fractional integration
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2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110593
Mohammad Hossein Heydari ◽  
Mohsen Razzaghi ◽  
Zakieh Avazzadeh

In this study, the orthonormal piecewise Bernoulli functions are generated as a new kind of basis functions. An explicit matrix related to fractional integration of these functions is obtained. An efficient direct method is developed to solve a novel set of optimal control problems defined using a fractional integro-differential equation. The presented technique is based on the expressed basis functions and their fractional integral matrix together with the Gauss–Legendre integration method and the Lagrange multipliers algorithm. This approach converts the original problem into a mathematical programming one. Three examples are investigated numerically to verify the capability and reliability of the approach.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 10
İbrahim Avcı 

In this paper, we consider numerical solutions for a general form of fractional delay differential equations (FDDEs) with fractional derivatives defined in the Caputo sense. A fractional integration operational matrix, created using a fractional Taylor basis, is applied to solve these FDDEs. The main characteristic of this approach is, by utilizing the operational matrix of fractional integration, to reduce the given differential equation to a set of algebraic equations with unknown coefficients. This equation system can be solved efficiently using a computer algorithm. A bound on the error for the best approximation and fractional integration are also given. Several examples are given to illustrate the validity and applicability of the technique. The efficiency of the presented method is revealed by comparing results with some existing solutions, the findings of some other approaches from the literature and by plotting absolute error figures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 863-888
Marinko Skare ◽  
Luis A. Gil-Alana ◽  
Gloria Claudio-Quiroga ◽  
Romina Pržiklas Družeta

Research background: China's economic growth, however remarkable, is due to the Harrod-Domar nature of economic growth and, therefore, limited. The main limitation lies in the extension of the neoclassical growth model and the government need to decrease regional disparities using new migration, urbanization and social policy. Purpose of the article: It is the rising regional disparity in the total factor productivity to cause the income inequality increase (measured by GINI index) in China from 1952?2017. Our paper brings new insight into the main inequality determinants and causes in China, using a fractional integration modeling framework. Methods: Using fractional integration, we find total factor productivity (TFP), real gross domestic product per capita and growth and expenditures for the social safety net and employment effort to have a statistically significant impact on GINI. Income inequality in China is of a persistent nature with the effects of the shocks affecting the GINI index enduring over time. Findings & value added: The results of this study highlight the importance for model/policy changes by the policy makers and practitioners in China to deal with the inequality issue. This involves improving the growth model through innovation and technological advancement, relaxing TFP dependence on the physical inputs (labor and capital) to reduce income inequality.

А. М. Abylayeva ◽  
B. N. Seilbekov ◽  
A. O. Baiarystanov ◽  

The paper establishes a characterization of the compactness for fractional operators of a general class, including the Riemann-Liouville, Hadamard and Erdelyi-Kober operators. The paper considers an integral fractional integration operator of Hardy type with nonnegative kernels and a variable limit of integration (a function as the upper limit of integration) and under certain conditions on the kernel, a criterion of the compactness in weighted Lebesgue spaces is obtained for this operator, when the parameters of the spaces satisfy the conditions Moreover, more general results are obtained for the weighted differential inequality of Hardy type on the set of locally absolutely continuous functions that vanish and infinity at the ends of the interval, covering the previously known results, and more precise estimates for the best constant are given. The localization method, Schauder’s theorem, the Kantorovich test, and the theorem on the uniform limit of compact operators were used in the proof of the main theorem. The obtained results of the study the compactness of fractional integration operators can be used in the estimation of solutions of differential equations that model various processes in mathematics. In particular, these results yield new results in the theory of Hardy-type inequalities.

2021 ◽  
Vol 68 (2) ◽  
pp. 317-326

Time series analysis of weather data can be a very valuable tool to investigate its variability pattern and, maybe, even to predict short- and long-term changes in the time series. In this study, the long memory behaviour of monthly minimum and maximum temperature of India for the period 1901 to 2007 by means of fractional integration techniques has been investigated. The results show that the time series can be specified in terms of autoregressive fractionally integrated moving average (ARFIMA) process. Both the series were found to be integrated with orders of integration smaller than 0.5 ensuring the long memory stationarity. Wavelet methodology in frequency domain with Haar wavelet filter was applied in order to see the oscillation at different scale and at different time epochs of the series. Multiresolution analysis (MRA) was carried out to explore the local as well as global variations in both the temperature series over the years. The variability in minimum temperature is found to be more than maximum temperature. Though there is no clear significance trend in the temperature series in the long run, but there are pockets of change in the temperature pattern. The predictive ability of ARFIMA model was investigated in terms of relative mean absolute percentage error.

2021 ◽  
Alireza Afarideh ◽  
Farhad Dastmalchi Saei ◽  
Mehrdad Lakestani ◽  
Behzad Nemati Saray

Abstract This work deals with the pseudospectral method to solve the Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problems with Caputo fractional derivative using Chebyshev cardinal functions. The method is based on reducing the problem to a weakly singular Volterra integro-differential equation. Then, using the matrices obtained from the representation of the fractional integration operator and derivative operator based on Chebyshev cardinal functions, the equation becomes an algebraic system. To get the eigenvalues, we find the roots of the characteristics polynomial of the coefficients matrix. We have proved the convergence of the proposed method. To illustrate the ability and accuracy of the method, some numerical examples are presented.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Waseem Ahmad Khan ◽  
Hassen Aydi ◽  
Musharraf Ali ◽  
Mohd Ghayasuddin ◽  
Jihad Younis

The main motive of this study is to present a new class of a generalized k -Bessel–Maitland function by utilizing the k -gamma function and Pochhammer k -symbol. By this approach, we deduce a few analytical properties as usual differentiations and integral transforms (likewise, Laplace transform, Whittaker transform, beta transform, and so forth) for our presented k -Bessel–Maitland function. Also, the k -fractional integration and k -fractional differentiation of abovementioned k -Bessel–Maitland functions are also pointed out systematically.

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