creek watershed
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2022 ◽  
Vol 505 ◽  
pp. 119923
William Gerth ◽  
Judith L. Li ◽  
Richard Van Driesche ◽  
Janel Sobota ◽  
Christina A. Murphy ◽  

Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (23) ◽  
pp. 3454
Yanxia Shen ◽  
Chunbo Jiang ◽  
Qi Zhou ◽  
Dejun Zhu ◽  
Di Zhang

Surface flow routing is an important component in hydrologic and hydrodynamic research. Based on a literature review and comparing the different coupling models (the hydrologic model and hydrodynamic model), a multigrid dynamic bidirectional coupled surface flow routing model (M-DBCM), consisting of diffusion wave equations (DWEs) and shallow water equations (SWEs), is proposed herein based on grids with different resolutions. DWEs were applied to obtain runoff routing in coarse grid regions to improve the computational efficiency, while the DWEs and SWEs were bidirectionally coupled to detail the flood dynamics in fine grid regions to obtain good accuracy. In fine grid zones, the DWEs and SWEs were connected by an internal moving boundary, which ensured the conservation of mass and momentum through the internal moving boundary. The DWEs and SWEs were solved by using the time explicit scheme, and different time steps were adopted in regions with different grid sizes. The proposed M-DBCM was validated via three cases, and the results showed that the M-DBCM can effectively simulate the process of surface flow routing, which had reliable computational efficiency while maintaining satisfactory simulation accuracy. The rainfall runoff in the Goodwin Creek Watershed was simulated based on the proposed M-DBCM. The results showed that the discharge hydrographs simulated by the M-DBCM were closer to the measured data, and the simulation results were more realistic and reliable, which will be useful in assisting flood mitigation and management.

Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (21) ◽  
pp. 3064
Kyle H. Clark ◽  
Joshua M. Wisor ◽  
Sara J. Mueller ◽  
Casey Bradshaw-Wilson ◽  
Elizabeth W. Boyer ◽  

Freshwater mussels are an imperiled group of organisms that are vital to aquatic ecosystems. Services performed by freshwater mussels, coupled with their use for biomonitoring, make them an invaluable asset. Neogobius melanostomus (Round Goby), a recently introduced invasive species to the French Creek watershed, was once restricted to the watershed of Lake Erie in Pennsylvania. The Round Goby’s propensity to consume Dreissena polymorpha (Zebra Mussel) and Dreissena bugensis (Quagga Mussel) in their native habitat raises concerns about this recent introduction into Pennsylvania’s Allegheny River watershed. Since the discovery of their introduction within the watershed, we have followed the range expansion and dispersal rate of Round Gobies, which makes this study unique. The objectives of this study were to quantify baseline data on the contemporary diversity and abundance of unionid mussels in the upper French Creek watershed, and to explore potential habitat factors that influence or limit the size of the mussel populations. We gathered baseline data on freshwater mussel diversity and abundances across eight sites in the French Creek watershed and examined substrate particle size and host availability as potential limiting factors of the freshwater mussel distribution. Freshwater mussel surveys were conducted during the summer months (July–September) of 2017 using area-constrained surveys. Results showed a significant relationship between mussel diversity and substrate particle size (p < 0.05). From the data collected, we were able to calculate population estimates for the species found across the sample sites. Our results regarding the locations of native mussel populations and characteristics of their habitat provide the needed insight for establishing priority areas for the conservation of freshwater mussels, facilitating planning for protection, mitigation, and adaptation as the invasive Round Goby continues its spread.

2021 ◽  
Vol 298 ◽  
pp. 113503
Luke Vander Meer ◽  
Katherine DeHeer ◽  
Joseph Mellinger ◽  
Sarah Gibes ◽  
Bradley Paasch ◽  

2021 ◽  
Juha Lemmetyinen ◽  
Juval Cohen ◽  
Anna Kontu ◽  
Juho Vehviläinen ◽  
Henna-Reetta Hannula ◽  

