management approach
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 107674
Mahmoud Roustaei ◽  
Armin Letafat ◽  
Morteza Sheikh ◽  
Alireza chabok ◽  
Ramin Sadoughi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
Alexander T. Rozanski ◽  
Matthew J. Moynihan ◽  
Lawrence T. Zhang ◽  
Alexandra C. Muise ◽  
Daniel D. Holst ◽  

Objectives To assess the outcomes of a conservative management approach to radiation-induced urethral stricture disease (R-USD) in an elderly population with comorbidities. Methods Patients with R-USD managed with endoscopic procedures and/or clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) between 2007 and 2019 were included. Patients were excluded if they had an obliterative stricture, prior urethral reconstruction/urinary diversion surgery, or < 3 months follow-up. Primary outcome measures were urinary tract infection (UTI), acute urinary retention (AUR), serum creatinine, uroflowmetry/post-void residual, and urinary incontinence (UI). Failure was defined as progression to reconstructive surgery or permanent indwelling catheterization. Results Ninety-one men were analyzed with a median follow-up of 15.0 months (IQR 8.9 to 37.9). Median age was 75.4 years (IQR 70.0 to 80.0), body mass index was 26.5 kg/m2 (IQR 24.8 to 30.3), and Charlson comorbidity index was 6 (IQR 5 to 8). Median stricture length was 2.0 cm (IQR 2.0 to 3.0). Stricture location was bulbar (12%), bulbomembranous (75%), and prostatic (13%). A total of 90% underwent dilation, and 44% underwent direct visual internal urethrotomy (DVIU). For those that underwent these procedures, median number of dilations and DVIUs per patient was 2 (IQR 1 to 5) and 1 (IQR 1 to 3), respectively. Forty percent used CIC. Thirty-four percent developed a UTI, and 15% had an AUR episode requiring urgent treatment. Creatinine values, uroflowmetry measurements, and UI rates remained stable. Eighty percent avoided reconstructive surgery or indwelling catheterization. Conclusion Most elderly patients with comorbidities with R-USD appear to be effectively managed in the short-term with conservative strategies. Close observation is warranted because of the risk of UTIs and AUR. The potential long-term consequences of repetitive conservative interventions must be considered.

Sheema Sabahath ◽  
Abdullah Haitham Bogis ◽  
Taif Shabib Al Mutairi ◽  
Hasan Yousef Alshahabi ◽  
Hussain Ahmed Al Sayhab ◽  

A cystocele is usually found to protrude the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall. Various causes have been reported in the literature for the pathogenesis and development of cystocele. These can cumulatively lead to a remarkable weakness in the muscular and connective tissue layers related to the urinary bladder and anterior vaginal wall. The present study discusses the etiology, staging, and management of patients with cystocele. Evidence indicates that a defect within the pelvic-floor supporting system can significantly lead to the development of cystocele. Parity, increasing age, and obesity are the main associated risk factors for developing these events. Staging is important to decide the most suitable treatment plan, which might be conservative or surgical. Some patients do not require any management approach, being asymptomatic, and refuse the current treatment modalities. Surgery has been associated with enhanced outcomes and can be conducted via two different approaches, including anterior colporrhaphy and sacral colpopexy. 

2022 ◽  
Vol 81 (1) ◽  
Roland Hӧllhumer

Background: Peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) is a severe inflammatory disease of the peripheral cornea that can be caused by local factors or systemic inflammatory disease.Aim: The purpose of this review is to give an overview of the pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of PUK.Method: A PubMed search was conducted using the keywords, ‘peripheral ulcerative keratitis’ and ‘Mooren’s ulcer’.Results: The peripheral cornea has unique characteristics the predispose to the development of PUK. These include fine capillary arcades that allow for deposition of immune complexes and subsequent activation of an inflammatory cascade with corneal melt. Several conditions have been implicated in the aetiology of PUK. The most commonly cited causes are rheumatoid arthritis (RA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and various dermatoses. In patients with RA, PUK usually presents in established disease, whereas in GPA, PUK may be the presenting feature in up to 60% of cases. In RA it heralds the onset of a systemic vasculitis with significant associated morbidity and mortality. The management of PUK follows an individualised stepwise approach. All patients require supportive measures to encourage healing and halt the process of keratolysis. Systemic autoimmune conditions need a systemic corticosteroid as a fast-acting agent to halt the inflammatory process while cytotoxic therapy maintains long term disease control. Failure to achieve disease control with CTT, necessitates the use of a biologic agent.Conclusion: Peripheral ulcerative keratitis is a severe inflammatory disease of the peripheral cornea that needs a thorough diagnostic workup and stepwise management approach.

