elemental profile
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Rito Chophi ◽  
Spriha Sharma ◽  
Rajinder Singh

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Qian Sun ◽  
Zhenghui Zhang ◽  
Xiaonan Wang ◽  
Qingyu Zhang ◽  
Zhenguang Liu

Abstract Laser oscillating welding was employed to fabricate Al-Si coated press-hardened steel (PHS) to improve the element homogeneity in the fusion zone. Three oscillation amplitudes that are 0 mm, 0.5 mm and 1.3 mm were studied in this present. Ni foil of 0.06 mm thickness was used as an interlayer between two tailored PHS welded. Welds defects was absent for any oscillation amplitudes, and weld width increased with increasing oscillation amplitudes. Compared to linear laser welding, Ni and Al had an uneven elemental profile due to strong stirring force, full martensite was achieved in fusion zone. However, δ-ferrite was present with oscillation amplitudes increased to 1.3 mm, since Ni content had a sharp descent compared to Al. Tensile srtength of welded joints was not influnced by altering oscillation amplitudes.


Separations ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (8) ◽  
pp. 119
Author(s):  
Konstantina Pasvanka ◽  
Marios Kostakis ◽  
Maria Tarapoulouzi ◽  
Pavlos Nisianakis ◽  
Nikolaos S. Thomaidis ◽  
...  

Major, minor and trace elements in wines from Greece were determined by inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (ICP–MS). The concentrations of 44 elements (Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Cu, Co, Cr, Zn, Sn, Fe, Mn, Li, Be, B, V, Sr, Ba, Al, Ag, Ni, As, Sn, Hg, Pb, Sb, Cd, Ti, Ga, Zr, Nb, Pd, Te, La, Sm, Ho, Tm, Yb, W, Os, Au, Tl, Th, U) in 90 white and red wines from six different regions in Greece for two consecutive vinification years, 2017 and 2018, were determined. Results for the elements aforementioned were evaluated by multivariate statistical methods, such as discriminant analysis and cluster analysis, and the wines were discriminated according to wine variety and geographical origin. Due to the specific choice of the analytes for multivariate statistical investigation, a prediction rate by cross-validation of 98% could be achieved. The aim of this study was not only to reveal specific relationships between the wine samples or between the chemical variables in order to classify the wines from different regions and varieties according to their elemental profile (wine authentication), but also to observe the annual fluctuation in the mineral content of the studied wine samples.


2021 ◽  
pp. 117871
Author(s):  
Maria Cristina Sorrentino ◽  
Karen Wuyts ◽  
Steven Joosen ◽  
Valentine K. Mubiana ◽  
Simonetta Giordano ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

Author(s):  
Matheus Baseggio ◽  
Matthew Murray ◽  
Di Wu ◽  
Gregory Ziegler ◽  
Nicholas Kaczmar ◽  
...  

Abstract Despite being one of the most consumed vegetables in the United States, the elemental profile of sweet corn (Zea mays L.) is limited in its dietary contributions. To address this through genetic improvement, a genome-wide association study was conducted for the concentrations of 15 elements in fresh kernels of a sweet corn association panel. In concordance with mapping results from mature maize kernels, we detected a probable pleiotropic association of zinc and iron concentrations with nicotianamine synthase5 (nas5), which purportedly encodes an enzyme involved in synthesis of the metal chelator nicotianamine. Additionally, a pervasive association signal was identified for cadmium concentration within a recombination suppressed region on chromosome 2. The likely causal gene underlying this signal was heavy metal ATPase3 (hma3), whose counterpart in rice, OsHMA3, mediates vacuolar sequestration of cadmium and zinc in roots, whereby regulating zinc homeostasis and cadmium accumulation in grains. In our association panel, hma3 associated with cadmium but not zinc accumulation in fresh kernels. This finding implies that selection for low cadmium will not affect zinc levels in fresh kernels. Although less resolved association signals were detected for boron, nickel, and calcium, all 15 elements were shown to have moderate predictive abilities via whole-genome prediction. Collectively, these results help enhance our genomics-assisted breeding efforts centered on improving the elemental profile of fresh sweet corn kernels.


