mine waste
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Minerals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 100
Ivica Ristović ◽  
Darina Štyriaková ◽  
Iveta Štyriaková ◽  
Jaroslav Šuba ◽  
Emilija Širadović

Flotation wastes are becoming a valuable secondary raw material and source of many metals and semimetals worldwide with the possibilities of industrial recycling. The flotation tailings contain oxide and sulfide minerals that have not been sufficiently stabilized and form acidic mine waters, which in turn contaminate groundwater, rivers, and reservoi6sediments. An effective way to recycle these mine wastes is to recover the metals through leaching. While the focus is on acid bioleaching by iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, alkaline leaching, and the removal of iron-containing surface coatings on sulfide minerals contribute significantly to the overall environmental efficiency of leaching. For this study, static and percolate bioleaching of copper from flotation waste at the Bor copper mine in Serbia was investigated in alkaline and then acidic environments. The aim of the study was to verify the effect of alkaline pH and nutrient stimulation on the bioleaching process and element extraction. A sample was taken from a mine waste site, which was characterized by XRF analyses. The concentration of leached copper was increased when copper oxide minerals dissolved during alkaline bioleaching. The highest copper yield during alkaline bioleaching was achieved after 9 days and reached 67%. The addition of nutrients in acidic medium enhanced the degradation of sulfide minerals and increased Cu recovery to 74%, while Fe and Ag recoveries were not significantly affected. Combined bioleaching with alkaline media and iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in acidic media should be a good reference for ecological Cu recovery from copper oxide and sulfide wastes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 354 ◽  
pp. 00075
Ciprian Trocan ◽  
Marian Mocan ◽  
Lucian-Ionel Cioca ◽  
Larisa Ivascu ◽  
Rebeca Ardelean

Global annual extraction has increased due to market demand. It is anticipated that this aspect will continue in the future. The mining industry is one of the important industries at national level. It also anticipates certain aspects of sustainability that must be seriously evaluated. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate mine waste reuse, pollution, and recycling in mining industries. At the same time, mining operations are evaluated to carry out a review of the implications for sustainability. In order to achieve the research aspects, a qualitative evaluation and a semi-quantitative evaluation of some data series are used. For the entire research approach, the objectives of sustainable development and its principles are used. At the same time, the results emphasize the importance of the existence of an efficient waste and pollution management.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Sharly Coombs ◽  
Darrah K. Sleeth ◽  
Rachael M. Jones

Abstract A scoping review was performed to answer: what environmental health concerns have been associated with adverse health outcomes in the Navajo Nation? The review focused on occupational and ambient environmental exposures associated with human industrial activities. The search strategy was implemented in PubMed, and two investigators screened the retrieved literature. Thirteen studies were included for review. Data were extracted using the matrix method. Six studies described associations between work in uranium mining and cancer. Six studies focused on environmental exposures to uranium mine waste and other metals, with outcomes that included biological markers, kidney disease, diabetes and hypertension, and adverse birth outcomes. One study explored occupational exposure to Sin Nombre Virus and infection. Most research has focused on the health effects of uranium, where occupational exposures occurred among miners and environmental exposures are a legacy of uranium mining and milling. Gaps exist with respect to health outcomes associated with current occupations and the psychosocial impact of environmental hazards. Other environmental exposures and hazards are known to exist on the Navajo Nation, which may warrant epidemiologic research.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 233-240
L. H. Trinh ◽  
V. N. Nguyen

Khanh Hoa coal mine (Thai Nguyen province) is one of the largest coal mines in the north of Vietnam. For many years, this area suffered from underground fires at coal mine waste dumps, seriously affecting production activities and the environment. This paper presents the results of classification of underground fire areas at Khanh Hoa coal mine using Normalized Diference Coal Fire Index (NDCFI). 03 Landsat 8 OLI_TIRS images taken on December 2, 2013, December 10, 2016, and December 3, 2019 were used to calculate NDCFI index, and then classify the underground fire areas by thresholding method. In the study, the land surface temperature was also calculated from Landsat 8 thermal infrared bands data, and then compared with the results of underground coal fire classification at Khanh Hoa coal mine. The obtained results showed that the NDCFI index can be used effectively in detecting and monitoring underground fire areas at coal mines. The use of the NDCFI index also has many advantages due to its calculation simplicity and rapidness compared to other methods for classifying underground coal fire areas.

Mohammad R. H. Gorakhki ◽  
Christopher Bareither ◽  
Joseph Scalia

A commingled waste rock and tailings test pile and a waste rock test pile were evaluated to determine saturated hydraulic conductivity and destructively sampled to measure dry density. The commingled test pile contained a mixture of filtered tailings and waste rock blended to isolate waste rock particles as inclusions within the tailings matrix. Test piles were constructed in the shape of truncated 5-m tall pyramids with 25-m base sides and flat 5-m × 5-m top surfaces, and instrumented to monitor water content (and additional geochemical indicator parameters) within the test pile and seepage from the base of the pile. Piles were decommissioned after 26 months of operation. Saturated hydraulic conductivities were measured using sealed double ring infiltrometers (2.4-m square outer-ring and 1-m square inner-ring). Tensiometers and embedded water content sensors were used to measure progression of the wetting front, and the final location of the wetting front in the commingled test pile was directly measured during decommissioning. Field-measured saturated hydraulic conductivities were compared to laboratory-measured results intended to simulate the test piles. Despite having a lower average density, the commingled waste rock and tailings had a hydraulic conductivity approximately 2.5-times lower than the waste rock.

Wei San Wong ◽  
Tim K. Morald ◽  
Andrew S. Whiteley ◽  
Paul G. Nevill ◽  
Robert D. Trengove ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 299 ◽  
pp. 113553
Glen T. Nwaila ◽  
Yousef Ghorbani ◽  
Steven E. Zhang ◽  
Leon C.K. Tolmay ◽  
Derek H. Rose ◽  

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