health management
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 343-364
Elsie Gotora

Breast cancer, the most prevailing and only cancer considered universal among women worldwide. The rate of breast cancer per 100,000 women is higher in high income countries than in low income countries. However, mortality rates are high in low income countries due to the delay in seeking health care. A systematic literature review was carried out to document the health system implemented in Zimbabwe and its challenges that could be contributing to the delay in seeking health care of breast cancer among women in Zimbabwe. A content analysis was used to analyze articles, searching was done using the Boolean search strategy, articles from 2005 to 2021, which met the inclusion criteria were considered. Factors such as centralized services due to shortage of cancer specialists, lack of financial allocations on breast cancer health programs, shortage of screening and surgical equipment, lack of accurate data due to weak registration system and health management information system as well as poor governance and leadership have also been found to be challenges in the health system of Zimbabwe that may contribute to delay in seeking health care of breast cancer among women in Zimbabwe. Keywords: breast cancer, health system, health care, Zimbabwe

Samual Amponsah ◽  
Micheal M. van Wyk ◽  
Michael Kojo Kolugu

This phenomenological exploratory multiple-case study design was conducted at an open distance e-learning university and a traditional contact residential university and it was found that the participants viewed video conferencing under the COVID-19 lockdown period as an exhausting experience. A second major finding revealed that the participants were empowered with digital literacy skills to use video conferencing effectively. The current findings add to a growing body of literature on video conferencing with a focus on Zoom fatigue. Further research might explore the lived zoom experiences of administrators, students and a larger group of faculties over a longer period. The study findings must be considered when planning and implementing video conferencing for academics and students in open distance e-learning contexts. This study showed that video conferencing is one tool in the emergence of a digital zoom revolution that has radically changed the workspace. The evidence from this study suggests that zoom fatigue is a reality check for work-related health management.

2022 ◽  
Vol 308 ◽  
pp. 118348
Sahar Khaleghi ◽  
Md Sazzad Hosen ◽  
Danial Karimi ◽  
Hamidreza Behi ◽  
S. Hamidreza Beheshti ◽  

Wiebke Schlenger ◽  
Marlies Jöllenbeck ◽  
Tjorven Stamer ◽  
Angelika Grosse ◽  
Elke Ochsmann

Working digitally can lead to changes in work organization and social interactions, as well as work pace and workload. Online counseling is more and more integrated in social counseling. Research exists on employees’ and users’ attitudes towards online counseling as well as on the advantages and disadvantages of online counseling. There is a lack of studies on the stressors and strains caused by the increasing digitalization and the associated health consequences in this context. With an interview study, we investigated the general work situation of counselors, with a focus on stressors, strain, and resources caused by online counseling. Consecutively, we discuss the results in relation to their impact on workplace health management. Twenty-two explorative interviews with counselors from a German welfare organization were conducted in 2019 and 2020. Qualitative content analysis according to Mayring was used for analysis. Counselors’ use of online devices depends on their own digital affinity and is likely to be used when advantages for clients are seen. Difficulties were mentioned in establishing a relationship of trust with the clients. Good teamwork and regular informal exchanges among colleagues contribute to job satisfaction. Overall, we found only few health-related effects. Results of the study suggest that digitization can have positive effects on the job satisfaction of counselors, if the associated changes are supported by organizational measures.

2022 ◽  
Xiaohong Zhang ◽  
Xiaokui He ◽  
Xuehong Zhou ◽  
Hongyan Geng ◽  
Xiangyi Liu

Abstract Background: Annual health examination is recommended for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. However, whether it is effective for the prevention of hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia remains unclear. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical samples using the laboratory information system was performed. From 2012 to 2019, 5043 participants (1755 males and 3288 females) have completed the annual health examination for 8 consecutive years, which was the follow-up group. In the same period, 136,994 participants (the control group) had a health examination only 1 time. Serum levels of fasting triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and glucose (GLU) were measured.Results: Compared with 2019 of the control group, serum TC and GLU in the 8th year of the follow-up group increased markedly in some of age groups (p < 0.001). Serum TG and TC in the 8th year were much higher compared with the 1st year of the follow-up group, especially for the female (p < 0.001). Moreover, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia in the 8th year showed significant increase compared with the 1st year of the follow-up group and 2019 of the control group (all p < 0.05).Conclusions: Annual health examination didn’t perform a positive effect in the prevention of hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia. Health management should be paid more attention to prevent cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Zhengyue Jing ◽  
Shiya Zhang ◽  
Nan Zhang ◽  
Mei Sun ◽  
Chengchao Zhou

Purpose: Physical examination is a key component of child health management. Migrant children are a vulnerable group with lower healthcare service utilization, and this study aims to explore the effect of parental social integration on the physical examination service utilization for young migrant children under 6 years old in China.Method: This study conducted a secondary data analysis of the 2014 National Internal Migrant Dynamic Monitoring Survey in China. A total of 2,620 participants were included in this study. A total of 22 indicators were selected to measure social integration. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the association between parental social integration and physical examination use of young migrant children.Results: More than half (66.4%) of the migrant children aged 0–6 years had used free physical examination. Parental social integration, especially structural integration, was associated with the physical examination utilization of migrant children. Specifically, those migrant children's parents who had medical insurance (P &lt; 0.05; OR = 1.29), who had participated in local activities (P &lt; 0.001; OR = 1.98), who had registered local residents as neighbors (P &lt; 0.05; OR = 1.34), and who had a deep sense of self-identity (P &lt; 0.05; OR = 1.09) were more likely to take children to use physical examination.Conclusions: This study provided evidence that parental social integration was associated with migrant children's physical examination utilization, and this association was multifaceted, lying in the dimensions of economic, structural, and psychological integration. Improving the social integration of migrant parents would be effective to enhance the migrant children's healthcare service utilization.

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