considered a good alternative for cooking meat.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jeong Mo Han ◽  
Dong Min Cha ◽  
Hee Chan Ku ◽  
Dong Kwon Lim ◽  
Eun Koo Lee ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose: To compare clinical outcomes between a 4-point scleral fixation of intraocular lenses (IOLs) using Gore-Tex suture or a 2-point scleral fixation using Prolene sutureMethods: In this multicenter, retrospective cohort study, patients were enrolled who had undergone a pars plana vitrectomy and either a 4-point scleral fixation using Gore-Tex suture or a 2-point scleral fixation using Prolene suture. Preoperative biometrics, postoperative refractive outcomes, and postoperative surgical complication rates were evaluated.Results: Thirty-seven eyes underwent scleral fixation with Gore-Tex suture, while 44 eyes underwent scleral fixation with Prolene suture. Postoperative best corrected visual acuity was 0.20 (± 0.34) in the Gore-Tex group and 0.21 (± 0.28) in the Prolene group (logMAR, 20/32 on the Snellen scale) (p = 0.691). No significant difference was found in the average prediction error between the Gore-Tex (-0.13 ± 0.68 D) and Prolene (-0.21 ± 1.27 D) groups (p = 0.077). The postoperative complication rate was lower in the Gore-Tex group (17%) than in the Prolene group (41%) (p = 0.023).Conclusion: A 4-point scleral fixation using Gore-Tex suture may be a good alternative to a conventional scleral fixation using Prolene suture for IOL implantations in eyes without capsular support, with a lower risk of postoperative complications.


SinkrOn ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 76-82
Author(s):  
Fachru Dahri ◽  
Andi Marwan El Hanafi ◽  
Divi Handoko ◽  
Nur Wulan

Building a learning system using the Learning Management System is already too much but there are many problems that make people think about using it because it is difficult to maintain the system, so to build a system takes a lot of time because the basis for developing the system is monolith-based and difficult to develop if the system development team grows or change. Learning Management System needs to be implemented for easy access to learning because online learning is very important to be a good alternative. From these problems led to the idea to create a Learning Management System in which it can solve services and communicate between services to facilitate efficient development. This study aims to apply the Web Service Implementation Methodology used in building a Learning Management System for an E-Course that facilitates online learning by implementing web services. To perform inter-service solving the methodology used in making this application is the web service method which is implemented on the microservices architecture. Programming languages for differentiating services are PHP and JavaScript. For the user interface, ReactJS is used as the API data manager for each service and the database uses MySQL. This application will later be used as a medium to facilitate online learning, there are members (users) as student actors and admins to manage mentor and course data that will be displayed.


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