Arbarija Hafiz Lbs ◽  
Erlangga Hakim Manurung ◽  
Nurbaiti Nurbaiti

With the large number of fans of Roti Ganda outside the Pematang Siantar area, therefore an E-business implementation system is needed in the company. The use of e-business technology facilitates company performance and improves company quality. The application of this technology can expand the company's market share, especially the cost for advertising which is cheap compared to advertising on the street and mass media. There needs to be socialization and in-depth  learning as well as careful preparation before implementing e-business applications. In the process of designing the application of E-Business at a web- based Double Bakery Shop with a CRM (Customer Relationship Management) approach, an explanation or theory is needed that can support and support success in making the information system and to explain to users how the functions and benefits of implementing E-Business are needed. on a web-based Double Bakery with a CRM approach.

Valérie Julian ◽  
Ferdinand Haschke ◽  
Nicole Fearnbach ◽  
Julian Gomahr ◽  
Thomas Pixner ◽  

Abstract Purpose of Review To present the definitions and recommendations for movement behaviors in children and adolescents, including physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SB), and sleep, and to provide an overview regarding their impact on health and obesity outcomes from childhood to adulthood, as well as interactions with appetite control. Recent Findings PA represents a variable proportion of daily energy expenditure and one can be active with high SB or vice versa. Studies have described movements across the whole day on a continuum from sleep to SB to varying intensities of PA. More PA, less SB (e.g., less screen time) and longer sleep are positively associated with indicators of physical health (e.g., lower BMI, adiposity, cardiometabolic risk) and cognitive development (e.g., motor skills, academic achievement). However, less than 10% of children currently meet recommendations for all three movement behaviors. Movement behaviors, adiposity, and related cardiometabolic diseases in childhood track into adolescence and adulthood. Furthermore, low PA/high SB profiles are associated with increased energy intake. Recent studies investigating energy balance regulation showed that desirable movement behavior profiles are associated with better appetite control and improved eating habits. Summary Early identification of behavioral phenotypes and a comprehensive approach addressing all key behaviors that directly affect energy balance will allow for individual strategies to prevent or treat obesity and its comorbidities. Investigating exercise as a potential “corrector” of impaired appetite control offers a promising weight management approach.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 756
Rocío Rodríguez-Rivero ◽  
Isabel Ortiz-Marcos

When working with international development projects (IDPs), the use of the logical framework approach (LFA) prevails as the most important tool to plan and manage these projects. This paper presents how the methodology has been enriched, including risk management (LFRMA logical framework with risk management approach), proposing an original contribution, tested with professionals that will improve the effectiveness of IDPs by increasing their success rate and their sustainability. The steps followed to design the methodology (problem statement (literature review, interview with experts, questionnaire for professionals. and statistical analysis), case study analysis (eight case studies in Colombia, interviews with IDPs managers, focus groups, questionnaire for participants, qualitative analysis, and fuzzy analysis) and design of LFRMA (focus group with experts)) and the methodology itself (how to introduce risk management during all the life cycle through the methodology steps) are presented. Conclusions answer the research questions: can the effectiveness and sustainability of IDPs be improved? Can risk management help to improve IDPs effectiveness? Would it be useful to introduce risk management into the LFA? The LFRMA methodology consists of two fields of application, the first at the organization level and the second at the project level.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document