ovarian insufficiency
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2022 ◽  
Yiwen Qi ◽  
Yue-meng Zhu ◽  
Bin Li

Abstract IntroductionCyclophosphamide (CTX), is reported to be extensively used to establish POI animal model. But the most effective dose has not been systematically concluded yet. This systematic review and network meta-analysis is aimed to compare and rank the different doses of cyclophosphamide in the CTX-induced POI rat model.MethodsRandomized controlled trials of CTX-induced rat POI model were searched in four databases from inception to December, 2021. A network meta-analysis was conducted to analyze the data of included publications. The quality assessment was assessed by SYRCLE’s risk of bias tool. Data were analyzed with STATA 15.0 and Review Manager 5.3.Result205 records were searched and a total of 14 articles met inclusion criteria, Compared by Ovarian morphological changes, estrous cycle and hormone level (FSH, E2, AMH), the loading dose of 200mg/kg CTX with the maintenance dose of 8mg/kg CTX for consecutive 14 days showed the best efficacy in inducing rat POI model.

2022 ◽  
Xiao Chen ◽  
Keda Yu ◽  
Hong Liu ◽  
Chen Chen ◽  
Yuanyuan Yu ◽  

Abstract BackgroundWith the influence of factors such as ovarian surgery, high-dose radiotherapy and chemotherapy, environmental degradation, and bad living habits, the occurrence of premature ovarian insufficiency(POI) is getting younger and younger, and many young women's ovaries have entered the aging stage earlier. While many studies have investigated the patients with POI, which is still a challenge in reproductive medicine as the treatments available now are not ideal. POI patients have varying amounts of residual dormant follicles in the ovaries. Therefore, it is critical to further our understanding of primordial follicle activation in order to treat.This study aimed to investigate the activation of residual follicles in POI patients with injection of HCG, whether they could obtain embryos and become pregnant.Methods Four patients with POI were pretreated with dehydroepiandrosterone, Coenzyme Q10, estrogen and medroxyprogesterone. The prescribed amounts of estrogen and medroxyprogesterone were adjusted to maintain the level of FSH at ˂15 mIU/ml and the level of LH˂10 mIU/ml. When the treatments failed to induce the appearance of follicles after 3 months, the patients received treatment with 10000 IU of HCG. Results The residual dormant follicles in POI patients can be activated using our approach to obtain embryos and conceive by injection of HCG. ConclusionsPOI patients may conceive their own genetic children by activating dormant follicles in vivo. These findings may represent a new simple and feasible solution for the treatment of patients with POI to conceive their own genetic children.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Hui Li ◽  
Jin Li ◽  
Xiaohong Li ◽  
Hong Yi ◽  
Qixiu Ren ◽  

Introduction: Iatrogenic factor is one of the recognized causes for premature ovarian insufficiency. The aim of this case report was to present a rare case with premature ovarian insufficiency and 46, XY karyotype after bone marrow transplant (BMT) for thalassaemia major at childhood. We also reviewed some relevant literature in this report.Case Presentation: A 17-year-old girl was presented with primary amenorrhea and premature ovarian insufficiency after receiving chemotherapy and BMT from her brother due to thalassaemia major at childhood. She had poor secondary sex characteristics, assessed as stage I for the development of breasts and external genitalia based on the Tanner scale. Transabdominal ultrasound showed small uterus with visible endometrial lining and small ovaries. Laboratory data showed hypergonadotropic hypogonadism profile with low level of estrogen and high level of follicular-stimulating hormone (FSH). Patient's peripheral lymphocytes karyotype was 46, XY.Conclusions: This case was diagnosed as a chemotherapy induced premature ovarian insufficiency. Patient's peripheral lymphocytes karyotype (46, XY) after she received BMT from a male donor was a misleading finding, and the case could be easily misdiagnosed as Swyer syndrome. A correct diagnosis in such cases should depend not only on the recent clinical findings, but also on the detailed medical history. To prevent premature ovarian insufficiency in similar cases, fertility preservation should be offered to girls before they receive chemotherapy, total body irradiation and BMT.

2022 ◽  
Ling Wu ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
Yao Wang ◽  
Xiao Ke Wu ◽  

Review question / Objective: Early identification of women potentially who develop POI and POF is essential for early screening and treatment to improve clinical outcomes. We aim to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis update, subgroup, ranking and network analysis for all available genetic polymorphism and associated with the POI and POF risk. Information sources: Six electronic databases will be included such as PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, MEDLINE, WANFANG DATA, CNKI. Will contact with authors by emails when necessary.

Menopause ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Nikolaos M. Marinakis ◽  
Eirini Tsoutsou ◽  
Christalena Sofocleous ◽  
Danai Veltra ◽  
Petros Papaefthimiou ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Mohammad Reza Mirinezhad ◽  
Hamideh Ghazizadeh ◽  
Maliheh Aghsizadeh ◽  
Mohammad Zamiri Bidary ◽  
Alireza Naghipour ◽  

Abstract Background and aim Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is defined by the occurrence of menopause before the age of 40 years. It is often associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between POI-associated genotypes cardiometabolic disorder risk factors. Methods One hundred seventeen women with POI and one hundred eighty-three healthy women without POI were recruited in this study. DNA was extracted and analyzed using ASO-PCR or Tetra ARMS-PCR. Lipid profiles were also assessed. Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that individuals with GG vs. TT genotype of the rs1046089 SNP were more likely to have a higher serum LDL (p = 0.03) compared to the control group. There was also a significant association between low serum HDL and rs2303369 and rs4806660 SNP genotypes in the POI group. In the POI group, the percentage of those with high total cholesterol was lower in those with a CC genotype compared to those with a TT genotype (p = 0.03). Conclusion Some SNPs reported to be associated with POI appear to be independently associated with dyslipidemia. These results may be helpful to identify subjects with POI who may be susceptible to CVD.

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