Abstract. The European Space Agency SnowSAR instrument is a side looking, dual polarized (VV/VH), X/Ku band synthetic aperture radar (SAR), operable from a small aircraft. Between 2010 and 2013, the instrument was deployed at several sites in Northern Finland, Austrian Alps, and northern Canada. The purpose of the airborne campaigns was to measure the backscattering properties of snow-covered terrain to support the development of snow water equivalent retrieval techniques using SAR. SnowSAR was deployed in Sodankylä, Northern Finland for a single flight mission in March 2011 and twelve missions at two sites (tundra and boreal forest) in the winter of 2011–2012. Over the Austrian Alps, three flight missions were performed between November 2012 and February 2013 over three sites located in different elevation zones, representing a montane valley, Alpine tundra, and a glacier environment. In Canada, a total of two missions were flown in March and April 2013, over sites in the Trail Valley Creek watershed, Northwest Territories, representative of the tundra snow regime. This paper introduces the airborne SAR data, as well as coincident in situ information on land cover, vegetation and snow properties. To facilitate easy access to the data record the datasets described here are deposited in a permanent data repository (; Lemmetyinen et al., 2021). A temporary link to access the data without login information is provided for reviewers of this manuscript:

2021 ◽  
Pin Shuai ◽  
Xingyuan Chen ◽  
Utkarsh Mital ◽  
Ethan T. Coon ◽  
Dipankar Dwivedi

Abstract. Meteorological forcing plays a critical role in accurately simulating the watershed hydrological cycle. With the advancement of high-performance computing and the development of integrated watershed models, simulating the watershed hydrological cycle at high temporal (hourly to daily) and spatial resolution (10s of meters) has become efficient and computationally affordable. These hyperresolution watershed models require high resolution of meteorological forcing as model input to ensure the fidelity and accuracy of simulated responses. In this study, we utilized the Advanced Terrestrial Simulator (ATS), an integrated watershed model, to simulate surface and subsurface flow and land surface processes using unstructured meshes at the Coal Creek Watershed near Crested Butte (Colorado). We compared simulated watershed hydrologic responses including streamflow, and distributed variables such as evapotranspiration, snow water equivalent (SWE), and groundwater table drivenby three publicly available, gridded meteorological forcing (GMF) – Daily Surface Weather and Climatological Summaries (Daymet), Parameter-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM), and North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS). By comparing various spatial resolutions (ranging from 400 m to 4 km) of PRISM, the simulated streamflow only becomes marginally worse when spatial resolution of meteorological forcing is coarsened to 4 km (or 30 % of the watershed area). However, the 4 km resolution has much worse performance than finer resolution in spatially distributedvariables such as SWE. By comparing models forced by different temporal resolutions of NLDAS (hourly to daily), GMF in sub-daily resolution preserves the dynamic watershed responses (e.g., diurnal fluctuation of streamflow) that are absent in results forced by daily resolution. Conversely, the simulated streamflow shows better performance using daily resolution compared to that using sub-daily resolution. Our findings suggest that the choice of GMF and its spatiotemporal resolution depends on the quantity of interest and its spatial and temporal scale, which may have important implications on model calibration and watershed management decisions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 107 (2) ◽  
pp. 89-98
Leigh Marymor ◽  
Richard Burnham Lanman

Recent museum, archaeological, and observer record evidence suggests that North American beaver (Castor canadensis) were historically native to the watersheds of California’s coast, including San Francisco Bay. A wide variety of animals are abundantly represented in Native American petroglyphs and pictographs with their representations fulfilling intentions ranging from the mundane to ceremonial and mythological purposes. However, beaver symbols are poorly represented in California rock art and absent from the San Francisco Bay Area. A novel record, in the form of Western Message Petroglyphs, suggests that a beaver lodge was present in the late nineteenth century in the Alameda Creek watershed, potentially the last evidence of beaver prior to their extirpation in the region by the fur trade.

2021 ◽  
Daniel D. Hamill ◽  
Jeremy J. Giovando ◽  
Chandler S. Engel ◽  
Travis A. Dahl ◽  
Michael D. Bartles

The ability to simulate snow accumulation and melting processes is fundamental to developing real-time hydrological models in watersheds with a snowmelt-dominated flow regime. A primary source of uncertainty with this model development approach is the subjectivity related to which historical periods to use and how to combine parameters from multiple calibration events. The Hydrologic Engineering Center, Hydrological Modeling System, has recently implemented a hybrid temperature index (TI) snow module that has not been extensively tested. This study evaluates a radiatative temperature index (RTI) model’s performance relative to the traditional air TI model. The TI model for Willow Creek performed reasonably well in both the calibration and validation years. The results of the RTI calibration and validation simulations resulted in additional questions related to how best to parameterize this snow model. An RTI parameter sensitivity analysis indicates that the choice of calibration years will have a substantial impact on the parameters and thus the streamflow results. Based on the analysis completed in this study, further refinement and verification of the RTI model calculations are required before an objective comparison with the TI model can be completed.

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