2021 ◽  
Vol 64 (1) ◽  
pp. 38-42
Author(s):  
Abdul Ghani ◽  
Muhammad Ikram ◽  
Mujahid Hussain ◽  
Muhammad Imran ◽  
Muhammad Nadeem ◽  
...  

Citrus is one of the most commonly used as a fruit in Pakistan. To estimate their elemental profile citrus were collected from five different tehsils of Sargodha district. Elemental analysis was carried out by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. There results showed that citrus fruits have riched source of minerals and have highest concentrations of Cu (2.71 mg/Kg), Mn (0.1633 mg/Kg) and Zn (31.72 mg/Kg) noted in T1 (Silanwali), while the maximum concentrations of Mg (65.247 mg/Kg), Cr (0.343 mg/Kg),  P (1.146 mg/Kg), Co (0.536 mg/Kg), K (133.01 mg/Kg) were found in T2 (Sahiwal), T4 (Kotmomin) and T5 (Bhehra), respectively. Fluctuation in elemental profile of Citrus reticulata may be attributed to spatial variations or may be due to agro-climatic conditions that varies in all tehsils.  


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Matheus Baseggio ◽  
Matthew Murray ◽  
Di Wu ◽  
Gregory Ziegler ◽  
Nicholas Kaczmar ◽  
...  

AbstractDespite being one of the most consumed vegetables in the United States, the elemental profile of sweet corn (Zea mays L.) is limited in its dietary contributions. To address this through genetic improvement, a genome-wide association study was conducted for the concentrations of 15 elements in fresh kernels of a sweet corn association panel. In concordance with mapping results from mature maize kernels, we detected a probable pleiotropic association of zinc and iron concentrations with nicotianamine synthase5 (nas5), which purportedly encodes an enzyme involved in synthesis of the metal chelator nicotianamine. Additionally, a pervasive association signal was identified for cadmium concentration within a recombination suppressed region on chromosome 2. The likely causal gene underlying this signal was heavy metal ATPase 3 (hma3), whose counterpart in rice, OsHMA3, mediates vacuolar sequestration of cadmium and zinc in roots, whereby regulating zinc homeostasis and cadmium accumulation in grains. Consistent with transgenic studies in rice, we detected an association of hma3 with cadmium but not zinc accumulation in fresh kernels. This finding implies that selection for low cadmium will not affect zinc levels in fresh kernels. Although less resolved association signals were detected for boron, nickel, and calcium, all 15 elements were shown to have moderate predictive abilities via whole- genome prediction. Collectively, these results help improve our genomics-assisted breeding efforts centered on improving the elemental profile of fresh sweet corn kernels.


Antioxidants ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 80
Author(s):  
Evangelos Zoidis ◽  
Athanasios C. Pappas ◽  
Michael Goliomytis ◽  
Panagiotis E. Simitzis ◽  
Kyriaki Sotirakoglou ◽  
...  

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the natural flavonoid quercetin dietary supplementation on the alteration of egg metallome by applying the basic principles of elemental metabolomics. One hundred and ninety-two laying hens were allocated into 4 treatment groups: the control (C) group that was fed with a commercial basal diet and the other experimental groups that were offered the same diet further supplemented with quercetin at 200, 400 and 800 mg per kg of feed (Q2, Q4 and Q8 group, respectively) for 28 days. The diets contained the same vitamin and mineral premix, thus all birds received the same amount of elements since no differences on feed intake existed. The egg elemental profile consisted of As, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sr, V, Zn and was determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Quercetin supplementation altered the elemental profile. Most notably, quercetin altered the element concentrations predominantly in egg shell and albumen. It increased the concentration of Sb while reduced that of Cr and Se in both egg shell and albumen. Moreover, it increased As, Cd in albumen and V in yolk, while compared to the control, reduced As, Cd, Cr, Cu and V and also raised Ca, Fe, Mg and Ni in egg shell. The presence of quercetin led to differentiation of the deposition of certain trace minerals in egg compartments compared to that of hens fed a basal diet, possibly indicating that tailor made eggs for specific nutritional and health requirements could be created in the future.


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