contaminated soils
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Chemosphere ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 290 ◽  
pp. 133392
Sang Hyun Kim ◽  
Heesoo Woo ◽  
Seongnam An ◽  
Jaeshik Chung ◽  
Seunghak Lee ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 85-91
Pavel Janoš ◽  
Juraj Lesný ◽  
Lucia Závodská ◽  
Silvie Kříženecká ◽  
Lucie Herzogová

In recent time, various kinds of young brown (low-rank) coals are utilized increasingly not only as fuels, but also as valuable materials in advanced environmental applications. It should be noted in this context that significant deposits of the young brown coals can be found both in the Czech Republic as well as in Slovakia. For their effective applications e.g. in wastewater treatment or in soil remediation, the properties of the coals should be studied in more details and numerous physico-chemical characteristics should be measured. As a part of a common Czech-Slovak project, a series of various kinds of coals was collected, including North-Bohemian oxihumolites, lignite from South Moravia and several lignites from Slovakia (Baňa Zahorie). Basic properties were measured, such as acid-base titration curves, contents of main functional groups and sorption capability towards heavy metal cations (Cu2+, Zn2+, Co2+) and some organic pollutants. The contents of humic substances – main active constituents of the young coals – were also determined. Selected environmental applications of the brown coals will be mentioned further, e.g. for the removal of metal cations from waters or in phytoremediation of contaminated soils.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 5-9
Othmar Horak ◽  
Wolfgang Friesl-Hanl

Addition of iron oxides, lime, clay minerals and other substances can be used to decrease the plant availability of toxic heavy metals such as Pb, Zn, and Cd. Extractability and consequently plant concentrations may be reduced in some cases by more than 50%. The assessment of remediation processes is supported by biomonitoring methods in the field with Plantago lanceolata and in the greenhouse by barley test experiments, in combination with extraction by ammonium nitrate.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 33-40
Miroslav Horník ◽  
Martin Pipíška ◽  
Jana Sekáčová ◽  
Jozef Augustín

Heavy metals and radionuclides can enter the food chain via cereals and vegetables grown in contaminated soils. In the case of microelements such as zinc, studies have not focused only to assessing its environmental risk, but also to enhancing its uptake by plants as an important growth-limiting factor. In our study, digitalized autoradiograms of whole plants of celery (Apium graveolens L.), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown in hydroponic nutrient media spiked with 137CsCl, 60CoCl2 and 65ZnCl2 were used for quantitative determination of uptake, long-distance transport and distribution of Cs+, Co2+ and Zn2+ ions in plant tissues. Results from autoradiography and gammaspectrometry of plants showed, that cesium was translocated to aboveground part of the plants with the shoot-to-root ratio 1.0 : 0.6. On the contrary, cobalt and zinc were more immobilized in roots, with the shoot-to-root ratio up to 1.0 : 3.8. The highest concentration of cesium, cobalt and zinc, expressed in specific radioactivity per unit of leaf surface (Bq/cm2) was found in top, rapidly growing leaves, the lowest concentration in the oldest leaves in low position. Detection limits 3, 2 and 14 Bq/cm2 by using X-ray film for 137Cs, 60Co and 65Zn, respectively were obtained. These data correspond to detection limits 10.5 pg Cs+/cm2, 7.2 pg Co2+/cm2 and 785 pg Zn2+/cm2 at specific radioactivity of commercially available 137CsCl, 60CoCl2 and 65ZnCl2. Resolutions 1-2 mm was sufficient for visualization of metal uptake and distribution in roots, stalks, leaves and leaf venation. Obtained data are part of quantitative study of uptake and translocation of both low level-radioactive contamination in plants and microelements applied as fertilizers.

2022 ◽  
Linhan Chen ◽  
Wenjun Yang ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Pengfei Tu ◽  
Shengnan Hu ◽  

Abstract Traditional phytoremediation is one means for remediation of heavy metal pollution. For developing countries, the key factor in promoting the practical application of phytoremediation in polluted soils is selecting suitable plants tolerant to heavy metals and using these to produce products with economic value. A chicory-tobacco-peanut, three-season, rotation field experiment was carried on the utilization and remediation of cadmium (Cd) in contaminated farmlands. The results showed that all three crops had a strong capacity to accumulate Cd, with bioconcentration factors of chicory, tobacco, and peanut 6.61 to 11.97, 3.85 to 21.61, and 1.36 to 7, respectively. The yield of total dry biomass and phytoextraction efficiency for Cd reached 32.4 t ha-1 and 10.3% per year, respectively. The aboveground tissues of the three crops accounted for 83.9–91.2% of the total biomass in this rotation experiment. The content of peanut grain and oil met the National Food Safety Standard of China (0.5 mg kg-1, GB 2762-2017) and the Food Contaminant Limit of the European Union (0.1 mg kg-1, 18812006). Therefore, in addition to being used for phytoremediation in contaminated soils, this crop rotation system can also lead to economic benefits for local farmers.

2022 ◽  
Vol 194 (2) ◽  
Thanyaporn Prommarach ◽  
Suradej Pholsen ◽  
Harikaranahalli Puttaiah Shivaraju ◽  
Pisit Chareonsudjai

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 142
Jiacong Sun ◽  
Yating Luo ◽  
Jien Ye ◽  
Chunhui Li ◽  
Jiyan Shi

Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) waste produced by chrome plating activities pollutes the surrounding environment and harms human health. However, information about the chromium (Cr) pollution characteristics of actual electroplating sites is still lacking. In this study, the concentration, leachability and speciation of Cr in soils from a typical chrome plating site were analyzed. Our results showed that this site was severely contaminated by Cr (7.2 to 7735.2 mg/kg) and Cr(VI) reached the mean concentration of 138.7 mg/kg. The spatial distribution of Cr(VI) was related to the plating processes. Chrome plating and sewage treatment areas could be considered as the hot spots of contaminated sites. The vertical distribution of Cr(VI) was mainly affected by soil properties, where the loam layer retained and reduced a large amount of Cr(VI) due to its high content of iron minerals and finer particle fractions. Additionally, the chemical extraction results showed that Cr was mainly in non-residual fractions and the existence of Cr(VI) led to a high leaching toxicity based on the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) results. Moreover, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results revealed the speciation of Cr in the long-term contaminated soils. A large amount of Cr(VI) was reduced into Cr(III) and mainly existed as Cr(OH)3 and Cr2O3. Furthermore, Cr(VI) tended to precipitate as CaCrO4 and persisted in soils. Therefore, it is necessary to find appropriate strategies to remediate these contaminated soils. Overall, these findings strengthen our understanding of Cr(VI) behaviors and lay a foundation for the future pollution investigation, ecological remediation and risk assessment of sites contaminated by electroplating.

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